Pengembangan Tes Diagnostik Multi Representasi Eksternal (MRE) untuk Mengetahui Profil Kemampuan Representasi Konsep

Susanti Septrida Silaen(1*), Debora Natalia Sudjito(2), Marmi Sudarmi(3),

(1) Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana
(2) Pendidikan Fisika, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana
(3) Pendidikan Fisika, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Permasalahan yang teridentifikasi ialah kemampuan siswa dalam memahami konsep fisika yang beragam. Oleh karena itu tes diagnostik MRE dijadikan salah satu alternatif untuk mengatasi masalah tersebut. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengetahui profil kemampuan representasi konsep siswa dengan melihat bentuk representasi apa saja yang dapat disajikan siswa dan bagaimana  kemampuan siswa dalam merepresentasikan konsep GLBB dalam format verbal, matematis, dan grafik di SMA Kristen Satya Wacana. Sampel penelitian adalah siswa kelas X yang berjumlah 25 orang. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian kualitatif dan instrumen yang digunakan berupa soal uraian sebanyak 15 butir soal. Data penelitian diperoleh berdasarkan jawaban siswa yang dinilai berdasarkan rubrik penilaian yang berpedoman pada rubrik multiple representation yang dikembangkan oleh The Rutgers Physics and Astronomy Education (PAER). Hasil Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebesar 64% siswa mampu merepresentasikan konsep secara verbal dan matematis, sebesar 8% siswa mampu merepresentasikan konsep secara verbal dan grafik, dan sebesar 28% siswa mampu merepresentasikan konsep secara matematis, verbal, dan grafik

 

Kata kunciTes Diagnostik, Multi Representasi Eksternal, Kemampuan Representasi Konsep

 

 Abstract

The problem identified is the ability of students to understand diverse physics concepts. Therefore multiple external representation diagnostic test is used as an alternative to overcome this problem. The purpose of the research was to find out the profile of students 'representation ability by looking at what forms of representation students could give and how students' ability to represent the GLBB concept in verbal, mathematical, and graphic formats at Satya Wacana Christian High School. The research sample was 25 grade X students. The type of research used is qualitative research and the instruments used are in the form of a description of 15 items. The research data was obtained based on students' answers which were assessed based on the assessment rubric which was guided by the multiple representation rubric developed by The Rutgers Physics and Astronomy Education (PAER). The research showed that 64% of students were able to represent concepts verbally and mathematically, 8% of students were able to represent concepts verbally and graphically, and 28% of students were able to represent concepts mathematically, verbally, and graphically.

KeywordsDiagnostic Test, Multiple External Representation, Concept Representation Ability


Full Text:

PDF

References


Djemari Mardapi. (1999). Estimasi kesalahan pengukuran dalam bidang pendidikan dan implementasinya pada ujian nasional. Yogyakarta: Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.

Prain, V. & Wadrip, B.G. 2007. An Exploratory Study of Teachers’ and Students’ Use of Multi-Modal Representations of Concepts Primary Science. International Journal of Science Educations. 28 (15) 1843-1866.

Waldrip, B, dkk. (2006). “an Exploratory Study of Teachers’ and Students’ Use of Multi-modal Representations of Concepts in Primary Science” International Journal of Science Education. 28, (15), 1843-1896

Ainsworth, S. 1999. “The Functions of Multiple Representations”. Computers & Education, 33, 131-152. [Online] Tersedia: http://www.cs.pitt.edu/chopin/references/tig/ainsworth.pdf. [18september 2018]

Ainsworth, S. 2006. “DeFT: A conceptual framework for considering learning with multiple representations ”. Learning & Instructions, 16, 183-19

Ainsworth, S.”The Educational Value of Multiple -representations when Learning Complex Scientific Concepts. Theory and Practice in Science Educations, 191-208

Mahardika, I.K. 2012. Model Inkuiri Untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Representasi Verbal dan Matematis Pada Pembelajaran Fisika di SMA. Jurnal Pembelajaran Fisika, ISSN NO. 2301-9794

Rizky, Tomo, Haratua (2014). Kemampuan Multirepresentasi Siswa SMA dalam Menyelesaikan Soal-Soal Hukum Newton. [Online]. http://jurnal.untan.ac.id/index.php/jpdpb/article/view/6733Suhandi, A. (2012). Pendekatan Multi Representasi Dalam Pembelajaran Usaha-Energi dan Dampak Terhadap Pemahaman Konsep Mahasiswa.

Hwang, et al. (2007). Multiple Representation Skills and Creativity Effects on Mathematical Problem Solving using a Multimedia Whiteboard System.

Kohl, P.B., Rosengrant, D., & Finkelstein, N. D. 2007. Strongly and weekly directed approach to teaching multiple representation use in physics. Physical Review Special Topics-Physics Education Research. 3, 010108

Hughes, A. (2003). Testing for language teacher. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Dolin, J. (2001). Representational form in physics. In D. Psillos, P. Kariotoglou, V. Tselfes, G. Bisdikian, G. Fassoulopoulos, E. Hatzikraniotis, E. Kallery (Eds.). Science education research in the knowledge-based society. Proceedings of the Third International Conference of the ESERA (pp. 359-361)

Scaife. M., & Rogers. Y. (1996). External Cognition: How do graphical representation work? International Journal of Human-Computer Studies. 45(2). 185-213.

Suhandi, A. (2012). Pendekatan Multi Representasi Dalam Pembelajaran Usaha-Energi dan Dampak Terhadap Pemahaman Konsep Mahasiswa.

Sutopo, dkk. 2012. Impact Of Representational Approach On The Improvement Of Students’ Understanding Of Acceleration. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia. 8 151-173

Ulfarina, L. (2011). Penggunaan Pendekatan Multi Representasi pada Pembelajaran Konsep Gerak untuk Meningkatkan Pemahaman Konsep dan Memperkecil Kuantitas Miskonsepsi Siswa SMP

Schwonke, R, dkk. (2009). “How Multiple External Representations Are Used and How They Can Be Made More Useful” International Journal. 23: 1227-




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26858/publikan.v9i2.8477

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 90 times | PDF view : 1 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Susanti Septrida Silaen

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Publikasi Pendidikan : Jurnal Pemikiran, Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat Bidang Pendidikan

ISSN 2548-6721 (online), ISSN 2088-2092 (print)
Email: [email protected]

Free counters!

 Creative Commons License
Publikasi Pendidikan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.