Steffira Anjani(1*), Eka Gatari(2),

(1) Universitas Indonesia
(2) Universitas Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author



Personality traits (openness and conscientiousness) were found to play a major role to improve innovative work behavior. However, the relationship between the two variables cannot be fully understood because of the rule of tenure as the moderator. In order to provide greater clarity, researcher wants to examine the effects of openness and conscientiousness on innovative work behavior and how the dynamic of moderating effects of tenure on the associations between traits and innovative work behavior among startup employees. Researcher has conducted a cross-sectional study on 105 startup employees. The results showed that openness and conscientiousness personality traits influenced the innovative work behavior, but there was no moderation effect of tenure to be found. Findings of this research can increase theoretical understanding and also can be used by startup companies in the recruitment and selection process to select employees who have the characteristics of openness and conscientiousness with high potential to innovate.


Conscientiousness,Openness, Innovative Work Behaviour, Tenure

Full Text:



Amabile, T.M. (1988). A model of creativity and innovation in organizations. Research in Organizational Behaviour, 10, 123-167.

Areitio, A. (2016). From idea to scaleup: Startup stages, understanding the milestones at every stage toward success. Retrieved from

Bhaskara, I. (2016). Mengapa FoodPanda dan beberapa startup lain gagal?. Retrieved from

Bussgang, J. (2017). Are you suited for a start-up?. Retrieved from

Costa, P.T. & McCrae, R.R. (1992). Normal personality assessment in clinical practice: The NEO

personality inventory. Psychological Assessment, 4, 5-13.

Dhar, R.L. (2015), The effects of high performance human resource practices on service innovative

behaviour. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 51, 67-75.

Deen, A. (2017). What traits should you look for in your startup’s first employees? Retrieved from

George, J. M. & Zhou, J. (2001). When openness to experience and conscientiousness are related to creative behavior: An interactional approach. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86, 513-524.

Hammond, M.M., Neff, N.L., Farr, J.L., Schwall, A.R., & Zhao, X. (2011), Predictors of individual-level innovation at work: A meta-analysis. American Psychological Association. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 5, 90-105.

Hsieh, H., Hsieh, J., & Wang, I. (2011). Linking personality and innovation: The role of knowledge management. World Transactions on Engineering and Technology Education, 9, 38-41.

Janssen, O. (2000). Job demands, perceptions of effort-reward fairness and innovative work behavior. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Pychology, 73, 287-302.

Judge, T.A., Rodell, J.B., Klinger, R.L., Simon, L.S., & Crawford, E.R. (2013). Hierarchical

representations of the five-factor model of personality in predicting job performance: Integrating

three organizing frameworks with two theoretical perspectives. The Journal of Applied

Psychology, 98, 875-925. 10.1037/a0033901

Kumar, K., & Bakshi, A. (2010). The five factor model of personality and organizational commitment: Is there any relationship? Humanity and Social Sciences Journal, 5, 25-34.

Kundu, A. & Roy, D.D. (2016). Innovative work behaviour of school teachers: role of belief for innovative and personality patterns. Journal of Organization and Human Behavior, 5 (1), 10.21863/johb/2016.5.1.024

Munir, R., & Beh, L. (2016). Do Personality traits matter in fostering innovative work behavior? The Social Sciences, 11, 4393-4398. 10.3923/sscience.2016.4393.4398

Ng, T.W., & Feldman, D.C. (2013), A meta-analysis of the relationships of age and tenure with

innovation-related behaviour. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 86, 585-616.

Niu, H.J. (2014). Is innovation behaviour congential? Enhancing job satisfaction as a moderator. Personnel Review, 43, 288-301.

Patel, N. (2015). 90% of startups fail: Here’s what you need to know about the 10%. Retrieved from

Patterson, F. & Zibarras, L.D. (2016). Selecting for creativity and innovation potential: Implications for practice in healthcare education. Advances in Health Sciences Education, 22, 417-428.

Perkins, D. N. (1986). Thinking frames. Educational Leadership, 43,


Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., Lee, J., & Podsakoff, N. P. (2003). Common method biases in behavioral research: A critical review literature and recommended remedies. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 879-903.

Potsangbam, C. (2017). Adaptive performance in VUCA era – where is research doing?.International Journal of Management,8, 99-108.

Raja, U., & Johns, G. (2010). The joint effects of personality and job scope on in-role performance citizenship behaviors, and creativity, Human Relations, 63, 981-1005.

Raghuramapatruni, R. & Kosuri S. (2017). The straits of success in a VUCA world. Journal of Business and Management, 16-22.

Ramdhani, N. (2012). Adaptasi bahasa dan budaya inventori Big Five. Jurnal Psikologi, 39, 189-207.

Salamzadeh, A., & Kesim, H. K. (2015). Startup companies: Life cycle and challenges. Proceedings from EEE: The 4th International Conference on Employment, Education, and Entrepreneurship. Belgia: Serbia.

Thoresen, C.J., Bradley, J.C., Bliese, P.D., & Thoresen, J.D. (2004), The Big Five personality traits and

individual job performance growth trajectories in maintenance and transitional job stages.

Journal of Applied Psychology, 89, 835-853,

Start Up Ranking. (2018). Startups ranking per country. Retrieved from

Wang, H., Begley, T., Hui. C., & Cynthia, L. (2012). Are the effects of conscientiousness on the contextual and innovative performance context specific? Organizational culture as a moderator. The International Journal Of Human Resource Management, 23, 174-189.

Woods, S.A., Lievens, F., De Fruyt, F. & Wille, B. (2013). Personality across working life: The longitudinal and reciprocal influences of personality on work. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 34(S1), S7-S25.

Woods, S.A., Mustafa, M.J., Anderson, N., & Sayer, B. (2018). Innovative work behavior and personality traits: Examining the moderating effects of organizational tenure. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 33, 29-42.

Yesil, S., & Sozbilir, F. (2013). An empirical investigation into the impact of personality on individual innovation behavior in the workplace. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 28, 540-551

Zhou, J., & Oldham, G.R. (2001), Enhancing creative performance: effects of expected developmental

assessment strategies and creative personality. The Journal of Creative Behaviour, 35, 151-167.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 1175 times | PDF view : 226 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Steffani Anjani

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Published By:

Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Negeri Makassar

Gedung BM Lantai 2 Kampus Gunungsari Baru,

Jalan A.P. Pettarani, Makassar 90222.


p-ISSN : 2460-8750

e-ISSN : 2615-1731

View My Stats