PANOPTIKON AGAMA SEBAGAI PENOLAKAN DAN KEKERASAN TERHADAP KAUM LGBT DI KOTA MAKASSAR

Andi Yosi Adiwisastra Pasca Agustang(1*), Andi Dody May Putra Agustang(2), Darma Jaya Syahrudin(3), Nurthasya Fitriana(4),

(1) Alumni Program Pasca Sarjana, Pendidikan Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial, Universitas Negeri Makassar
(2) Prodi Pendidikan Sosiologi, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Hukum, Universitas Negeri Makassar
(3) Prodi Pendidikan IPS, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Hukum, Universitas Negeri Makassar
(4) Prodi Pendidikan Sosiologi, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Hukum, Universitas Negeri Makassar
(*) Corresponding Author




DOI: https://doi.org/10.56680/slj.v4i3.53931

Abstract


This research aims to analyse 1) The panopticon as a religion that discloses the minds and bodies of dominant actors who reject LGBT people. 2) Forms of violence against LGBT people in the name of religion. 3) The resistance of LGBT people to their rejection. To achieve these goals, this research uses Foucault's Panopticon theory, Lacan's Psychoanalysis theory, Galtung's violence theory and Bulter's Performativity theory. This research method is qualitative-descriptive. Data collection techniques include observation, interviews and documentation and are analysed using data reduction techniques, data presentation, and conclusion drawing. The results of this study show 1) Religion becomes panoptipkon because it is not in accordance with religious values based on Q.S 51:49, Q.S 49:13, Q.S 7:80, Q.S 2 7:54, Q.S 29:28 so that society and mass organisations reject the existence of LGBT people and religion also provides objects of enjoyment such as tranquility, protection, moral and ethical guidelines so that LGBT people are also required to follow religious teachings. 2) Forms of violence against LGBT people include physical and verbal violence, structural violence based on the violence of Indonesian religious culture which is the majority of religious people so that LGBT is considered to disrupt their order even though the act violates article 351 KHUP, 352 KHUP, 359 KHUP, 311 KHUP and human rights. 3) The resistance of LGBT people by performing acts of identity performativity such as wearing clothes according to their gender identification, deconstructing cultural norms such as deconstructing standardised gender language, stereotypes and binaries, collaborating with YLBHI and 23 organisations with the aim of protesting and denouncing the draft regional regulation (raperda) because it is not in accordance with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Keywords


Panopticon, Violence, LGBT

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agustang, A. Y. A. P. (2023). Berjalan di Realitas Tanda: Konsumsi Fantasmatik Sneakers Compass Pada Mahasiswa di Universitas Negeri Makassar. Universitas Negeri Makassar.

Aidil, M. (2023). Rancangan Perda anti-LGBT di Makassar dan Garut disebut “tren jelang tahun politik.” BBC NEWS INDONESIA.COM. Retrieved November 3, 2023, from https://www.bbc.com/indonesia/articles/c9r90yq425zo

Aletmi, Rofiah, N., & Yani, A. (2019). Seksualitas Kaum Sodom dalam Perspektif Al-Qur’an (Revitalisasi Homoseksual Dalam Kisah Kaum Luth. as Berbasis Tafsir Ilmi). Jurnal Islamika: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Keislaman, 19(02), 63–78.

BPS. (2015). Jumlah Penduduk Menurut Kabupaten/Kota dan Agama yang Dianut di Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan, 2015. BPS. Retrieved November 3, 2023, from https://sulsel.bps.go.id/dynamictable/2016/08/15/291/jumlah-penduduk-menurut-kabupaten-kota-dan-agama-yang-dianut-di-provinsi-sulawesi-selatan-2015.html

Caluya, G. (2010). The post-panoptic society? Reassessing foucault in surveillance studies. Social Identities, 16(5), 621–633.

CNN. (2023). DPRD Makassar Harap Raperda Larangan LGBT Disetujui Pemprov Sulsel. ccnindonesia.com. Retrieved November 3, 2023, from https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20230109123038-20-897878/dprd-makassar-harap-raperda-larangan-lgbt-disetujui-pemprov-sulsel

Dwi Eriyanti, L. (2017). Pemikiran Johan Galtung tentang Kekerasan dalam Perspektif Feminisme. Jurnal Hubungan Internasional, 6(1).

Faruk. (2017). Metode Penelitian Sastra; Sebuah Penjelajahan Awal. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Belajar.

Gymnastiar Tira Wicaksana, Fatach Toriqo Abimanyu, & Septianto Hary Prassetyo. (2023). Analisis Kekuasaan dalam Interaksi Badut di Lampu Merah: Pendekatan Teori Kekuasaan Foucault. Harmoni: Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi dan Sosial, 1(1), 46–58.

Hizkia Yosie Polimpung. (2014). Asal-usul Kedaulatan: Telusur Psikogenealogis Atas Hasrat Mikrofasis Bernegara. Depok: Kepik.

Khairina. (2023). Acara “Fashion Show” di Makassar Nyaris Dibubarkan Warga dan Ormas Lantaran Disangka Ada Praktik LGBT. Kompas.com. Retrieved from https://makassar.kompas.com/read/2023/09/07/154733078/acara-fashion-show-di-makassar-nyaris-dibubarkan-warga-dan-ormas-lantaran

Khozin Afandi, A. (2015). Konsep Kekuasaan Michel Faucault. Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam, 2(1), 131.

Lexy J Moleong. (2017). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya Offset.

Lisnawati, Martono, N., & Puspitasari, E. (2023). Mekanisme Pendisiplinan Siswa di SMA Dalam Penegakan Tata Tertib Sekolah. Cetta: Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, 6(3), 615–628.

Maldini, A. R., & Mustofa, A. (2023). Performativity and Sexuality Orientation on Characters in Out in the Dark (2012) Movie: Postcolonial Performativity. Bahasa: Jurnal Keilmuan Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia, 5(1), 33–44.

Mudhoffir, A. M. (2010). Berebut Kebenaran: Governmentality Pada Kasus Lapindo. Universitas Indonesia.

Noor, R. H. (2016). LGBT DALAM PERSPEKTIF HUKUM POSITIF. JDIH Kabupaten Tana Laut. Retrieved November 3, 2023, from https://www.jdih.tanahlautkab.go.id/artikel_hukum/detail/lgbt-dalam-perspektif-hukum-positif

Al Qurtuby, S. (2023). Beyond Liberal Peace: Religious Violence and Tactical Peacebuilding in Indonesia. Journal of Asian Security and International Affairs, 10(2), 145–168.

Sofyarto. (2018). Abu-Abu Regulasi LGBT di Indonesia. Jurnal Hukum dan Bisnis (SELISIK), 4(6), 84–94.

Sunarto, S. E. R., Taum, Y. Y., & Adji, S. E. P. (2021). Kekerasan Dalam Novel Lolong Anjing Di Bulan Karya Arafat Nur: Perspektif Johan Galtung. Sintesis, 15(2), 98–112.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 196 times | PDF view : 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2023 Andi Yosi Adiwisastra

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


              
 Office of Social Lanscape Journal: