Antok Risaldi(1*),

(1) Universitas Negeri Malang
(*) Corresponding Author

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26858/retorika.v16i1.37111


This study examines the choice of personal pronouns made by pedophiles in interactions in e-mail. The main focus of this study is to determine who is downloaded by the two pedophiles, namely JON and ZEE when using personal pronouns and compare the use by the two pedophiles. The data of this research is in the form of conversations involving both pedophiles in interactions in electronic mail. Data collection is done through non-participating observation techniques which are suitable for observing activities that are not possible to be involved in. The data obtained from observations in the form of screenshots of the conversations of the two pedophiles in the telegram group were then stored in the data folder. The analysis of the use of personal pronouns in this study uses Fairclough's critical discourse analysis (CDA) dimension model in the form of description, interpretation, and explanation. The results showed that the use of personal pronouns in the interaction of the two pedophiles in electronic mail had a significant difference. The findings of this study indicate that the perpetrators of ZEE crimes use the words of the first and third people which are the most dominant compared to the perpetrators of JON crimes. The dominance of the use of first person pronouns by criminals as evidenced by the use of the words I, I, and we. For the use of the second person pronouns used in the form of you, while the use of the third person pronouns in the form of he and they. The conclusion of this study is that using personal pronouns in pedophile interactions in electronic mail has power in various forms


critical discourse analysis (CDA); pedophiles; power; use of personal pronouns

Full Text:



Ali, M.K., Anne A.C., Munif, Z. F. B. (2011). Pronouns and Ideology in Newspaper Discourse. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature, 6(3), 168–179.

Argamon, S., Moshe, K., James, P., and Jonathan, S. (2009). Automatically profiling the author of an anonymous text. Communications of the ACM, 52(2), 119–123.

Blommaert, J dan Bulcaen, C. (2000). Critical Discourse Analysis. Annual Review of Anthropology, 29(1), 447–466.

Chilton, P & Schäffner, C. (1997). Discourse and politics. In T. A. van Dijk (Ed.) (Discourse Studies: A Multidisciplinary Introduction). SAGE. In Discourse as social interaction: discourse as social interactions (Vol. 2, pp. 206–230).

Collins, C. (1990). English Grammar. Collins ELT.

Dahnilsyah. (2017). The Implied Power through the Use of Personal Pronouns in Obama’s Speeches. International Journal of Educational Best Practices (IJEBP), 1(2), 59–71.

Fairclough, N., Mulderrig, J., & Wodak, R. (2011). In T. van Dijk (Ed.). In Discourse studies: A multidisciplinary introduction (2nd ed.,. In Critical discourse analysis. Sage.

Fairclough, N. (1989). Language and power. Longman.

Fairclough, N. L. (2003). Analyzing Discourse: Textual Analysis For Social Research. Amazon.

Håkansson, J. (2012). The Use of Personal Pronouns In Political Speeches: A Comparative Study of The Pronominal Choices of Two American Presidents (Lecture notes). Linnaeus University, Småland, Sweden.

Hala El Saj. (2012). Discourse Analysis: Personal Pronouns in Oprah Winfrey Hosting Queen Rania of Jordan. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, 2(6), 529–532.

Hasan, J. . (2013). A Linguistic Analysis of In-group and out-group Pronouns in Hosni Mubarak’s Speech. Journal of Basrah Researches (Humanities Series), 38(2), 5–24.

Hlioui, A. (2020). A Cognitive and Systemic Functional Approach of The Use of Personal Pronouns In Legal Discourse: Life Insurance Contracts and Court Hearings As a Case Study. International Journal of Speech Language and The Law, 27(1), 99–101.

KPAI. (2018). FBI Sebut Angka Pedofilia Indonesia Tertinggi di Asia, KPAI Protes. Diambil 8 Agustus 2021, dari KPPAI website.

Lai, T. T., & Reduzan, N. H. B. (2013). Personal Pronoun in Chinese Language and Malay Language: A Contrastive Analysis. PENDETA, 4, 162–179.

Orvig, A.S., Hayde´e, M., Aliyah, M., Rouba, H., Jocelyne, Leber-Marin e, J. P. (2009). Dialogical Beginnings Of Anaphora: The use of third person pronouns before the age of 3. Journal of Pragmatics 3046, 1–24.

Ostermann, A. C. (2003). Localizing Power and Solidarity: Pronoun Alternation at An All-Female Police Station and A Feminist Crisis Intervention Center in Brazil. Language in Society, 32(3), 351–381.

Reynoldsa, T., Chuck, H., Hallgeir, S., Luke, Z., Tyler G. O., Roy F. B., Karl, A., dan J. K. (2020). Man Up and Take It: Gender Bias in Moral Typecasting. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 161, 120–141. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.obhdp.2020.05.002.

Rogers, R. (2011). An Introduction to Critical Discourse Analysis in Education Second Edition. Taylor & Francis.

Santoso, A. (2012). Studi Bahasa Kritis: Menguak Bahasa Membongkar Kuasa. Mandar Maju.

Slembrouck, S. (2001). Explanation, Interpretation and Critique in The Analysis of Discourse. Critique of Anthropology, 21, 3–57.

Van Dijk, T. (2002). Critical Discourse Studies: A Socio Cognitive Approach. Sage.

Wahyuningsih, S. (2018). A Discourse Analysis Personal Pronouns in Donald Trump’s Inauguration Speech. 2nd English Language and Literature International Conference (ELLiC).

Wodak, R. (1989). `Introduction’, in R. Wodak (ed.). In In Language, Power and Ideology (pp. 1–9). Benjamins.

Yilei, W dan Dezheng, W. (2021). History, Modernity, and City Branding in China: A Multimodal Critical Discourse Analysis of Xi’an’s Promotional Videos on Social Media. Social Semiotics. Retrieved from. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/10350330.2020.1870405.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 200 times | PDF view : 61 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 ANTOK RISALDI

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Published by:

Department of Indonesian Language, Faculty of Languages and Literature, Universitas Negeri Makassar in cooperate with Asosiasi Dosen Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia (ADOBSI) and Ikatan Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia (IKAPROBSI).

Address: Department of Indonesian Language Office, DG Building Second Floor, UNM Parangtambung, Daeng Tata Raya Street, Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Email: [email protected]

e-ISSN 2614-2716

p-ISSN 2301-4768

Indexed by:

Creative Commons License
RETORIKA: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra,dan Pengajarannya is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.