Dynamic Capabilities and Core Competencies in Achieving Competitive Advantage of Agroforesty-Based School

Nur Choirul Afif(1*), Wahyudin Wahyudin(2),

(2) Universitas Jenderal Soedirman
(*) Corresponding Author

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26858/est.v6i2.12809


This research purposes to prove whether a school not standard in the learning process or having unique resources is able to compete with general schools, which are in accordance with national standard of education in Indonesia. The results of this study showed that dynamic capabilities had a positive effect on core competencies in the agroforestry-based school. Dynamic capabilities did not affect competitive advantage in the agroforestry-based school. Core competencies had a positive effect on competitive advantage in the agroforestry-based school. Core competencies mediated the effect of dynamic capabilities on competitive advantage in the agroforestry-based school. Thus, resource capabilities should be able to form core competencies in educational institutions in order to be able to create competitive advantage for graduates of this school.


dynamic capabilities, core competence, competitive advantage

Full Text:



Abreu Pederzini, G. D. (2018). Neoliberal Awakenings: A Case Study of University Leaders’ Competitive Advantage Sensemaking. High Education Policy, 31(1), 405–422. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1057/s41307-017-0066-4

Adiputra, I. P. P., & Mandala, K. (2017). Pengaruh Kompetensi dan Kapabilitas terhadap Keunggulan Kompetitif dan Kinerja Perusahaan pada Pondok Wisata (Villa) di Kota Denpasar-Bali. E-Jurnal Manajemen Universitas Udayana, 6(11), 6090–6119.

Agha, S., Alrubaiee, L., & Jamhour, M. (2012). Effect of core competence on competitive advantage and organizational performance. International Journal of Business and Management, 7(1), 192–204. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/ijbm.v7n1p192

Al Shobaki, M. J., & Abu Naser, S. S. (2017). Requirements for Applying Decision Support Systems in Palestinian Higher Education Institutions-Applied Study on Al-Aqsa University in Gaza. International Journal of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, 6(4), 42–55.

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2017). Potret Pendidikan Indonesia Statistik Pendidikan 2017. Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik.

Birchler, K., & Michaelowa, K. (2016). Making Aid Work for Education in Developing Countries: An Analysis of Aid Effectiveness for Primary Education Coverage and Quality. International Journal of Educational Development, 48, 37–52.

Boscor, D. (2015). Sources of competitive advantage in the field of higher education. Case Study: Transilvania University of Brasov. Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Brasov. Economic Sciences. Series V, 8(2), 379.

Burisch, R., & Wohlgemuth, V. (2016). Blind Spots of Dynamic Capabilities: A Systems Theoretic Perspective. Journal of Innovation & Knowledge, 1(2), 109–116. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jik.2016.01.015

Chukwuemeka, O. W., & Onuoha, B. C. (2018). Dynamic Capabilities and Competitive Advantage of Fast Foods Restaurants. International Journal of Management Science and Business Administration, 4(3), 7–14. https://doi.org/10.18775/ijmsba.1849-5664-5419.2014.43.1001

Ghozali, I. (2016). Aplikasi Analisis Multivariete dengan Program SPSS 23. Semarang: Penerbit Undip.

Gökkaya, Ö., & Özbağ, G. K. (2015). Linking Core Competence, Innovation and Firm Performance. Journal of Business Research, 7, 90–102.

Hana, U. (2013). Competitive Advantage Achievement through Innovation and Knowledge. Journal of Competitiveness, 5(1), 82–96.

Handrimurtjahjo, A. D., & Kuncoro, E. A. (2012). Peran Daya Saing Kultural dan Kapabilitas Dinamik dalam Meningkatkan Kinerja Organisasional. Binus Business Review, 3(2), 777–786. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21512/bbr.v3i2.1360

Kaur, V., & Mehta, V. (2017). Dynamic Capabilities for Competitive Advantage: A Comparative Study of IT Multinationals in India. Paradigm, 21(1), 31–51. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1177/0971890717701781

Krzakiewicz, K., & Cyfert, S. (2017). Dynamic Capability In Strategic Choice Processes Within Organisations. Management, 21(1), 7–19. https://doi.org/10.1515/manment-2015-0077

Longenecker, J. G., Moore, C. W., Petty, J. W., & Palich, L. E. (2008). Small Business Management: Llaunching and Growing Entrepreneurial Ventures. USA: Thomson.

Muijs, D., & Rumyantseva, N. (2014). Coopetition in Education: Collaborating in a Competitive Environment. Journal of Educational Change, 15(1), 1–18. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/s10833-013-9223-8

TeeNg, H. S., & Kee, D. M. H. (2018). The Core Competence of Successful Owner-Managed SMEs. Management Decision, 56(1), 252–272. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1108/MD-12-2016-0877

Nursaid. (2017). Pengaruh Etika Bisnis, Kompetensi Inti, dan Strategi Kewirausahaan terhadap Keunggulan Bersaing dan Kinerja Usaha pada Perusahaan Teknologi Informasi Jawa Timur. Jurnal Sains Manajemen Dan Bisnis Indonesia, 7(2), 257–272. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.32528/smbi.v7i2.1235

Ogunkoya, O., Banjo, H., & Shobayo, P. (2014). Dynamic Capabilities and Competitive Advantage: an Analysis of The Nigerian Banking Sector. The Journal of Accounting and Management, 4(2), 29–36.

Smith, R. (2008). Harnessing Competencies, Capabilities, and Resources. Research and Techlonogy Management: Journal of the Industrial Research Institue, 51(5), 47–53. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/08956308.2008.11657525

Teece, D. J. (2018). Business Models and Dynamic Capabilities. Long Range Planning, 51(1), 40–44. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lrp.2017.06.007

Teguh, E. D., & Devie. (2013). Analisa Pengaruh Core Competencies Terhadap Keunggulan Bersaing dan Kinerja Perusahaan. Business Accounting Review, 1(2), 1–12.

Violinda, Q., & Jian, S. (2016). Dynamic Capabilities, Organizational Culture and Competitive Advantage : Evidence from Agriculture Cooperatives in China. Asia-Pacific Management and Business Application, 4(3), 137–154. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.apmba.2016.004.03.4

Yeh, Y.-C., & Hsiao, C.-C. (2012). AnEvaluation of Core Competence on Knowledge Management for Elementary Schools’Teachers: A Case Study of Remote Rural Area inTaiwan. Journal of Education and Vocational Research, 3(9), 303–312. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.22610/jevr.v3i9.82

Zhu, C., Wang, D., Cai, Y., & Engels, N. (2013). What Core Competencies are Related to Teachers’ Innovative Teaching? Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education, 41(1), 9–27. https://doi.org/http://doi.org/http://doi.org/10.1080/1359866X.2012.753984

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 143 times | PDF view : 1 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 NUR CHOIRUL AFIF

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office

Journal of Educational Science and Technology
Graduate Program Universitas Negeri Makassar


address icon red

 Jalan Bonto Langkasa Gunungsari Baru Makassar, 90222 Kampus PPs UNM Makassar Gedung AD Ruang 406 Lt 4, Indonesia  
  jurnalestunm@gmail.com | est.journal@unm.ac.id 
   085299898201 (WA) 

EST Index by: