Penggunaan Pupuk Organik untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Tanaman Cabai Kelompok Tani di Kabupaten Minahasa

Jacklin Stella Salome Manoppo(1*), Ernest Hanny Sakul(2), Marlina Karundeng(3),

(1) Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas MIPA, Universitas Negeri Manado
(2) Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas MIPA, Universitas Negeri Manado
(3) Jurusan Kimia, Fakultas MIPA Universitas Negeri Manado
(*) Corresponding Author



Abstract


After doing observations and surveys in Paslaten Village, Remboken District, it was found that many
fields or former rice fields which are no longer effective by the owner's farm. Therefore, the fields become idle land
and have the potential to be no longer productive, and currently only become a place to bind livestock. Moreover,
there are many wastes, especially organic waste as a result of the daily activities of community life in Paslaten
Village. One type of organic waste found is chicken manure, which if it is not reused, it will cause an environmental
pollution. Thus, it is better to manage the waste into organic fertilizer. Paslaten Village, Remboken District, there
are Masawangan and Pinaesaan farmer groups who have tried to plant chili plants in the traditional way according to
the local wisdom in their village. Nevertheless, the production of chili crops is still lacking. As a result, a training is
needed to be carried out in order to increase the production of chili crops. The necessity for the application of
agricultural technology that is required by this farmer groups is the use of effective microorganisms (EM4) as
biological agents that can accelerate the decomposition process of chicken manure into quality organic fertilizer. It
is combined with black silver plastic mulch technology and integrated pest control using bio-pesticides, with a target
to increase the production and quality of chili plants. The first crop yield which was obtained by the farmer groups
was Nirmala variety chili. It has sharp fruit, 4 x 0.8 cm, spicy, shiny red color and can be harvested at the age of 80-
85 days after planting (DAP). The average weight of chili per plants are 0.5 - 1.0 kg per plant, with weights per fruit
ranging from 2-3 grams and potential crops are 8-12 tons/ ha.


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