Strategi Pembentukan Sikap Disiplin Warga Negara Muda Melalui Persekolahan

Mariyani Mariyani - [ ]
Abdul Gafur



The formation of discipline attitude becomes the actualization of personal character on young citizens. Discipline attitude must be formed by some parties includes school. Discipline attitude is important to be formed on young citizens since some researches show that one of the indicator of successful education lies on the citizens’ discipline level. Besides, the lack of discipline is one of the causes which make someone do things against the existed moral values. Discipline attitude is an attitude which shows obedience toward the existed rules thoughtfully, with no pressure, embedded and become behavior. The aim of this research is to find out the strategy formation of young citizens’ discipline attitude through schooling. The method used in this research is library research. This research will discuss 1) discipline attitude urgency; 2) strategy formation on young citizens’ through school culture development by doing exemplary habituation, spontaneous habituation, routine and conditioning habituation; 3) strategy formation of young citizens’ attitudes through maintaining class atmosphere which is conducive and encouraging for the students. So, it will be easier for the teacher and the students collaboratively form the good class atmosphere, and; 4) strategy formation of discipline attitude through boarding school program.


strategy; through schooling; young citizens’ discipline attitudes

Full Text:



Altaf, M. (2015). Exploring classroom environment through perception. An overview of various inventories. International Journal of Novel Research in Education and Learning, 2, pp: 23-32

Craig, C. J. (2009). Research in the midst of organized school reform: Versions of teacher community in tension. American Educational Research Journal, 46(2), pp: 598-619.

Darmawan, Hendra. (2015). A model of character education as reflected in fuady’s the land of five towers. International Journal on Studies in English Language and Literature (IJSELL. 3(8). Pp:16-22. ISSN 2347-3126 (Print) & ISSN 2347-3134 (Online)

De Jong, Romi, Jan van Tartwijk, Theo Wubbels, Ietje Veldman & Nico Verloop (2013). Student teachers’ discipline strategies: relations with self-images, anticipated student responses and control orientation, Educational Studies, 39 (5), pp: 582-597

De Wit, D. J., Offord, D. R., Sanford, M., Rye, B. J., Shain, M., & Wright, R. (2000). The effect of school culture on adolescent behavioral problems: self-esteem, attachment to learning, and peer approval of deviance as mediating mechanisms. Canadian Journal of Sport Psychology, 16, pp: 15–38

Fathurahman, Pupuh. (2012) “Model of the character education in developing countries” Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 8(3), pp: 1813-1816

Gage, Nicholas A. (2016). Student perceptions of school culture as predictors of office discipline referrals. American Educational Research Journal. 53(3), pp: 492-515

Ghorbani, Somayeh, et al (2013). Investigating the effect of positive discipline on the learning process and its achieving strategies with focusing on the students' abilities. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences. 3(5), pp: 305-314

Grant, Barbara. (1997). Disciplining students: the construction of student subjectivities. British journal of sociology of education 18(1), pp: 101-114

Hall, G., & Hord, S. (2015). Implementing change patterns, principles, and potholes (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Person Education.

Harian Jurnal Asia, diakses 1 Januari 2017, pukul. 10 46 WIB dari https://www.

Hayah. (2016). Character education in islamic boarding school and the implication to students’ attitude and critical thinking skills on biodiversity learning. Journal of Physics. 1(7). pp: 1-16 Doi:10.1088/1742-6596/755/1/011001

Hojjat, Mahmoudi. H, Brown R., Saribagloo A, et. al. (2015). The role of school and basic psychological Nedds on Iranian Adolescents Academic Alienation: A Multi-Level Examination. Youth and society, pp: 1-21

Hongboontri, C., & Keawkhong, N. (2014). School Culture: Teachers' Beliefs, Behaviors, and Instructional Practices. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 39(5), pp: 1-12

Jurasaite-Harbinson, E. & Rex, L. A. (2010). School cultures as contexts for informal teacher learning. Teaching and Teacher Education, 26(1), pp: 267-277

Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan (2017). Pedoman penguatan karakter. Jakarta: Kemendikbud.

Kleinasser, R. C. (2013). Language teachers: research and studies in language(s) education, teaching, and learning in Teaching and Teacher Education, 1985-2012. Teaching and Teacher Education, 29, pp: 86-96

Maksudin, (2013). Pendidikan karakter non-Dikotomik. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar

Mansyur dkk. (2011). Pedoman pelaksanaan pendidikan karakter (Berdasarkan pengalaman Satuan Pendidikan Rintisan). Jakarta: Kementrian Pendidikan Nasional Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pusat Kurikulum dan Perbukuan.

Martin j. Andrew, Ginss, paul, Liem, D. Arief Gregory. (2014). Boarding school, academic motivation and engagement, and psychological well-being: large scale investigation. American educational research journal. 51(5), pp 1007-1049

Muhammad, A. (2009). Transforming school culture: how to overcome staff division. Blommington, IN: Solution Tree Press.

Nasution, (2005). Berbagai pendekatan dalam proses belajar dan mengajar. Jakarta: PT Bumi Aksara.

Osher, et. al (2010) How can we improve school discipline?” Educational Researcher, 39(1), pp: 48–58

Rachman, Maman. (2008). Manajemen kelas, Jakarta: Depdiknas

Rickwood Greg (2013). School culture and physical activity: A systematic review. Journal of Educational Administration and Policy. 1 (43), pp: 1-21

Roache, J. E., and R. Lewis. (2011). “The carrot, the stick, or the relationship: what are the effective disciplinary strategies?” European Journal of Teacher Education 34, pp: 233–248

Rubie, Davies., Asil, Mustafa., Teo, Timothy. (2016). Assessing measurement invariance of the student personal perception of classroom climate across different ethnic groups. Journal of Psychoeducational Assesment. 34 (5), pp: 442-460

Rubie-Davies, C. M. (2015). Becoming a high expectation teacher: Raising the bar. London, England: Routledge

Schein, E. H. (2010). Organizational culture and leadership (4th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey Bass.

Shane, Erik,. et. al. (2008). Military boarding school perspectives of parental choice: a qualitative inquiry. Journal of School Choice: International Research and Reform. 2(2), pp: 178-198

Sjarkawi. (2011). Pembentukan kepribadian anak: peran moral, intelektual, emosional dan sosial sebagai wujud integritas membangun jati diri. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara

Sukadari, Suyata dan Shodiq A. Kuntoro. (2015). Penelitian etnografi tentang budaya sekolah dalam pendidikan karakter di sekolah dasar. Jurnal pembangunan pendiidkan. 3(1), pp: 59-68

Tribun News Aceh, diakses 15 Januari 2017, pukul. 14.00 WIB dari https://www.

Unaradjan, Dolet, 2003. Manajemen disiplin. Jakarta: PT Gramedia.

Westhuizen, Philip C., Oousthuizen, I., Wolhuter,. C. (2008). The relationship between an effective organizational culture and student discipline in a boarding school. Education and urabn society. 4(2), pp: 205-225

Wiyani, Novan, Ardy. (2010). Prosedur penelitian suatu pendekatan praktik. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 8 times
PDF - 0 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Publikasi Pendidikan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Free counters! Creative Commons License
Publikasi Pendidikan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. All published articles have been scanned with plagiarism prevention software. Articles that have been published are not a reflection of the attitudes and opinions of journals, editors and reviewers. The responsibility of the article content and or the result of writing including plagiarism is entirely in the author.