Gloria Mayen Umukoro(1*), Veronica Ebi Odey(2), Mamina Mba Ndifon(3),

(1) University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria
(2) University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria
(3) University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria
(*) Corresponding Author



This research focuses on the impact of migration on the Cultural identity of Francophones in the diaspora. It explores the fascinating role of Culture and identity in national and regional integration. Examining the experiences of francophone immigrants from the diaspora, the study shows how ‘otherness’ affects immigrants’ capability to self-assert and adapt to reclaim their Africaness in the homeland. Two sets of immigrants are presented; the forced immigrant (Slavery), with a forced culture and the liberal immigrant, with liberal culture. Drawing from interviews, and individual experiences, the study emphasises the role of the immigrant, the community and the institutions in successful cultural integration in the homeland.


Migration; Otherness; Inclusion; Homeland

Full Text:



Braithwaite, B. (2020). Ideologies of linguistic research on small sign languages in the global South: A Caribbean perspective. Language & Communication, 74, 182–194.

Gao, B. W., Zhang, H., & Decosta, P. L. (2012). Phantasmal destination: A Post-modernist Perspective. Annals of Tourism Research, 39(1), 197–220.

Lochmann, A., Rapoport, H., & Speciale, B. (2019). The effect of language training on immigrants’ economic integration: Empirical evidence from France. European Economic Review, 113, 265–296.

Love, N. (2009). Science, language and linguistic culture. Language & Communication, 29(1), 26–46.

Malenkina, N., & Ivanov, S. (2018). A linguistic analysis of the official tourism websites of the seventeen Spanish Autonomous Communities. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, 9, 204–233.

Scherrer, C. P. (2008). Prevention of Violent Conflict by Structural Accommodation (L. B. T.-E. of V. Kurtz Peace, & Conflict (Second Edition) (ed.); pp. 1725–1781). Academic Press.

Trudell, B. (2012). Of gateways and gatekeepers: Language, education and mobility in francophone Africa. International Journal of Educational Development, 32(3), 368–375.

Umukoro, G. M., & Ohanyere, L. (2020). French is not my Language”: Reactions by Foreign Language Learners in Africa. Lwati: A Journal of Contemporary Research, 17(2), 122–142.

Vandeyar, S. (2012). Immigrant students’ shifting identifications in South African schools. International Journal of Educational Development, 32(2), 232–240.

Vigouroux, C. B. (2005). ‘There are no Whites in Africa’: Territoriality, language, and identity among Francophone Africans in Cape Town. Language & Communication, 25(3), 237–255.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 223 times | PDF view : 19 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.