Terapi Tawa Efektif Menurunkan Stres Akademik Remaja Terdampak Pandemi Di Surabaya

Annisa Zaenab Nur Fitria(1*), Naflah Aulia Prameswari Putri(2),

(1) Magister Psikologi Profesi Klinis Universitas Surabaya
(2) Magister Psikologi Profesi Klinis Universitas Surabaya
(*) Corresponding Author




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26858/talenta.v7i1.23044

Abstract


Situasi pandemi memberikan tambahan beban pada remaja. Beban yang dimaksud terkait proses adaptasi dengan sistem pembelajaran online juga adaptasi pada situasi pandemi yang membuat segalanya menjadi terbatas. Stres akademik menjadi sering dialami oleh remaja. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu untuk mengetahui efektivitas terapi tawa untuk menurunkan stres akademik di situasi pandemi yang dialami oleh remaja. Subjek penelitian (N=14) dengan masing-masing kelompok eksperimen dan kontrol berjumlah 7 orang. Partisipan penelitian memiliki kategori stres sedang dan tinggi. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain eksperimen pretest potstest control group design. Instrumen pada penelitian ini untuk stres akademik adalah Perception of Academic Stress (PAS) dan untuk humor menggunakan Coping Humor Scale (CHS). Kedua alat ukur memiliki reliabilitas yang baik dengan alpha Cronbach 0,662 (PAS) dan 0,746 (CHS). Teknik analisis yang digunakan adalah ANAKOVA dengan SPSS versi 22.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai Asymp. Sig. sebesar 0,030 (< 0,05)  dan hasil analisis effect size kategori large effect size (1,24). Dapat disimpulkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh terapi tawa yang sangat signifikan untuk menurunkan tingkat stres akademik pada remaja di situasi pandemi.

Keywords


terapi tawa; stres akademik; remaja; pandemi.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aafreen, M. M., Priya, V. V., & Gayathri, R. (2018). Effect of stress on academic performance of students in different streams. Drug Invention Today, 10(9), 1176–1780.

Akimbekov, N. S., & Razzaque, M. S. (2021). Laughter therapy: A humor-induced hormonal intervention to reduce stress and anxiety. Current Research in Physiology, 4(April), 135–138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crphys.2021.04.002

Akinci, T. (2021). Determination of Predictive Relationships Between Problematic Smartphone use , Self- Regulation , Academic Procrastination and Academic Stress Through Modelling. International Journal of Progressive Education, 17(1), 35–53. https://doi.org/10.29329/ijpe.2020.329.3

Almojali, A. I., Almalki, S. A., Alothman, A. S., Masuadi, E. M., & Alaqeel, M. K. (2017). The prevalence and association of stress with sleep quality among medical students. In Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health (Vol. 7, Issue 3, pp. 169–174). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2017.04.005

Amici, P. (2019). THE HUMOR IN THERAPY: THE HEALING POWER OF LAUGHTER What Causes an Entertained Reaction? Psychiatria Danubina, 31, 503–508.

Barseli, M., Ifdil, I., & Fitria, L. (2020). Stress akademik akibat Covid-19. Jurnal Penelitian Guru Indonesia, 5(2), 95–99.

Bedewy, D., & Gabriel, A. (2015, November 3). Examining perceptions of academic stress and its sources among university students: The Perception of Academic Stress Scale. Health Psychology Open, 2(2), 1-9.

Burzynska, K., & Contreras, G. (2020). Challenges for the female academic during the COVID-19 pandemic. The Lancet, 395, 1968–1970. https:// doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31412-4

Daisy, S. (2018). An Experimental Study on Effectiveness of Laughter Therapy on Stress Reduction among The First Year Nursing Students in Selected College Tadepalligudem. 9(8), 610–612. http://www.ijser.org

Deb, S., Strodl, E., & Sun, J. (2015). Academic Stress, Parental Pressure, Anxiety and Mental Health among Indian High School Students. International Journal of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, 5(1), 26–34. https://doi.org/10.5923/j.ijpbs.20150501.04

Demir Dogan, M. (2018). Annals of Psychiatry and Mental Health Cite this article: Dogan MD (2018) The Effect of Laughter Therapy on Anxiety and Stress in University Students. Ann Psychiatry Ment Health, 6(2), 1132.

Fakhri, F. (2020). HAN 2020, KPAI Nilai Belajar Jarak Jauh Bikin Anak Tak Naik Kelas. Retrieved from https://nasional.okezone.com/ amp/2020/07/23/337/2250667/han-2020-kpai-nilai-belajar-jarak-jauh-bikin-anak-tak-naik-kelas?page=2

Gonot-Schoupinsky, F. N., & Garip, G. (2018). Laughter and humour interventions for well-being in older adults: A systematic review and intervention classification. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 38(April), 85–91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2018.04.009

Hatzipapas, I., Visser, M. J., & van Rensburg, E. J. (2017). Laughter therapy as an intervention to promote psychological well-being of volunteer community care workers working with HIV-affected families. Sahara J, 14(1), 202–212. https://doi.org/10.1080/17290376.2017.1402696

Izzati, I. D. C., Tentama, F., & Suyono, H. (2020). Academic Stress Scale: A Psychometric Study for Academic Stress in Senior High School. European Journal of Education Studies, 7(7), 153–168. https://doi.org/10.46827/ejes. v7i7.3161

Juhamzah, S., Widyastuti, W., & Ridfah, A. (2018). Terapi Tawa Terhadap Penurunan Tingkat Stres Akademik Pada Mahasiswa Strata 1. Jurnal Psikologi TALENTA, 4(1), 80. https://doi.org/10.26858/talenta.v4i1.6529

Lakhwinder Kaur, L. K., & Indarjit Walia, I. W. (2008). Effect of laughter therapy on level of stress: A study among nursing students. Nursing and Midwifery Research Journal, 1, 34–38. https://doi.org/10.33698/nrf0074

Lee, J. S., & Lee, S. K. (2020). The effects of laughter therapy for the relief of employment-stress in Korean student nurses by assessing psychological stress salivary cortisol and subjective happiness. Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives, 11(1), 44–52. https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.1.07

Lefcourt, H. M. (2001). Humor : the psychology of living buoyantly. New York: Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Lubis, H., Ramadhani, A., & Rasyid, M. (2021). Stres Akademik Mahasiswa dalam Melaksanakan Kuliah Daring Selama Masa Pandemi Covid 19. Psikostudia : Jurnal Psikologi, 10(1), 31. https://doi.org/10.30872/psikostudia.v10i1.5454

Mahapatra, A., & Sharma, P. (2021). Education in times of COVID-19 pandemic: Academic stress and its psychosocial impact on children and adolescents in India. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 67(4), 397–399. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020764020961801

Mbiriri, M. (2020). Laughter Therapy as an Intervention to Promote Psychological Well-Being. Journal of Humanities and Social Policy E-ISSN, 6(1), 2020. www.iiardpub.org

Ferdiyanto, F., & Muhid, A. (2020). Stres akademik pada siswa: Menguji peranan iklim kelas dan school well-being. Persona: Jurnal Psikologi Indonesia, 9(1), 140–156. https://doi.org/10.30996/persona.v9i1.3523

Nasional, D. P. (2007). Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Nevid, J. S., Rathus, S. A., & Greene, B. (2018). Abnormal Psychology In A Changing World (10th ed.). Pearson Education.

Qudsyia , Hazhira; Putrib, Meiliza Irma ;. (2016). Self- Efficacy and Anxiety of National Examination Among High. Science Direct, 269.

Rahmawati, W. K. (2015). Keefektifan Peer Support Untuk Meningkatkan Self Discipline Siswa SMP. Jurnal Konseling Indonesia, 2(1), 15–21. https://docplayer.info/80937865-Keefektifan-peer-support-untuk-meningkatkan-self-discipline-siswa-smp.html

Rasmun. (2004). Stres, Koping dan Adaptasi. Jakarta: Sagung Seta.

Reddy, K. J., Menon, K. R., & Thattil, A. (2018). Academic stress and its sources among university students. Biomedical and Pharmacology Journal, 11(1), 531–537. https://doi.org/10.13005/bpj/1404

Riki, R. H. (2014). PENGARUH TERAPI TAWA TERHADAP PENURUNAN TINGKAT. Yogyakarta.

Trigueros, R., Padilla, A., Aguilar-Parra, J. M., Lirola, M. J., García-Luengo, A. V., Rocamora-Pérez, P., & López-Liria, R. (2020). The influence of teachers on motivation and academic stress and their effect on the learning strategies of university students. In International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (Vol. 17, Issue 23, pp. 1–11). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239089

Van der Wal, C. N., & Kok, R. N. (2019). Laughter-inducing therapies: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Social Science and Medicine, 232(January), 473–488. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.02.018

Yim, J. E. (2016). Therapeutic benefits of laughter in mental health: A theoretical review. Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine, 239(3), 243–249. https://doi.org/10.1620/TJEM.239.243

Yuwanto, L. (2012). Pengantar Metode Penelitian Eksperimen. Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia: Dwiputra Pustaka Jaya.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 407 times | PDF view : 111 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Annisa Zaenab Nur Fitria, Naflah Aulia Prameswari Putri

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Published By:

Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Negeri Makassar

Gedung BM Lantai 2 Kampus Gunungsari Baru,

Jalan A.P. Pettarani, Makassar 90222.

Email: jurnal.talenta@unm.ac.id

p-ISSN : 2460-8750

e-ISSN : 2615-1731

View My Stats