Analisis Vegetasi Anggrek Epifit Di Desa Tompobulu Resort Balocci Taman Nasional Bantimurung Bulusaraung Kabupaten Pangkep

Nirwana Nirwana(1*), St. Fatmah Hiola(2), Hilda Karim(3),

(1) Universitas Negeri Makassar
(2) Universitas Negeri Makassar
(3) Universitas Negeri Makassar
(*) Corresponding Author


Abstract: This study aims to determine the important value index (INP), diversity index, evenness index, and epiphytic natural orchid wealth index found in Tompobulu Resort Balocci Village, Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park, Pangkep District. The study was conducted in October 2017. Determination of the location of the study and the placement of the plot points using the Purposive sampling method based on the presence of orchids from the information of resort officers. With a total plot of 30 plots. Each plot is 20 m x 20 m. Vegetation data collection was carried out in the plot by counting the number of individuals from each epiphytic orchid species. The results of the study obtained natural epiphytic orchids as many as 38 species from 25 genera. Species that have the highest INP values are Oberonia costeriana and Maleola sp. The species that have the lowest INP values are Apendicula sp, Bulbhophyllum sp, Ceratostylis sp, Cymbidium finlaysonianum wall. ex Lindl. wall. ex Lindl, Dendrochillum edentulum Blume Var patentibracteatum J.J.Sm, Eria sp, Flickingeria sp, Luisia sp, Trichotosia sp, Thrixspermum sp, Vandopsis lissochiloides (Gaudich) Pfitzer. Species diversity is classified as medium. With a value of 2.75 Evenness of species classified as Low with a value of 0.07 and Wealth of species classified as low with a value of 1.85.

Keywords: epiphytic orchid, important value index, species diversity, species evenness, species wealth.

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