Factors That Influence The Change Of Mangrove Forest In South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Amal Arfan


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26858/ugj.v1i2.5409

Abstract


North Belopa located in Luwu regency, South Sulawesi, Indonesia has a mangrove forest area. This study aims to analyze the factors that causes the reduction of mangrove ecosystem in North Belopa. This mangrove forest has undergone extensive changes. In some areas, there are additional mangrove forests however in other areas, there is a reduction. This change is caused by either the physical or anthropogenic factors. The physical factors consist of climate, rainfall, air temperature, humidity, wind, wave and current. Meanwhile, the anthropogenic factors are the conversion of mangrove forests into ponds and garbage disposal. This anthropogenic factor leads to more reduction and dominant than physical factors. As a result, the area of mangrove forest in North Belopa experienced large transformation.


Keywords


Physical factors; Anthropogenic factors; Mangrove

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adeel, Z., and R. Pomeroy. 2002. Assessment and management of mangrove ecosystems in developing countries. Trees 16(2–3):235–238.

Agrawal, A., and E. Ostrom. 2001. Collective action, property rights, and decentralization in resource use in India and Nepal. Politics and Society 29(4):485–514.

Aksornkoae, S. 1993. Ecology And Management Of Mangrove. IUCN Wetlands Programme. IUCN, Bangkok, Thailand. 176 Hal

Alcala, A. C. 1998. Community-based coastal resource management in the Philippines: a case study. Ocean and Coastal Management 38:179– 186.

Alongi, D. M. 2002. Present state and future of the world’s mangrove forests. Environmental Conservation 29:331–349.

Amal. 2010. Model partisipasi masyarakat dalam rehabilitasi hutan mangrove di sepanjang pesisir pantai kecamatan Duampanua Kabupaten Pinrang. LaGeografia. Volume VIII Nomor 2. ISSN : 1412-8187

Amal &. Suryaningsih, N.A 2010. Tantangan dan Peluang Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Hutan Mangrove Berkelanjutan Berbasis Masyarakat Lokal di Sulawesi Selatan. Laporan Akhir Penelitian Hibah Kompetitif Penelitian Strategis Nasional. UNM. Makassar.

Amal. 2015. Kesan Aktiviti Manusia Terhadap Perubahan Guna Tanah Bakau di Pinggir Laut Suppa Pinrang Sulawesi Selatan. Tesis. Universitas Kebangsaan Malaysia

Arfan, A & Taufieq, N, A, S. 2017. Mangrove forest management on local communitiesbased in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Eco. Env. & Cons. 23 (1) : 2017; pp. (77-83)

Gautam, A. P., E. L. Webb, and A. Eiumnoh. 2002. GIS assessment of land use/land cover changes associated with community forestry implementation in the Middle Hills of Nepal. Mountain Research and Development 22:63–39

Haryani, N.S. 2013. Analisis Perubahan Hutan Mangrove Menggunakan Citra Landsat. Jurnal Ilmiah WIDYA. Volume 1 Nomor 1

Hogart, P.J. 1999. The Biology of Mangroves. Oxford University Press, New York. Kabir dan Webb, 2006

Kathiresan, K. 2002. Greening the blue mud! Rev. Biol. Trop. 50: 869-874.

Kathiresan, K., and N. Rajendran. 2005. Coastal mangrove forests mitigated tsunami. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 65(3):601–606.

Katon, B. M., R. S. Pomeroy, L. R. Garces, and M. W. Ring. 2000. Rehabilitating the mangrove resources of Cogtong Bay, Philippines: a comanagement perspective. Coastal Management 28:29–37.

Liu, K. & Li,X. 2008. Monitoring mangrove forest changes using remote sensing and GIS data with decision-tree learning wetlands. The Society of Wetland Scientists 28(2): 336-346.

Manson, F.J., Loneragan, N.R. & Phinn, S.R. 2005. Spatial and temporal variation in distribution of mangroves in Moreton Bay, subtropical Australia: a comparison of pattern metrics and change detection analysesbased on aerial photographs. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 57: 653-666

Murray, M. R., Zisman, S. A., Furley, P. A., Munro, D. M., Gibson, J. & Ratter, J. 2003. The mangrove of belize Part 1. Distribution, composition and classification. Forest Ecology and Management, 174(1-3): 265-279.

Nagelkerken, I., G. van der Velde, M. W. Gorissen, G. J. Meijer, T. Van’t Hof, and C. den Hartog. 2000. Importance of mangroves, seagrass beds and the shallow coral reef as nursery for important coral reef fishes, using a visual census technique. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 5 (1):31–44.

Nagelkerken, I., Blaber, S. J. M., Boullion, S., Green, P., Haywood, M. & Kirton, L. G. 2008. The habitat function of mangroves for terrestrial and marine fauna: A review. Aquatic Botany 89: 155-185.

Noor, Y.S, Khazali, I. & Suryadiputra, N.N. 2006. Panduan pengenalan mangrove di Indonesia. Ditjen PKA departemen kehutanan dan wetlands international Indonesia programme. Bogor Opa (2010)

Opa, E.T. 2010. Analisis Perubahan Luas Lahan Mangrove Di Kabupaten Pohuwato Propinsi Gorontalo Dengan Menggunakan Citra Landsat. Jurnal Perikanan dan Kelautan, Vol VI-2

Othman, M. A. 1994. Value of mangroves in coastal protection. Hydrobiologia 285(1–3):277– 282.

Pomeroy, R. S. 1995. Community-based and comanagement institutions for sustainable coastal fisheries management in Southeast Asia. Ocean and Coastal Management

(3):143–162.

Pomeroy, R. S., and M. B. Carlos. 1997. Community-based coastal resource management in the Philippines: a review and evaluation of programs and projects, 1984–1994. Marine Policy 21(5):445–464

Sathirathai, S., and E. B. Barbier. 2001. Valuing mangrove conservation in Southern Thailand. Contemporary Economic Policy 19(2):109–122.

Soontornwong, S. 2006. Improving livelihood through CBNRM: a case of self- organization in community mangrove management in Thailand. Pages 182–199 in S. Mahanty, J. Fox, M. Nurse, P. Stephen, and L. McLees, editors. Hanging in the balance: equity in community-based natural resource management in Asia. East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA

Spalding, M., Blasco F. & Field, C. 1997. World mangrove atlas. Okinawa: the international society for mangrove ecosystem

Toriman, M.E., Amal Arfan, and Yusop, Z. 2013. Assessment of Mangrove Water Quality by Multivariate Statistical Analysis in Suppa Coast, South Sulawasi, Indonesia. World Applied Sciences Journal. 28 (9): 1301-1310.

Valiela, I., Cole, M.L., McClelland, J., Hauxwell, J., Cebrian, J. & Joyes, S. 2001. Salt marshes as part of coastal landscapes. In Concept and controversies in tidal marsh ecology. Edited by M.P Weinstein and D.A Kreeger. Kluwer, Dordrecht, the Netherlands. Pp. 23-38.

Walters, B.B. 2003. People and mangroves in the Philippines: Fifty years of coastal environmental change. Environmental Conservation 30: 97-107.

Walters, B.B., Ro”nnbak”ck, P., Kovacs, J.M., Crona, B., Hussain, S.A., Badola, R., Primavera, J.H., Barbier, E. & Dahdouh-Guebas, F. 2008. Etnobiology, socio-economics and management of mangrove forests: A review. Aquat. Bot, 89: 220-236.

Yuliasamaya, Darmawan, A & Hilmanto, R. 2014. Perubahan Tutupan Hutan Mangrove di Pesisir Kabupaten Lampung Timur. Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol. 2 No. 3, 111—124

Yumna & Halid, I. 2015. Special Analysis For Predicting Changes In Mangrove Forest International Journal Of Scientific & Technology Research Volume 4, Issue

Zorini L.O.; Contini C.; Jiddawi N.; Ochiewo J.; Shunula J.; Cannicci S. 2004. Participatory appraisal for potential community-based mangrove management in East Africa . Wetlands Ecology and Management, Volume 12, Number 2, April 2004 , pp. 87-102(16)


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 4 times
PDF - 4 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Amal Arfan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

PUBLISHED BY :

Geography Education

Postgraduate Program

Universitas Negeri Makassar

Kampus Barat Gedung AB01 Lantai 1, Jalan Bontolangkasa, Makassar. 90222.Phone 085299874629 E mail ugj@unm.ac.id

INDEXED BY :

UNM Geographic Journal Indexed By

 

LICENSED BY :

Creative Commons License
UNM Geographic Journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.