Sri Endang Kusmaryati(1*),

(1) Muria Kudus University
(*) Corresponding Author

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26858/eltww.v7i2.9723



In Indonesia teaching English at primary schools aims to introduce English language as a foreign language. The policy of Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, No.0487/14/1992, Chapter VIII and Undang-undang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional, No.060/U/1993 explains that English can be incorporated into the curriculum of local content at primary schools. The English proficiency of primary school graduates should be appopriate and useful to prepare the to learn English at the higher level. Students of primary schools are young learners who have their own characteristics. Young learners take great pleasure in playing games. Therefore, teaching English for primary schools students must be well designed in accordance with the characteristics of the students. This study is a survey that aims to investigate teachers’ perspectives of teaching English to young learners in Kudus. Further, it inspects their problems in teaching English in their schools. A questionnaire is distributed to the targeting primary school teachers in Kudus. The result reveals that there are 67% of the teachers who agreed that English is appropriately  taught at primary schools, while 33% of the teachers disagreed. Teachers’ problems in teaching English to primary schools students, among others are the limited time allotments, students’ proficiencies in vocabulary and pronunciation, students’ interests, limited facilities, textbook, media and learning materials, and too many students in the classroom. Besides, the primary school students are young learners who are very active and like to break the rules.


Keywords: Teachers’ Perspectives, English to Young Learners

Full Text:




Borich, C.D. (1996). Effective Teaching Methods. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Inc.

Brown, H. D. (2000). Principles of Language Learning and Teaching. New York: Addison Wesley Longman Inc.

Brown, H. D. (2007). Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy. New York: Wesley Longman Inc

Cameron, L. (2001). Teaching Language to Young Learners. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cameron, L. and Penny Mckay. (2010). Bridging Creative Teaching into the Young Learner Classroom. New York: Oxford University Press.

Celce-Murcia, M. (Ed.) (1991). Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language. (2nd ed.). Boston: Heinle and Heinle

Clark, H.M., and E.V. Clark .(1977). Psychology and Language: An Introduction to Psycholinguistics. New York: Harcount Brace Jovanovich.

Depdiknas. (1992). Policy of Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, No.0487/14/1992.

Depdiknas. (1993). Undang-undang System Pendidikan Nasional, No.060/U/1993

Desmita. (2005). Psikologi Perkembangan. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakaya.

Grave, K. (2000). Designing Language Courses: A Guide for Teachers. Canada: Heinle &Heinle Publishers

Joan Kang Shin. Ten Helpful Ideas for Teaching English to Young Learners. An article in the English Teaching Forum. (Volume 44, No. 2). published by the U.S. Department of State’s Office of English Language Programs.

Krashen, S.D. (1987). Language Acquisition and Language Education. Great Britain: Prentise Hall International Ltd.

Krashen, S.D. (2002). Second Language Acquisition and Second Language Learning. California: Pergamon Press Inc.

Mckay, S. L. and Rani R. The Social and Sociolinguistic Contexts Inlanguage Learning and Teaching. In Long, M. H, and Catherine J. D. (2009). The Handbook of Language Teaching. Singapore: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

McFarland, R. A. (1981). Physiological Psychology: The Biology of Human Behavior. _______: Mayfield Publishing Company.

Nunan, D. (2011). Teaching English to Young Learners. New york: Anaheim University Press.

Philips, S. (1993). Young Learners. New York: Oxford University Press.

Robbins, P. S. & Timothi, A, J. (2008). Perilaku Organisasi. Jakarta: Salemba Empat

Savignon,S. J. Communicative Language Teaching: Strategies and Goals. In Hinkle, E. (2005). Handbook of Study in Second Language Teaching and Learning. (Volume I). London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.

Slattery, M. and Jane Willis. (2009). English for Primary Teachers: A Handbook of Activities and Classroom Language. New York: Oxford University Press.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 76 times | PDF view : 3 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.


English Language Education

Graduate Program

State University of Makassar







p-ISSN: 2303-3037

e-ISSN: 2503-2291

View My Stats

Creative Commons License
ELT Worlwide is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.