Pemanfaatan Energi Potensial Air Sebagai Penggerak Turbin Cross Flow Multi Nozzle

Corvis L. Rantererung(1*), Titus Tandiseno(2), Mika Mallisa(3),

(1) Universitas Kristen Indonesia Paulus Makassar
(2) Universitas Kristen Indonesia Paulus Makassar
(3) Universitas Kristen Indonesia Paulus Makassar
(*) Corresponding Author



Abstract


Energi potensial air sangat melimpah di daerah  terpencil  yang belum dijangkau jaringan aliran listrik adalah sangat baik dimanfaatkan sebagai penggerak turbin cross flow  untuk membangkitkan tenaga listrik skala mikro hidro.  Metode ini digunakan  untuk memberdayakan  potensi sumber daya alam berupa  energi potensial  air terjun atau aliran sungai dari ketinggian tertentu (head)  yang terlebih dahulu  dikonversi menjadi energi kinetik pada nozzle, selanjutnya dirubah  menjadi energi mekanik pada sudu runner  turbin dan kemudian energi mekanik dikonversi menjadi energi listrik oleh generator. Turbin cross flow  melalui sudu-sudu turbin  menyerap energi kinetis pancaran air yang melalui multi nozzle  dengan kecepatan tinggi untuk menggerakkan  runner dan poros  turbin sehingga menghasilkan daya turbin cross flow multi nozzle.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan energi potensial air adalah sangat baik untuk digunakan sebagai penggerak  turbin cross flow multi nozzle  dalam rangka  penyediaan energi listrik  bagi masyarakat  pedesaan.

Kata kunci:  Energi, Potensial, Turbin, Cross, Flow

 

Water potential energy is very abundant in remote areas that have not yet been reached by the electricity network. This method is used to empower the potential of natural resources in the form of a potential waterfall or river flow from a certain height or head  which is first converted into kinetic energy at the nozzle, then changed to mechanical energy at the turbine runner blade and then mechanical energy is converted to electrical energy by the generator. The cross flow turbine through the turbine blades absorbs the kinetic energy of the water jet through the multi nozzle at high speed to drive the turbine runner and shaft so as to produce the turbine cross flow multi nozzle power. The results showed that the potential use of water energy is very good to be used as a driving force for multi flow nozzle cross flow turbines in the context of providing electrical energy to rural communities.

Keywords: Energy, Potential, Turbine,Cross, Flow


Full Text:

Pdf

References


Bernhard Pelikan. 2004. Guide on How to Develop a Small Hydropower Plant. ESHA 2004.

Bryan, R. C. and Sharp, K. V. 2013.Impulse turbine performance characteristics and their impact on Pico-hydro installation, Renewable Energy Journal, Elsevier. 50: 959-964.

Marco Sinagraa, Vincenzo Sammartanoa, Costanza Aricòa, Alfonso Collurab, Tullio Tucciarellia. 2014.Cross-Flow turbine design for variable operating conditions12thInternational Conference on Computing and Control for the Water Industry, CCWI2013. Elsevier. Procedia Engineering. pp. 1539-1548.

S.U.Patel, Prashant.N.Pakale. 2015. Study On Power Generator By Using Cross Flow Water Turbine In Micro Hydro Power Plant. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology eISSN: 2319-1163 | pISSN: 2321-7308.

Haurissa.J, Soenoko. R, Wahyudi S., Irawan Y. S. 2012. The Cross Flow Turbine Behavior towards the Turbine Rotation Quality, Efficiency, and Generated Power. Journal of Applied Sciences Research. 8(1): 448-453.

Muhammad Adil Khan and SaeedBadshah.2014. Design and Analysis of Cross Flow Turbine for Micro Hydro Power Application using Sewerage Water Research Journal of Applied Sciences. Engineering and Technology. 8(7): 821-828, 2014 ISSN: 2040-7459; e-ISSN: 2040-7467.

Rantererung L.C., Soeparman S., Soenoko R. and Wahyudi S..2018.,Vertical And Horizontal Nozzle Effectiveness In Cross Flow Turbines. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology . 9(10): 504–511.

Rantererung L.C., Soeparman S., Soenoko R. and Wahyudi S.2018. Improvement Of Performance Cross Flow Turbine With Dual Nozzle. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. VOL. 13, (7) : 2368-2368.

Nasir A.B. 2013. Design of High Efficiency Cross Flow Turbine for Hydro-Power Plant. International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology. 2(3): 308-311.

Achard J.L., Dominguez F., Corre C. 2016. Cross Fow Water Turbines: Harvest Technology. Renew. Energy Environ Sustain. 1(38): 1-7.

Soenoko R. 2015. Design Optimization to Increase a Cross Flow Turbine Performance, a Review. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research. 10: 38885-38890.

Vimalakeerthy D., Al-Hinai H.A.F., Al-Bimani H.S.M. 2016. An Improved Design of Micro-Hydro Electric Power Plant. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology. 03(12): 467-471.

Nasir A.B. 2014. Suitable Selection of Components for the Micro Hydro-Electric Power Plant. Advance in Energy and Power. 2(1): 7-12.

Sreenivasulu P., Prasanthi G. 2016. A Micro Zero Head Turbine Power Generation For Building’s Water Tank Over Flow & Roof Rain Water Flow System. Global Journal of Engineering Science and Research Management. 3(8): 8-13.

Bhoi R. and Ali M.S. 2014. Potential of Hydro Power Plant in India and its Impact on Environment. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology. 10(3): 114 -119.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 458 times | Pdf view : 36 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.