Literature Review: The Use of Augmented Reality Learning Media Oriented Towards Science Process Skills to Enhance Student Understanding and Scientific Attitudes Towards Genetics

Rahmat Baharuddin(1), Hertien Koosbandiah Surtikanti(2*), Riandi Riandi(3),

(1) Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
(2) Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
(3) Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author



Abstract. Integrating technology in education may vary in many forms. Augmented reality is an technology-oriented learning media that integrating real and virtual world to enhance the realness of an object. Genetics topic has main area in cellular and molecular object, so it is hard to learn because student can not directly observe the topics’ object. Learning genetics need an indepth and comprehensive analysis. Learning method that integrating various scientific skills can guide student to learn by analyzing the concept. Scientific Process Skills (SPSs) method make learning become meaningful. This research is using literature review method to study the potential of using augmented reality as learning media to teach genetics topic. The results show that augmented reality as a learning media has a big potential to improve genetics topic teaching and learning while integrating SPSs based learning to improve students’ knowledge and scientific attitudes to make the learning process as a whole.

Keywords: augmented reality, genetics, science process skills, scientific attitudes.

Full Text:



Bapty, H. (2022). Must Introductory Genetics Start with Mendel?: Lessons from Two Unsuccessful Attempts to Revise the Genetics Curriculum. Science and Education, 32: 1677-1708.

Cakiroglu, U., Onurhan, G., & Esin, S. (2020). Flipping The Experimentation Process: Influences On Science Process Skills. Education Tech Research Dev, 68: 3425-3448.

Chakraborty, D., & Gillian, K. (2021). Inquiry Process Skills in Primary Science Textbooks: Authors and Publishers’ Intentions. Research in Science Education, 52: 1419-1433.

Ciloglu, T., & Ahmet, B. U. (2023). The Effects of Mobile AR based Biology Learning Experience on Students’ Motivation, Self‐Efficacy, and Attitudes in Online Learning. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 32: 309-337.

Dikici, A., Gokhan, O., & Douglas, B. C. (2018). The Relationship Between Demographic Variabels and Scientific Creativity: Mediating and Moderating Roles of Scientific Process Skills. Research in Science Education, 50: 2055-2079.

Dremaine, S., & Linda, D. (2020). Educational Potential of Augmented Reality Mobile Applications for Learning the Anatomy of the Human Body. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 26: 763-788.

Erbas, C., & Veysel, D. (2019). The Effects of Augmented Reality on Students Academic Achievement and Motivation in A Biology Course Motivation in A Biology Course. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 1-9.

Gnidovec, T., Mojca, Z., Andrea, D., & Gregor, T. (2020). Using Augmented Reality and the Structure–Behavior–Function Model to Teach Lower Secondary School Students about the Human Circulatory System. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 29: 774-784.

Isnaeni, W. Sujatmiko, Y. A., & Pujiasih, P. (2021). Analysis Of The Role Of Android-Based Learning Media in Learning Critical Thinking Skills and Scientific Attitude. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 10(4): 607-617.

Mantilla, S. A. A., Macababat, L. A., Nasayao, R. D. S., & Walag, A. M. P. (2023). Design, Development, And Evaluation Of Divtcell App: Gamifying Eukaryotic Cell Division And Its Effects On Academic Achievement. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 12(2): 199-207.

Marin, J. A., Jesus, L. B., Santiago, P. S., & Antonio, J. M. G. (2023). Attitudes Towards the Development of Good Practices with Augmented Reality in Secondary Education Teachers in Spain. Technology, Knowledge and Learning, 28: 1443-1459.

Mendikbudrisrek. (2020). Capaian Pembelajaran pada Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, Jenjang Pendidikan Dasar, dan Jenjang Pendidikan Menengah pada Kurikulum Merdeka. Jakarta: Mendikbudristek.

Mumba, F., Alexis, R., & Vivien, M. C. (2022). Representation of Science and Engineering Practices and Design Skills in Engineering Design Integrated Science Units Developed by Pre service Teachers. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 21: 439-461.

Peffer, M. E., Maggie, R., Patrick, E., & Jonathan, C. (2019). Mission to Planet Markle: Problem Based Learning for Teaching Elementary Students Difficult Content and Practices. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 51: 1365-1389.

Rahmi, R., Fitriati. & Siti, F. (2019). An Analysis Of Teachers’ Perceptions Toward The Role Of ICT Based Media In Teaching And Learning Process Among Primary Schools’ Teachers. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 7(3): 469-482.

Rizal, S., Putra, A. K., Suharto, Y., & Wirahayu, Y. A. (2022). Creative Thinking And Process Science Skill: Self-Organized Learning Environment On Watershed Conservation Material. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 11(4): 578-587.

Sahin, D., & Yilmaz, R. M. (2020). The Effect of Augmented Reality Technology on Middle School Students’ Achievements and Attitudes Towards Science Education. Computers & Eucation, 144.

Salar, R., Faruk, A., Seyma C., & Rabia, M. Y. (2020). A Model for Augmented Reality Immersion Experiences of University Students Studying in Science Education. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 29: 257-271.

Sundravalli, S. R. & Kokila, S. K. (2022). Scientific Attitude: An Overview. Pshygology and Education, 59(1): 150-158.

Stromme, T. A., & Sonja, M. M. (2020). Students’ Conceptual Sense-making of Animations and Static Visualizations of Protein Synthesis: a Sociocultural Hypothesis Explaining why Animations May Be Beneficial for Student Learning. Research in Science Education, 51: 1013-1038.

Tai, R. H., Ji, H. R., Angela, S. W., Katherine, P. D., John, T. A., & Adam, V. M. (2022). (Re-)Designing A Measure of Student’s Attitudes Toward Science: A Longitudinal Psychometric Approach. International Journal of STEM Education, 9:12.

Tanti., Kurniawan, D. A., Kuswanto., Utami, W., & Wardhana I. (2020). Science Process Skills and Critical Thinking in Science: Urban and Rural Disparity. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 9(4): 489-498.

Toma, R. B., & Greca, I. M. (2018). The Effect of Integrative STEM Instruction on Elementary Students’ Attitudes toward Science. EURASIA Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 14(4): 1383-1395.

Walan, S. (2020). Embracing Digital Technology in Science Classrooms-Secondary School Teachers’ Enacted Teaching and Reflections on Practice. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 29: 431-441.

Zudaire, I., & Maria, N. F. (2020). Exploring the Conceptual Challenges of Integrating Epigenetics in Secondary-Level Science Teaching. Research in Science Education, 51: 957-974.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 84 times | PDF view : 26 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Rahmat Baharuddin, Hertien Koosbandiah Surtikanti, Riandi Riandi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Published By:

Biology Department 

Mathematic and Science Faculty
State University of Makassar

Contact Person

Arsad Bahri
Biology Department, Mathematics and Science Faculty
Universitas Negeri Makassar
Jl. Daeng Tata Raya, Parang Tambung, 90224 Makassar, Indonesia
Hp: +62813-3450-3202


 Flag Counter


Creative Commons License
Journal Biology Teaching and Learning is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.