Effectiveness of Arm Strength, Leg Strength, and Body Flexibility on Students' Volleyball Underhand Passing Ability

Muhammad Ishak(1*), Budiman Agung Pratama(2), Davi Sofyan(3),

(1) Makassar State University
(2) Nusantara PGRI Kediri University
(3) Majalengka University
(*) Corresponding Author




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26858/cjpko.v15i3.55411

Abstract


This researcher aims to determine the effect of arm strength, leg strength and body flexibility on underhand passing ability in volleyball. The population in this study were students of SMA Negeri 9 Makassar. A sample of 30 people was taken based on random sampling. The dependent variable of the research is volleyball underhand passing ability. The intervening variable is body flexibility. The independent variables are arm strength and leg strength. The research method is a descriptive method, with a path analysis research design. The research data were analyzed using correlation and regression techniques at a significance level of 95%. The results of the research show that: (1) There is a direct influence of arm strength on body flexibility in students (ß = 0.555 with a significance level of 0.001 < α 0.05). (2) There is a direct influence of leg strength on flexibility in students (ß = 0.407 with a significance level of 0.011 < α 0.05). (3) There is a direct influence of arm strength on underhand passing ability in volleyball among students (ß = 0.343 with a significance level of 0.018 < α 0.05). (4) There is a direct influence of leg strength on underhand passing ability in volleyball among students (ß = 0.266 with a significance level of 0.041 < α 0.05). (5) There is a direct influence of body flexibility on underhand passing ability in volleyball among students (ß = 0.390 with a significance level of 0.011 < α 0.05). (6) There is no influence of arm strength on the ability to pass down in volleyball through body flexibility in students (ß = 0.216 < 0.343). (7) There is no influence of leg strength on underhand passing ability in volleyball through body flexibility in students or a group of students (ß = 0.159 < 0.266).

Keywords


Arm Strength; Leg Strength; Body Flexibility; Underhand Passing; Volleyball.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abrasyi, R., Hernawan, Sujiono, B., & Dupri. (2018). Model Latihan Passing Bawah Bolavoli Pada Siswa Sekolah Menengah Pertama. Journal Sport Area, 3(2), 168–178. http://journal.unj.ac.id/unj/index.php/prosidingfik/article/view/10714

Afdi, R. B., Zulman, Z., & Asmi, A. (2019). Pengaruh Model Latihan Passing Terhadap Kemampuan Passing Bawah Dan Passing Atas Pemain Bolavoli. Sport Science, 19(1), 33–40. https://doi.org/10.24036/jss.v19i1.26

Atsani, M. R. (2020). Meningkatkan Kemampuan Passing Bawah Bolavoli Menggunakan Metode Bermain. Edu Sportivo, Indonesian Journal of Physical Education, 1(2), 88–96. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.25299/es:ijope.2020.vol1(2).5592

Baqer, S., & Bawono, M. N. (2019). Kontribusi Konsentrasi Terhadap Hasil Ketepatan Servis Atas Pada Peserta Ekstrakurikuler Bolavoli Putra SMPN 3 Madiun. Jurnal Kesehatan Olahraga, 7(2), 534–541. https://jurnalmahasiswa.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-kesehatan-olahraga/article/view/30216

Chan, F., & Indrayeni, Y. (2018). Meningkatkan Kemampuan Passing Bawah Dalam Permainan Bola Voli Melalui Pendekatan Tgfu Pada Siswi Kelas Viii Smp Negeri 11 Muaro Jambi. Journal Physical Education, Health and Recreation, 2(2), 186. https://doi.org/10.24114/pjkr.v2i2.9590

Devi, S., & Rifki, M. S. (2019). Pengaruh Metode Drills Under Simplified Conditions Terhadap Kemampuan Servis Atas Bolavoli Klub Gesimpo Pasaman Barat. Jurnal Stamina, 2(5), 87–92. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24036/jst.v2i5.355

Hambali, S. (2019). Implementasi Metode Bermain Dalam Pembelajaran Passing Bawah Bola Voli Di Sekolah Dasar. Perspektif Ilmu Pendidikan, 33(1), 27–32. https://doi.org/10.21009/pip.331.3

Hamzah, I., Ginanjar, A., & Setiawan, A. (2019). Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Jigsaw Terhadap Hasil Belajar Passing Bawah Bola Voli. Jurnal Kependidikan Jasmani dan Olahraga, 3(1), 58–63.

Haprabu, E. S. (2017). Upaya Meningkatkan Kemampuan Passing Bawah Bola Voli Dengan Menggunakan Media Bola Modifikasi Dan Permainan Sederhana Pada Siswa Kelas V SD Negeri Karang Turi Wonogiri Tahun Ajaran 2016/2017. Jurnal ilmiah SPIRIT, 17(1), 61–72.

Herman, H. (2019). Kontribusi Kondisi Fisik Terhadap Kemampuan Passing bawah bolavoli pada siswa Man 2 Kota Makassar. Exercise : Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 1(1), 34–48. https://doi.org/10.37289/exercise.v1i1.16

Ikadarny, I., & Karim, A. (2020). Kontribusi Koordinasi Mata Tangan, Kekuatan Otot Lengan, dan Keseimbangan Terhadap Kemampuan Passing Bawah Pada Permainan Bola Voli. Jendela Olahraga, 5(1), 65. https://doi.org/10.26877/jo.v5i1.4299

Jahrir, A. S. (2019). Kontribusi Kekuatan Otot Lengan, Koordinasi Mata Tangan Dan Panjang Lengan Terhadap Kemampuan Passing Bawah Bolavoli Siswa. Exercise : Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 1(1), 49–67. https://doi.org/10.37289/exercise.v1i1.22

Karim, D. A., Ginanjar, A., & Sugiyanto, D. (2017). Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Team Games Tournament Terhadap Teknik Dasar Passing Bawah Permainan Bola Voli. Jurnal Sains Keolahragaan dan Kesehatan, 2(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.5614/jskk.2017.2.1.1

Kasriadi, E., & Irawan, R. (2019). Modifikasi Bentuk Bermain Berpengaruh Terhadap Kemampuan Servis Atas Bolavoli. Jurnal Patriot, 1(3), 1053–1063. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24036/patriot.v1i3.374

Kusnadi, E., & Gani, R. A. (2020). Pembelajaran teknik passing bawah bola voli melalui pendekatan gaya mengajar komando. JPOS (Journal Power Of Sports), 50(February), 3–10.

Marsiyem, Destriana, & Pratama, R. R. (2018). Pengembangan Model Pembelajaran Servis Bawah Permainan Bola Voli. SEBATIK, 22(2), 161–166. https://jurnal.wicida.ac.id/index.php/sebatik/article/view/323

Partini, P. (2019). Penerapan Metode Drill untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Passing Bawah Bola Voli Siswa Kelas V Sekolah Dasar. JPI (Jurnal Pendidikan Indonesia): Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan, 5(1), 123–130. https://doi.org/10.20961/jpi.v5i1.33820

Pratiwi, E., & Prayogs, H. D. (2019). Analisis Kecepatan Reaksi Pada Atlet Bolavoli UNISKA. Riyadhoh. Jurnal Pendidikan Olahraga, 2(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/ttp://dx.doi.org/10.31602/rjpo.v2i1.2024

Rahmat, D., & Wahidi, R. (2018). Pengaruh Pembelajaran Passing Berpasangan Terhadap Keterampilan Passing Bawah Dalam Permainan Bola Voli. JUARA : Jurnal Olahraga, 3(2), 96. https://doi.org/10.33222/juara.v3i2.241

Rithaudin, A., & Hartati, B. S. (2016). Upaya Meningkatkan Pembelajaran Passing Bawah Permainan Bola Voli dengan Permainan Bola Pantul pada Siswa Kelas IV SD Negeri Glagahombo I Tempel Sleman Yogyakarta. Jurnal Pendidikan Jasmani Indonesia, 12(1), 51–57. https://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/jpji/article/download/10216/7937

Saputra, D. I. M., & Gusniar, G. (2019). Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar Passing Bawah Bola Voli melalui Bermain Melempar Bola. Gelanggang Olahraga: Jurnal Pendidikan Jasmani dan Olahraga (JPJO), 3(1), 64–73. https://doi.org/10.31539/jpjo.v3i1.862

Satria, M. H. (2019). Pengaruh Latihan Kekuatan Jari-Jari tangan Terhadap Peningkatan Kemampuan Passing Atas Dalam Permainan Bolavoli. Journal Sport Area, 4(1), 230–239. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.25299/sportarea.2019.vol4(1).2349

Subakti. (2017). Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Konstruktivisme Terhadap Ketepatan Servis Bawah Dalam Permainan Bolavoli Siswa. Jurnal Pendidikan Olahraga dan Kesehatan “GELORA,” 4(1), 54–61. https://e-journal.undikma.ac.id/index.php/gelora/article/view/565

Syarkowi. (2017). Upaya Meningkatkan Pembelajaran Servis Bawah Bolavoli Mini Melalui Modifikasi Pada Siswa Kelas V Sekolah Dasar Negeri 04 Rantau Alai. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 110(9), 1689–1699. https://semnas.univpgri-palembang.ac.id/index.php/semolga/article/download/110/114

Urahman, A., & Hidayat, A. (2019). Efektivitas Latihan Hand Grip dan Push Up Terhadap Passing Atas Bola Voli Siswa Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan Negeri 8 Palembang. Jurnal Olympia, 1(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.33557/jurnalolympia.v1i1.285

Utomo, R. B. (2019). Kontribusi Kekuatan Otot Lengan, Kecepatan Reaksi, dan Kelincahan Terhadap Passing Bawah Pada Permainan Bolavoli (Studi Pada Atlet Bolavoli Putera Universitas Negeri Surabaya). Jurnal Pendidikan Kepelatihan Olahraga FIK Unesa, 10(2), 1–14. https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-prestasi-olahraga/article/view/1294/942


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 45 times | PDF view : 33 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammad Ishak, Budiman Agung Pratama, Davi Sofyan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

COMPETITOR IS LICENSED BY :

 Creative Commons License COMPETITOR is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


COMPETITOR EDITORIAL LOCATION :

 width= Kampus FIK Banta Bantaeng, Jalan Wijaya Kusuma Nomor 14, Rappocini, Makassar, Postal Code 90222


COMPETITOR IS INDEXED BY