Non-Native Arabic Learners’ Social Media Usage and Motivation Influencing Learning of Arabic Language in Malaysian Public Universities

Xuan Di(1*), Wail Muin Ismail(2), Muhammad Azhar Zailani(3),

(1) University of Malaya
(2) Faculty of Education, University of Malaya
(3) Faculty of Education, University of Malaya
(*) Corresponding Author



This paper aims to clarify the concepts related to the use of social media usage and motivation and their effect on the learning of a new language. They have also investigated the relationship between these variables and determined the influence of motivation and SMU on the academic performance of the students. For this purpose, quantitative survey was employed by distributed questionnaires which adopted from Monachesi et al. (2008) data language technologies for lifelong learning along with the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaires (MSLQ) amongst 317 Arabic learners to six selected universities. They carried out quantitative data analysis by using SPSS and SmartPLS. The finding reported that these learners SMU displayed a significant correlation with motivation. A variation in the results was noted according to the year of study for all the learners. Furthermore, the results indicated that self-efficacy showed a varying effect on the academic performance of the students. The researchers discussed the results related to the learning of a language and the educational practices which were implemented. The results of this study could benefit the instructors, faculty and the student population


Social media usage, Motivation, Language learning strategies, Arabic language Education

Full Text:




Akbari, E., Naderi, A., Simons, R.-J., & Pilot, A. (2016). Student engagement and foreign language learning through online social networks. Asian-Pacific Journal of Second and Foreign Language Education, 1(1), 4.

Bakar, K. A., Sulaiman, N. F., & Rafaai, Z. A. M. (2010). Self-Determination Theory and motivational orientations of Arabic learners: A principal component analysis. GEMA Online® Journal of Language Studies, 10(1).

Ball‐Rokeach, S. J. (2008). Media system dependency theory. The International Encyclopedia of Communication.

Bayuong, P. D., Yunus, M. M., & Suliman, A. (2019). The use of social media (SM) among pupils in a rural primary school in Sarawak, Malaysia. Humanities and Social Sciences Reviews, 7(5), 1272-1279.

Bawabat Ataaleem. (2017). Retrieved on 18/1/2018 at:

Brooks, D., & Pomerantz, J. (2017). ECAR study of undergraduate students and information technology, 2017 [Internet]. EDUCAUSE Center for Analysis and Research, Louisville, CO.[cited 25 Sept 2018]. Available from: https://www. educause. edu/ecar.

Brooks, D. C., & Pomerantz, J. (2017). ECAR study of undergraduate students and information technology: 2017.

Brualdi Timmins, A. C. (1996). Multiple intelligences: Gardner's theory. Practical Assessment, Research, and Evaluation, 5(1), 10.

Bugeja, M. (2006). Facing the facebook. Chronicle of Higher Education, 52, C1.

Canvas8, G. (2019). Future of the classroom: emerging trends in K-12 education: global edition.

Chawinga, W. D. (2017). Taking social media to a university classroom: teaching and learning using Twitter and blogs. International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education, 14(1), 3.

Dabbagh, N., & Kitsantas, A. (2012). Personal Learning Environments, social media, and self-regulated learning: A natural formula for connecting formal and informal learning. The Internet and higher education, 15(1), 3-8.

Dahlstrom, E. (2011). ECAR National Study of Undergraduate Students and Information Technology, 2012: EDUCAUSE Center for Applied Research.

Dahlstrom, E., & Bichsel, J. (2014). ECAR Study of Undergraduate Students and Information Technology, 2014. Educause.

Dahlstrom, E., Walker, J., & Dziuban, C. (2012). ECAR study of undergraduate students and information technology (Research Report). EDUCAUSE Center for Applied Research, Louisville, CO, USA.

Dahlstrom, E., Walker, J., & Dziuban, C. (2013). ECAR study of undergraduate students and information technology: 2013.

Dana, C. G. (2019). ECAR Study of Undergraduate Students and Information Technology: 2019.

Dornyei, Z. (2005). The psychology of the language learner: Individual differences in second language acquisition.

Dörnyei, Z. (2008). Motivation strategies in the language classroom: Ernst Klett Sprachen.

Dörnyei, Z., & Ushioda, E. (2011). Teaching and researching motivation. Harlow, England: New York, Longman.

Galanek, J., Gierdowski, D., & Christopher Brooks, D. (2018). ECAR study of undergraduate students and information technology: 2018.

Gardner, H. (1992). Multiple intelligences (Vol. 5): Minnesota Center for Arts Education.

Gardner, H. (2006). The development and education of the mind: The selected works of Howard Gardner: Routledge.

Ghenghesh, P. (2010). The motivation of learners of Arabic: Does it decrease with age. Journal of language Teaching and Research, 1(3), 235-249.

Ismail, A. (1993). The teaching of Arabic in the Faculty of Islamic Studies in the National University of Malaysia. University of Salford.

Jordan Times (2010), retrieved on 18/1/2018 at: high/

Junco, R. (2012). The relationship between frequency of Facebook use, participation in Facebook activities, and student engagement. Computers & education, 58(1), 162-171.

Junco, R., Elavsky, C. M., & Heiberger, G. (2013). Putting twitter to the test: Assessing outcomes for student collaboration, engagement and success. British Journal of Educational Technology, 44(2), 273-287.

Karpinski, A. C., & Duberstein, A. (2009, April). A description of Facebook use and academic performance among undergraduate and graduate students. In Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, Calif.


Malerba, M. L. (2015). Social networking in second language learning: informal online interactions. Universitat Oberta de Catalunya.

Matzat, U., & Vrieling, E. (2016). Self-regulated learning and social media–a ‘natural alliance’? Evidence on students’ self-regulation of learning, social media use, and student–teacher relationship. Learning, Media and Technology, 41(1), 73-99.

Mazer, J. P., Murphy, R. E., & Simonds, C. J. (2009). The effects of teacher self‐disclosure via Facebook on teacher credibility. Learning, Media and Technology, 34(2), 175-183.

Monachesi, P., Mossel, E., Posea, V., Simov, K., Osenova, P., Tincheva, A., & Laskova, L. (2008). LTfLL-D6. 1: Social and informal learning support design.

Morrow, J. A., & Castleton, B. (2007). The impact of globalization on the Arabic language. Intercultural Communication Studies, 16(2), 202.

Nasrullah, S., & Khan, F. R. (2019). Examining the Impact of Social Media on the Academic Performances of Saudi Students-Case Study: Prince Sattam Bin Abdul Aziz University.

Noels, K. A., Pelletier, L. G., Clément, R., & Vallerand, R. J. (2000). Why are you learning a second language? Motivational orientations and self‐determination theory. Language learning, 50(1), 57-85.

Pintrich, P. R., Garcia, T., McKeachie, W. J., & Smith, D. A. (1991). Motivated strategies for learning questionnaire: Regents of the University of Michigan.

Pomerantz, J., & Brooks, D. C. (2017). ECAR study of faculty and information technology: 2017.

Sehatzadeh, A., & Le-May Sheffield, S. (2014). Survey of faculty use of online technologies 2013.

Smith, E. E. (2017). Social media in undergraduate learning: categories and characteristics. International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education, 14(1), 12.

Smith, S. D., Salaway, G., & Caruso, J. B. (2009). The ECAR study of undergraduate students and information technology, 2009.

Tu, C.-H., Yen, C.-J., & Sujo-Montes, L. E. (2015). Personal learning environments and self-regulated learning Media rich instruction (pp. 35-48): Springer.

Xuan, D., Ismail, W., Zailaini, M., & Hussin, Z. (2014). Achievement Motivation Across Gender and Academic Level of Students at Islamic Institute of Education in China. OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development, 7(12), 83-94.

Ziegler, S. G. (2007). The (mis) education of Generation M. Learning, Media and Technology, 32(1), 69-81.

余可华. (2016). 多种现代技术支持的第二

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 464 times | PDF view : 110 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

License URL:




Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.