AN ANALYSIS OF FIGURATIVE LANGUAGES USED IN WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE'S SONNETS

Nindy Yulianda(1), La Sunra(2*),

(1) Universitas Negeri Makassar
(2) Universitas Negeri Makassar
(*) Corresponding Author



Abstract


Figurative language is a means of giving words an additional dimension. Poets use figurative language because it allows them to express their ideas more creatively and subtly than if they used direct and flat language. The purpose of this thesis is to identify the many figurative language styles used in the works of William Shakespeare. There are 12 types of figurative language according to Perrine ides. Qualitative descriptive method was used in this study. In this study, sonnets 29, 73, 94, 98, 116, and 131 were sampled. The initial aim of this study was to describe the many figurative language styles used in William Shakespeare's sonnets. Using Perrine theory, the findings of this study indicate that there are nine types of figure of speech found, including simile, metaphor, personification, symbol, synecdoche, hyperbole, paradox, irony, and disparaging. Simile is the most common form of figurative language in selected poems. The second objective of this study is to examine the significance of each figurative phrase used in William Shakespeare's sonnets. The underlying concept, emotion, or mood that poetry expresses is known as meaning. So, the meaning of poetry is the explicit or implied message conveyed by the poet using Leech's theory which divides seven kinds of meaning. Research findings are presented in 25 extracts. Researchers did not find all of them but only found five meanings, namely conceptual meaning, connotative meaning, social meaning, effective meaning, reflection meaning, collotative meaning, and thematic meaning. The most widely used types of meaning are connotative meaning and social meaning.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdulllah, & Rahmawati, U.R. (2018). An analysis of figurative language. Journal, STIBA – IEC Bekasi. 9–26.

Antara, B. (2013). Figurative language in william shakespeare’s poem “let me not to the marriage of true minds”. Udayana University

A.P English Literature 7 Composition, Sound and sense : An Introduction to Poetry by Arp & Perrine. (2017). Archbishop Moeller English Department Https://Doi.Org/10.7146/Se.V8i1.115021.

Ardiansyah, N. M., & Mandarani, V. (2018). An analysis of figurative language elements upon an american short story entitled “the monkey’s paw. JEES (Journal of English Educators Society), 3(1). Https://Doi.Org/10.21070/Jees.V3i1.1326

Asriyati. (2008). Figure of speech analysis of t.s. eliot’s and emily dickinson’s poems. Thesis, Jakarta Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University.

Christian, D.J. (2019). Functions of comparative language found in the utterances produced by the elemental spirits in “dota 2”. Thesis, Universitas Sanata Dharma Yogyakarta.

Daniswara, R., Winaya, I.M., Phartama, I.G.N. (2016). Meanings of figurative language with reference to four iron maiden songs. Jurnal Humanis, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Unud, 17, 241–247.

Gibbs, R. W. (2001). Evaluating contemporary models of figurative language understanding. Article, University of California, Santa Cruz, 16(3-4), 317333. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10926488.2001.9678900.

Habibi, M. S. (2016). An analysis of figurative language in edensor novel by andrea hirata. Thesis, State Institute For Islamic Studies (Iain)1–66.

Hasanah, N. D. (2018). An analysis of figurative language used in some poems by oscar wilde. Thesis, Walisongo State Islamic University.

Leech, G. (1981). Semantics. New York, U.S.A: Penguin.

Maula, M. (2013). An analysis of figurative language on the poems entitled “ classic poetry series .Thesis, Faculty Of Syekh Nurjati State Institute For Islamic Studies (Iain) Cirebon, 78.

Melaty, V. (2019). Figurative languange in William Shakespeare and William Wordsworth's poems. Bengkulu University.

Nur, S.(2015). Figurative language and imagery analysis in william shakespeare sonnet. State University of Gorontalo.

Pardede H, (2016). Semantics ( A View to Logic of Languange). Thesis, FKIP Universitas HKBP Nomensen Medan. 22.

Raflis, & Zai, J.R. (2018). Figurative languages in william shakespeare’s poem: a fairy song, a madrigal, bridal song, dirge, and sonnet 116. Jurnal Ilmiah Langue And Parole, 2(1), 53–58. Https://Doi.Org/10.36057/Jilp.V2i1.334

Raymond, W.G, J. (1994). The Poetics of Mind_ Figurative Thought, Language, and Understanding-Cambridge University Press,(1).

Ruslida, F.M. (2019). Figurative Language in William Shakespeare and William Wordsworth’s Poems. University of Bengkulu.

Sakinah, F. (2019). The Study Of Figurative Language In Gayonese’s Traditional Melengkan. Thesis, Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatra Utara Medan. 8(5), 55.

Siahaan, H.V.F. (2018). Figurative language in selected poems. Darma Agung Universtiy Medan, 68–75.

Singh, R. (2019). The peace poet: analysis of figurative language used in ‘la paz que venga con fuerza’ poem by rajdeep singh. Journal Of Literature, Languages And Linguistics. Https://Doi.Org/10.7176/Jlll/53-01

Susana, E. (2018). Moral value in charlotte bronte’s novel jane eyre, The 1st Annual International Conference on Language and Literature. Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara. 3(4), 287. Https://Doi.Org/10.18502/Kss.V3i4.1940

Yulidar, L. (2014). Figurative language used in owl city’s albums: a pragmatics perspective. Submitted As A Partial Fulfillment Of The Requirements For Getting Bachelor Degree Of Education In Department Of English Education, Muhammadiyah University Of Surakarta,1, 5.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 102 times | PDF view : 76 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Nindy Yulianda, La Sunra

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.