The Implementation of Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) in English Language Teaching: The Case of Indonesian Senior High School EFL Teachers

Mhd Lutfi Brilian Dima(1), Daflizar - Daflizar(2*), Ahmadi Ahmadi(3),

(1) Jambi University
(2) State Islamic Institute of Kerinci
(3) State Senior High School 3 Sungai Penuh
(*) Corresponding Author




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26858/eltww.v8i2.20468

Abstract


The purpose of this research is to explore teachers' perceptions of the implementation of Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) in English language classrooms. Specifically, it attempted to explore: (1) teachers’ understanding of HOTS, (2) teachers’ perceptions of the implementation of HOTS in EFL classrooms, and (3) teachers’ perceived obstacles in the implementation of HOTS. The research used a qualitative approach with a case study design. Five English language teachers at a senior high school in Jambi Province, Indonesia participated in this study. Semi-structured interviews were employed to collect the data. The data were analyzed following Miles and Huberman's (1994) qualitative data analysis procedures. The results revealed that all participants had a good understanding of the concept of HOTS. The definitions of HOTS given by all the participants were related to the sub-skills of Bloom's Taxonomy. All the participants have also implemented HOTS in the English language teaching and learning process. However, the implementation has yet to be effective due to some obstacles, which include students' low English proficiency, teachers' lack of competencies, and limited supporting facilities such as internet access, learning media, and learning sources.

Keywords


Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS); teachers’ perceptions; implementation; obstacles

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akyol, Z., & Garrison, D. R. (2011). Understanding cognitive presence in an online and blended com¬munity of inquiry: Assessing outcomes and processes for deep approaches to learning. British Journal of Educational Technology, 42(2), 233-250. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8535.2009.01029.x

Anderson, L. W., Krathwohl, D. R., Airasian, P. W., Cruikshank, K. A., Mayer, R. E., Pintrich, P. R., & Wittrock, M. C. (2001). A taxonomy for learning, teaching, and assessing: A revision of bloom's taxonomy of educational objectives, abridged edition. White Plains, NY: Longman.

Armala, I., Fauzia, A., and Asib, A. (2019). Pre-Service English teachers’ perception on Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) in English language teaching. JLIC: Journal of Language Intelligence and Culture, 1(1), 11-122.

Bartell, T. G. (2012). Learning to teach mathematics for social justice: Negotiating social justice and mathematical goals. National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, 44(1), 129-163. Retrieved from: https://www.nctm.org.

Bloom, B., Englehart, M., Furst, E., Hill, W., & Krathwohl, D. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives: The classification of educational goals. Handbook I: Cognitive domain. New York: Longmans Green.

Brookhart, S. M. (2010). How to access higher-order thinking skills in your classroom. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.

Creswell, J.W. (2009). Research design: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches, (3rd edition). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Fakhomah, D. N., & Utami, M. S. (2019). Pre-service English teacher perception about Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) in the 21st century learning. International Journal of Indonesian Education and Teaching, 3(1), 41-49.

Fisher, R. (1999). Thinking skills to thinking schools: Ways to develop children’s thinking and learning. Early Child Development and Care, 53, 51-63. https://doi.org/10.1080/0300443991530104

Forehand, M. (2010). Bloom’s taxonomy. In M. Orey (Ed.), Emerging perspectives on learning, teaching, and technology (pp. 41-47). Retrieved from https://textbookequity.org/Textbooks/Orey_Emergin_Perspectives_Learning.pdf

Haladyna, T. M. (1997). Writing test items to evaluate higher order thinking. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Hashim, A. T., Osman, R., Arifin, A., Abdullah, N., & Noh, N. M. (2015). Teachers’ perception on higher order thinking skills as an innovation and its implementation in history teaching. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 9(32), 215-221.

Ivie, S. D. (1998). Ausubel’s learning theory: An approach to teaching higher order thinking skills. The High School Journal, 35-42.

Kasih, A. P. (2020). Nilai PISA Siswa Indonesia Rendah, Nadiem Siapkan 5 Strategi Ini. Kompas.com. Retrieved from: https://edukasi.kompas.com/read/2020/04/05/154418571/nilai-pisa-siswa-indonesia-rendah-nadiem-siapkan-5-strategi-ini?page=all

Kemendikbud. (2016a). Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Nomor 22 Tahun 2016 tentang Standar Proses Pendidikan Dasar dan Menengah.

Kemendikbud. (2016b). Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Nomor 20 Tahun 2016 tentang Standar Kompetensi Lulusan Pendidikan Dasar dan Menengah.

Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 20 the year 2003 on the National Education System (Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 20 Tahun 2003 tentang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional).

Limbach, B., & Waugh, W. (2010). Developing higher level thinking. Journal of Instructional Pedagogies, 3, 1-9.

Liu, X. (2010). Essentials of sciences classroom assessment. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publication.

Mainali, B. P. (2012). Higher order thinking in education. Academic Voices: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2(1), 5-10.

McDade, S. A. (1995). Case Study Pedagogy to Advance Critical Thinking. Teaching Psychology, 22(1), 9-10.

McDavitt, D. S. (1993). Teaching for understanding: Attaining higher order learning and increased achievement through experiential instruction. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 374 093)

Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded source book, 2nd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publication.

Miles, M. B., Huberman, A.M., & Saldaña’s, J. (2014). Qualitative data analysis: A methods source book, 3rd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publication.

Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., & Foy, P. (with Olson, J.F., Preuschoff, C., Erberber, E., Arora, A., & Galia, J.). (2008). TIMSS 2007 international mathematics report: Findings from IEA’s trends in international mathematics and science study at the fourth and eighth grades. Chestnut Hill, MA: TI MSS & PIRLS International Study Center, Boston College.

Mursyid, M., & Kurniawati, N. (2019). Higher order thinking skills among English teachers across generation in EFL classroom. English Review: Journal of English Education, 7(2), 119-124. https://doi.org/10.25134/erjee.v7i2.1775

Nourdad, N., Masoudi, S., & Rahimali, P. (2018). The effect of higher order thinking skill instruction on EFL reading ability. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature, 7(3), 231-237. https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijalel.v.7n.3p.231

Patton, M. Q. (1999). Enhancing the quality and credibility of qualitative analysis. Health Services Research, 34(5), 1189-1208.

Petress, K. (2005). Questions and answers: The substance of knowledge and relationship. College Student Journal, 374-376.

Rajendran, N., & Idris, P. U. P. S. (2008). Teaching & acquiring higher-order thinking skills: Theory & practice. Penerbit Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris.

Retnawati, H., Djidu, H., Kartianom, Apino, E., & Anazifa, R. D. (2018). Teacher’s knowledge about higher-orderthinking skills and its learning strategy. Problems of Education in the 21st Century, 76(2), 215-230.

Seman, S. C., Yusoff, W. M. W., & Embong, R. (2017). Teachers’ challenges in teaching and learning for Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) in primary school. International Journal of Asian Social Science, 7(7), 534-545.

Thompson, T. (2008). Mathematics teachers’ interpretation of higher-order thinking in Bloom’s taxonomy. International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 3(2), 1-14.

Thomas, A., & Thorne, G. (2009). How to increase higher order thinking. Retrieved from https://www.readingrockets.org/article/how-increase-higher-order-thinking

Underbakke, M., Borg, J. M., & Peterson, D. (1993). Researching and developing the knowledge base for teaching higher order thinking. Theory into Practice, 32(3). 138-146. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.um.edu.my:2057/stable/pdfplus/1476694.pdf

Vidergor, H. E., & Krupnik-Gottlieb, M. (2015). High order thinking, problem based and project- based learning in blended learning environments. In H. E. Vidergor & C. R. Harris (Eds.), Applied Practice for Educators of Gifted and Able Learners (pp. 217–232). Rotterdam: Sense Publishers. doi:10.1007/978-94-6300-004-8_11.

Vijayaratnam, P. (2012). Developing higher order thinking skills and team commitment via group problem solving: A bridge to the real world. Paper presented at the 8th International Language for Specific Purposes (LSP) Seminar: Aligning Theoretical Knowledge with Professional Practice.

Weay, A. L., Masood, M., & Abdullah, S. H. (2016). Systematic review of revised Bloom Taxonomy, SOLO Taxonomy and Webb’s Depth of Knowledge (DOK) in assessing students’ historical understanding in learning history. Malaysian Journal of Higher Order Thinking Skills in Education, 1-27.

Wilkinson, D., & Birmingham, P. (2003). Using research instruments: A guide for researchers. London: Routledge Falmer.

Yee, M. H., Widad, O., Jailani, M. Y., Tee, T. K., Razali, H., & Mimi Mohaffyza, M. (2011). The level of marzano higher order thinking skills among technical education students. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, 1(2), 121-125.

Yusoff, W. M. W., & Seman, S. C. (2018). Teachers’ knowledge of higher order thinking and questioning Skills: A case study at a primary school in Terengganu, Malaysia. Development, 7(2).


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 488 times | PDF view : 78 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

INDEXING

  

     

 

      


EDITORIAL OFFICE

ELT Worldwide: Journal of English Language Teaching

English Language Education Graduate Program, Universitas Negeri Makassar.

 

Jalan Bonto Langkasa, Banta-Bantaeng, Rappocini, Banta-Bantaeng, Kec. Rappocini, Kota Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan 90222.

E-Mail: elt.worldwide@unm.ac.id


e-ISSN: 2503-2291

View My Stats

Creative Commons License
ELT Worlwide is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.