Applying Video for Writing Descriptive Text in Senior High School in the Covid-19 Pandemic Transition

Mister Gidion Maru(1*), Sahril Nur(2), Fergina Lengkoan(3),

(1) Universitas Negeri Manado
(2) Universitas Negeri Makassar
(3) Universitas Negeri Manado
(*) Corresponding Author



The emergence of the Covid-19 as the global pandemic with its social and physical distancing consequence has affected educational practices. This paper reports the expereince of carrying out a study on applying youtube video for writing of descriptive text in EFL Class. The purpose of this research was to find out whether the videos can develop students’ ability in writing descriptive text or not.  The study took place in the time before and during the covid-19 emergence. As quantitative research, this study applied pre-experimental design. The participant of this research was the 1st year students of one of the prominence senior high schools in Manado, Indonesia. They were 26 students of language class. The results indicated that the mean score of the post-test is significantly higher that of the pre-test. This points out that the use of YouTube video in teaching the writing of descriptive text is effective. However, the emergence of Covid-19 pandemic influenced the implementation of intervention that later affected students’ achievement. The result of this study is not fully in line with the outcome of the previous studies which hypothetically resulted in two to four gains of scores. In addition, it implies that the use of YouTube video in this pandemic transition period seems to be helpful mostly to low level students as they displayed higher gains. Besides, this study denotes the challenges for teachers and students in the Covid-19 pandemic era namely the competence in online learning, and the internet connectivity access and learning mode system.


Writing, Descriptive text, YouTube video, Covid-19

Full Text:

PDF, 408-419


Allawiyah, Luluk (2017). Pengembangan Materi Menulis Descriptive Text Melalui Media Flash. Jurnal PPKM II. ISSN 2354-869X.

Allo, Markus D. G. (2020). Is the Online Learning good in the midst of COVID-19 Pandemic? The Case of EFL learners. Jurnal Sinestesia, Vol. 10, No.1, April 2020.

Ansarimoghadda, Shokoufeh & Tan, Bee Hoon, (2014), Undergraduates’ Experiences and Attitudes of Writing in L1 and English, GEMA Online® Journal of Language Studies 7 Volume 14(1), February (

Basilaia, G., & Kvavadze, D. (2020). Transition to Online Education in Schools during a SARS-

CoV-2 Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic in Georgia. Pedagogical Research, 5(4), em0060.

Canning-Wilson, Christine. (2000), Practical Aspects of Using Video in the Foreign Language Classroom. The Internet TESL Journal, Vol. VI, No. 11, November.

Chae, Soo Eun, (2018). Effects of Video-based- e-Learning on EFL Achievement: The Mediation Effect of Behaviour Control Strategies. The Journal of Asia TEFL. Vol. 15 No.2. 398-413.

Celce-Murcia, M. (2001). Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language (3rd. Ed.). Boston: Heinle & Heinle.

Deane, P., Nora Odendahl, Thomas Quinlan, Mary Fowles, Cyndi Welsh & Jennifer Bivens-Tatum. (2008).Cognitive Models of Writing: Writing Proficiency as a Complex Integrated Skill. ETS, Princeton, NJ.

Hadijah, Sitti (2015). Teaching by Using Video: Ways to Make It More Meaningful in EFL Classrooms. Proceedings of the Fourth International Seminar on English Language and Teaching (ISELT-4).

Hatch, E. and Farhady, H. (1982). Research Design and Statistic for Applied Linguistics. London: New Bury House Production, Inc.

Hu, Jingjing & Yi, Li, (2020), Exploring Self-Regulated Writing Process of Efl Learners, British Journal of Education Vol.8, Issue 3, pp.161-177, March

Husna, Lailatul, Zainil & Rozimela, Yenni (2013), An Analysis of Students’ Writing Skill in Descriptive Text at Grade X1 Ipa 1 of Man 2 Padang. Journal English Language Teaching (ELT) Volume 1 Nomor 2, Juli

Inayah, N. & Nanda, R. P (2016), Efforts to Improve Writing Skills of High School Students, Studies in English Language and Education, 3(1), 50-64,

Kane, Thomas. S. (2000). The Oxford Essential Guide to Writing, York: Berkley Books

Klimova, Blanka Frydrychova (2014), Constraints and Difficulties in the Process of Writing Acquisition, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 122 ( 2014 ) 433 – 437

Ismail, N. Hussin, S. & Darus, S. (2012). ESL Students’ Attitude, Learning Problems, And Needs For Online Learning. GEMA Online TM Journal of Language Studies Volume 12(4), November 2012.

Loan, Nguyen T. T. (2019). A Case Study of Teacher Feedback on Thai University Students’ Essay Writing. GEMA Online TM Journal of Language Studies Volume 19(2).

Majid, A. H. A. & Stapa, Siti. (2017). The Use of Scaffolding Technique via Facebook in Improving Descriptive Writing Among ESL Learners. The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies-Vol. 23(4):77-88 from

Masitoh, Siti & Suprijadi, Dasep. (2015). Improving Students’ Ability in Writing Descriptive Text Using Genre Based Appproach (GBA) At the Eight Grade Students of SMP Islam Terpadu Fitrah Insani. ELT Journal Vol 3/1.

Mc.Millan, H and Schunmacher. (1983). Research in Education. Boston: Little Brown Company.

Memarzadeh, Maryam & Shariati, Mohammad.(2015), Video Clips Used as An Assessment Tool in Listening Placement Tests, International Journal of English Language TeachingVol.3, No.8, pp.56-70, December.

Mirvan, X. (2013). The Advantages of Using Films to Enhance Students’ Reading Skills in The EFL Classroom. Journal of Education and Practice.

Novarian. Hanna, Sumardi & Tarjana, Sri Samiati, (2018), Senior High School Students’ Problems in Writing : A Preliminary Study of Implementing Writing E-Journal as Self Assessment to Promote Students’ Writing Skill, 2nd English Language and Literature International Conference (ELLiC) Proceedings – (ELLiC Proceedings Vol. 2, 2018)

Nusrat, A. Ashraf, F. & Combes, M. F. N. (2019). Effect of Direct and Indirect Teacher Feedback on Accuracy of English Writing: A Quasi-Experimental Study among Pakistani Undergraduate Students. The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies-Vol. 25(4):84-98 from

Rachman & Pratiwi, (2016), "Students' Difficulties in Writing English" (A Study at the Third Semester Students of English Education Program of UNIB in Academic Year 2011-2012, Journal of Linguistics and Language Teaching Vol 3, No. 1

Rivai, Ita Miftahussaidah, Arniz, Early Amalia & Mujadidi, Sibghatullah, (2017), The Effectiveness of Using Video on Students’ Writing Ability in Teaching Descriptive Text (A Case Study At Tenth Grade Of Smk Pasundan 1 Kota Serang). The Journal of English Language Studies, Vol. 02, No. 02, Sept 2017, (155 - 165)

Sri Wulan, Anita. (2018) Students’ Ability in Writing Descriptive Text at The

Tenth Grade of State Senior High School 12 Pekanbaru. thesis,

Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau.

Vabiola, Katrina & Fitrawati, Fitrawati. (2018). Teaching Reading Descriptive Text by Using Tree Mapping for Senior High School Students. Journal of English Language TeachingVol.7 No.4.

Wang, Zhaogang. (2015). An Analysis on the Use of Video Materials in College English Teaching in China. International Journal of English Language Teaching Vol.No.1;2015. 2329-7921.

Wyrick, Jean. (1987). Steps to Writing Well. New York: Rinehart and Winston. Inc.

______, Education Ministry Adjusts Several Policies Amid COVID-19,

______, Billie Eilish,

______, Donald Trump,

______, Michael Jakson,

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 3155 times | PDF, 408-419 view : 407 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

License URL:




Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.