Literature Review: The Application of Virtual Reality Media to Increase Student Motivation and Learning Outcomes on Digestive System Material

St Syahirah(1), Riandi Riandi(2*), Hertien Koosbandiah Surtikanti(3),

(1) Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
(2) Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
(3) Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author



Abstract. The increasing demand for the use of technology in learning requires adjustments to the use of technology in learning. The learning process requires innovative media to increase learning motivation. One of the innovative learning media is virtual reality media. The application of VR media in learning provides many benefits, especially in material that is complex, abstract and cannot be observed directly, such as the digestive system material which discusses the digestive organs and bioprocesses that occur in the body. The purpose of this literature review is to determine the learning potential of using learning media in an effort to increase learning motivation and student learning outcomes on digestive system material. The research method used is a systematic literature review of several Scopus indexed articles published from 2018 to 2023 through content analysis. The results of the assessment study show that the use of virtual reality media in learning has great potential to increase student motivation and student learning outcomes in terms of cognitive, affective and psychomotor.

Keywords: virtual reality, learning motivation, learning outcome, digestive system.

Full Text:



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