Analyzing the Students’ Errors in Writing Procedure Text

Nur Malikul Mulki R(1), Sahril Nur(2*), La Sunra(3),

(1) Universitas Negeri Makassar
(2) Universitas Negeri Makassar
(3) Universitas Negeri Makassar
(*) Corresponding Author


The aims of this research include: (1) to identify the types of errors made by 12th grade of the students SMKN 2 Gowa in writing procedure text, (2) to find out the source of error, (3) to provide suggestions to avoid or reduce errors. This research used descriptive qualitative method. The instrument used in collecting the data were writing test and interview. The population of this research was the 12th grade of the students SMAN 2 Gowa culinary art major. The subject was population which consisted of 43 students. In analyzing the data, the researcher found that the students’ errors in writing a procedure text. The types of errors discovered, namely verb tenses, sentence structure, connector, passive construction, subject-verb agreement, word order, articles, diction, mechanics, and unclear idea. The sources of errors include Inter-lingual, Intra-lingual transfer, context learning, and communicative strategy. The suggestions to discover the errors in writing procedure texts were about method of teaching, material, and motivation.

Full Text:



Brown, H.D. (2007). Principles of language learning and teaching. Prentice-Hall Inc.

Byrn, D. (1988). Teaching writing skills. London: Longman Singapore Publisher.

Dulay, H., Burt M., & Krashern, S. (1982). Language two. Oxford University.

Harmer, Jeremy. (2001). The practice of English language teaching. (3rd Ed). Longman.

Kemendikbud. (2018). Permendikbud No. 37 tentang kompetensi inti dan kompetensi dasar pelajaran pada kurikulum 2013 pada pendidikan dasar dan pendidikan menengah. Kemendikbud.

M. Asfah Rahman, M. N., & Asfah, I. (2017). Revisiting the Linguistic Errors in the Writing of the Students Majoring in English. 2nd International Conference on Education, Science, and Technology (p. 158). Makassar: Atlantis Press.

Subini, N. (2012). Psikologi pembelajaran. Yogyakarta: Mentari Pustaka.

Tizazu, Y. (2014). A Linguistic Analysis of Errors in Learners' Compositions: The Case of Arba Minch University Students. International Journal of English Language and Linguistics Research, 98-99.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 633 times | PDF view : 68 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Excelence in English Language Education

Editorial Office

Journal of Excellence in English Language Education (JoEELE), Faculty of Languages and Literature Universitas Negeri Makassar


address icon red

 Jalan Malengkeri Raya, Makassar, 90224 Kampus UNM Parangtambung, Indonesia  
  [email protected] 
   081353988845 (Chief Editor) 

JoEELE is Indexed by Google Scholar and Cross Reference

Address: Department of English Language Office, DC Building, UNM Parangtambung Campus, Daeng Tata Raya Street, Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia