Development of Project-based Blended Learning (PjB2L) Model To Increase Pre-Service Primary Teacher Creativity

Wahyudi Wahyudi(1*), Adi Winanto(2),

(1) Univesitas Kristen Satya Wacana Salatiga
(2) Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana Salatiga
(*) Corresponding Author



One of the aims of Indonesian education is to develop the potential of learners to become creative human beings. It takes a creative teacher to meet this need. Not just teaching, but teachers who are able to teach with innovative models, strategies and methods provide an opportunity for students to be skilled from creative products including in the field of mathematics in elementary school (SD). The aim of this research is to develop model to grow pre-service primary teacher students’ creativity in designing the lesson plan. The method used in this research was R&D with ASSURE development model. Product validation was done through an expert’s assessment by using the expert’s validation sheet. Product effectiveness was seen by implementing limited development testing to a particular class with a one group pretest-posttest design and the result was analyzed by using a Paired-Samples T-Test. The result of this research was a project-based e learning model to increase the creativity of pre-service primary teacher college students in designing a lesson plan. The validity of the learning model was proven by the result of the expert assessment in learning (face-to-face and online), material and instructional media. This model is also effectively usable in instructions to produce creative lesson plans for teaching Elementar School Mathematics as it is shown by the difference in the average pretest and posttest scores with sig. (2-tailed) 0,000.


Learning Model; Project- Based Blended Learning; Students’ Creativity; Lesson Plan.

Full Text:



Boelens, R., Wever B.D. & Voet, M. 2017. Four key challenges to the design of blended learning: A systematic literature review. Educational Research Review, Vol.22. November 2017, 1-18

Charles D. Dziuban. 2004. Blended Learning. Central Florida: EDUCAUSE Center for Applied Research Volume 2004, Issue 7.

Ergul, N.R., Kargin, E.K. 2014. The Effect of Project-based Learning on Students’ Science Success. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 136, 537-541.

Giacomini, L. 2015. Using "Storybird" in Young Learners' Creative Writing Class. Teaching Technique: English Teaching Forum, 35-37.

Han, S., Capraro, R., Capraro, M. 2016. How science, technology, engineering, and mathematics project-based learning affects high-need students in the US. Learning and Individual Differences, 51, 157-166.

HASYIM, Nurhikmah; HALING, Abdul. The e-Learning Needs Analysis in Graduate Programs of Universitas Negeri Makassar. Journal of Educational Science and Technology (EST), [S.l.], p. 233-242, dec. 2017. ISSN 2477-3840. Available at: . Date accessed: 21 Jul. 2018. doi:

Henriksen, Danah. 2016. The seven transdisciplinary habits of minds of creative teachers: An exploratory studi of award winning teachers. Teaching Skills and Creativity, Vol 22 December 2016, Pages 212-232.

Hsieh, S.W., 2011. Effects of teaching and learning styles on students’ reflection levels for ubiquitous learning. Computers & Education, Volume 57, Issue 1, August 2011, Pages 1194-1201.

Jared A. Carman, 2005. Blended Learning Design: Five Key Ingredients. Diambil dari Learning Design.pdf diunduh, 25 Oktober 2012.

Joyce, B dan Marsha, W. 2015. Models of Teching. USA: Allyn: A. Person Education Company

Khairullina, N.e. a. 2016. Development of Creative Activity os Students in the System of the Organizational Culture of the Modern University. International Journal of Enviromental & Science Education, 11 No.4, 2171-2184. doi:10.12973/ijese.2016.588a

Koparan & Guven. 2014. The Effec of Project-based Learning on the Statistical Literacy Levels of Students 8th Grade. European Journal of Educational Research, 3 No. 3, 145-157. Retrieved from

Krinistsyna, Anastasiya Vyacheslavovna, e. a. 2016. Characteristics of the Creative Development technologies Applying During the Work with Students. International Journal of Enviromental & Science Education, 11 NO. 18, 11709-11720.

Lamima & Dangwal. 2017. Blended Learning: An Innovative Approach. Universal Journal of Educational Researh, 5 no. 1, 129-136. doi:10.13189/ujer.2017.050116

Liu, P. 2016. Technology Integration in Elementary Classrooms: Teaching Practices of Student Teachers. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 41(3), 87-104.

Morais, Maria Fatima & Azevedo, Ivete. 2011. What is a Creative Tecaher and What is a Creative Pupil? Perceptions of Teachers. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol 12, 2011, Page 330-339,

Powel, A., 2015. Blending Learning: The Evolution of Online and Face-toFace Education from 2008-2015. iNACOL, 1-20.

Richardson, C & Mishra, P. 2017. Learning environments that support student creativity: Developing the SCALE. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 27, 45-54.

Smaldino, S.E,Russel, J.D. Heinich, R. & Molenda, M. 2005. Intructional Technology and Media for Learning . New Jersey : Pearson Merril Prentice Hall Inc

Soh, K. 2017. Fostering student creativity through teacher behaviors. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 23, 58-66.

Tsai, C.Y., Horng, JS, Liu, CH, Hu, DC, Chung YC. 2015. Awakening student creativity: Empirical evidence in a learning environment context. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education, 17, 28-38.

Vastenhouw, M., 1982. Metode Pengajaran Proyek. s.l.:Keluarga Mahasiswa BAPEMSI

Widiana, I Wayan, I. N. 2016. Improving Students' Creative Thinking and Achievement through the Implementation of Multiple Intelligence Approach with Mind Mapping. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, 5 No. 3, 246-254.

Winataputra, U. S. 2001. Model-model Pembelajaran Inovatif. Jakarta : Pusat Antar Universitas untuk Peningkatan dan Pengembangan Aktivitas Instruksional, Dirjen Dikti

Wallas, G. 1926. The art of thought. London: Jonathan Cape.

Zaouganeli, E., Tysso, V., Feng, B., Arneses, K., Kapetanovic, N. 2014. Projrct-based learning in programming classes – the effect of open projrct scope on student motivation and learning outcome. IFAC Proceedings Volumes, 47, 12232-12236.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 1171 times | PDF view : 300 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Wahyudi Wahyudi, Adi Winanto

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office

Journal of Educational Science and Technology
Graduate Program Universitas Negeri Makassar


address icon red

 Jalan Bonto Langkasa Gunungsari Baru Makassar, 90222 Kampus PPs UNM Makassar Gedung AD Ruang 406 Lt 4, Indonesia | 
   085299898201 (WA) 

EST Index by: