Right to Freedom From Discrimination: The Case of The Disabled in The Context of International Human Rights and The Practice in Nigeria.

J. Adams Adoga -Ikong(1*), Adaeze Favour Ibekwe(2),

(1) 1, Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law, University of Calabar, University of calabar, calabar, Nigeria
(2) 1,Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law, University of Calabar, University of calabar, calabar, Nigeria
(*) Corresponding Author




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26858/prd.v1i2.22133

Abstract


One of the very issues in the world today that has always been on the front burner is that of human rights.  Nationally and internationally, this issue has been a problem to world leaders.  This is because the way and manner human rights is handled by either the government agencies, institutions and even individuals is such in a sorry state.  The worst is that of the right of the disabled ones among us.  They are inhumanly discriminated against due to their physical or mental state.  They are not given access to certain facilities, employment, education, etc.  In Nigeria as a case study in this research, this has been played out for a long time despite the laws in place to curb this situation.  The disabled are not given equal opportunities to vote, accessing public facilities, equal employment, etc.  This work therefore is an examination of the practice of discrimination against the disabled in Nigeria where they are denied their basic rights on the basis of their condition.  Looking at this situation, it is believed that if in Nigeria, we have to comply with the legislations on ground as well as the various international laws and treaties that Nigeria is a signatory to, the issue of human rights of the disabled will be well practiced.


Keywords


Keywords: Discrimination; Disabilities; Human Rights.

Full Text:

PDF

References


REFERENCES

Adoga-Ikong, J. A., & Inyang, E. B. (2017). Re-Echoing the Common Law Principles in Controlling Oil Pollution in Nigeria. Calabar Journal of Public and International law, 2.

Adoga-Ikong, J. A., & Takim Otu, M. (2020). Customary law marriage practice in Nigeria: women and human rights. Journal of social sciences research, The, 6(3), 272-275.

Agbaba, Z. D. B. D. B. (2020). Analysis of the European Social Charter and its importance for the protection of selected groups of working women. Central European Journal of Labour Law and Personnel Management, 3, 1.

Archibong, J. E., Adoga-Ikong, J. A., & Endeley, P. I. (2016). ‘The extent of Lawful Agitation for the ownership of Natural Resources in colonial and post-colonial’. 4th Annual Conference of Nigeria, Nigerian Association of Law Teachers.

Boeke, S., Heinl, C. H., & Veenendaal, M. A. (2015, May). Civil-military relations and international military cooperation in cyber security: Common challenges & state practices across Asia and Europe. In 2015 7th International Conference on Cyber Conflict: Architectures in Cyberspace (pp. 69-80). IEEE.

Chapman, A. R. (2017). A “Violations Approach” for Monitoring the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights 1. Human Rights, 449-492.

Chipea, L. O. (2019). Theoretical And Practical Aspects Of The Amendments To Law No. 448/2006 On The Protection And Promotion Of The Rights Of Persons With Disabilities By Emergency Ordinance No. 69/2018. Fiat Iustitia, 2(2), 107-113.

Coblentz, W. K., & Warshaw, R. S. (1956). European convention for the Protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms. Calif. L. Rev., 44, 94.

De Baets, A. (2009). The impact of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on the study of history. History and Theory, 48(1), 20-43.

Declaration, B. (1995). Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action Fourth World Conference on Women. Paragraph, 112.

Freeman, M. A., Rudolf, B., Chinkin, C., Kroworsch, S., & Sherrier, A. (Eds.). (2012). The UN convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women: A commentary. Oxford University Press.

Hawking, S., & Jackson, M. (1993). A brief history of time. Beverly Hills, CA: Dove Audio.

Iyer, V. K. (1982). Law, Justice, and the Disabled. Deep & Deep.

Jongbloed, L. (2003). Disability policy in Canada: An overview. Journal of Disability Policy Studies, 13(4), 203-209.

Joseph, S., & Castan, M. (2013). The international covenant on civil and political rights: cases, materials, and commentary. Oxford University Press.

Kutcher, S., & McDougall, A. (2009). Problems with access to adolescent mental health care can lead to dealings with the criminal justice system. Paediatrics & child health, 14(1), 15-18.

Lewis, O., & Pathare, S. (2020). Disability and Mental Health. Foundations of Global Health & Human Rights, 285.

Musila, G. M. (2006). The right to an effective remedy under the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights. African Human Rights Law Journal, 6(2), 442-464.

Olaleye, A., Ogundele, O., Deji, S., Ajayi, O., Olaleye, O., & Adeyanju, T. (2012). Attitudes of students towards peers with disability in an inclusive school in Nigeria. Disability, CBR & Inclusive Development, 23(3), 65-75.

Oluwabunmi, N. G., & Oluwatosin, I. (2013). Domestic Frameworks for Monitoring Implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) in Africa: Nigeria and South Africa in Perspective.

Sacco, M. (2018). De-politisation of Human Rights: the European Union and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

Series, L. (2019). Disability and human rights. Routledge Handbook of Disability Studies.

Trindade, A. A. (1982). The Evolution of the Organisation of American States (OAS) System of Human Rights Protection: An Appraisal. German YB Int'l L., 25, 498.

Unicef. (2007). Implementation Handbook for the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Unicef.

United Nations. (1971). Declaration on the rights of mentally retarded persons. General Assembly Resolution, 2857.

United Nations. (1975). Declaration on the rights of disabled persons. Official records of the General Assembly, Thirtieth Session, (s34).

Welti, F. (2018, September). ILO Convention 159 Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment (Disabled Persons) Convention, 1983 (No. 159). In International and European Labour Law (pp. 635-641). Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG.

World Health Organization. (2009). Women and health: today's evidence tomorrow's agenda. World Health Organization.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 42 times | PDF view : 25 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.