Paul T. Haaga(1*),

(1) Federal University of Lafia, Nigeria
(*) Corresponding Author

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26858/prd.v1i2.18555


This paper argues that every responsible government has an obligation, to the best of its ability, to ensure an adequate provision of economic welfare and healthcare for its citizens. In view of this global pandemic, the Nigerian government, like many other nations, has urgently developed a plan to provide health and economic assistance to the tens of millions of people who are vulnerable. However, the provision of these palliatives by the government designed to assuage the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the poor and vulnerable Nigerians is not fairly undertaken. Adopting an expository and analytic approach, this paper examines the role of the government in distributing the COVID- 19 relief funds; in doing this, the questions in this paper are in two fronts: firstly, what constitutes vulnerability and who is vulnerable? Secondly, what is the criterion adopted by the government for determining who benefits from these palliatives? Finally, the paper proposes a model for assessing the role of government in the distribution of palliatives from the prism of John Rawls’s principle of distributive justice. This is imperative because the fair distribution of relief funds and benefits from the government will further ease the burdens, and it will fundamentally affect the people’s wellbeing.


Covid- 19; Distributive Justice; Vulnerable, Palliatives, Pandemic, Rawls

Full Text:



Allingham, M (2020) “Distributive Justice” in Fieser, J and Dowden, B (Edited) Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy online http://www.iep.utm.edu/distributive/ Retrieved on the 19/05/2020.

Arneson, R (2017) “Rawls, Responsibility and Distributive Justice” CUEX199-03 Vol. 2.

Azam, G. (2007) “Rawls’ Theory of Distributive Justice and the Role of Informal Institutions to get People Access to Healthcare in Bangladesh” Philosophy and Progress. June-December 2007.

Ebenso, B and Otu, A. (2020) “Can Nigeria Contain the COVID-19 outbreak Using Lessons From Recent Epidemics?” The Lancet Global Health.

Elkins, D (2012) Responding to Rawls: Towards a Consistent and Supportable Theory of Distributive Justice. N. P.

Lamont, J and Favor, C (2017) “Distributive Justice” in Edward N. Zalta (ed.) The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy online, http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2017 /entries/distributive. Retrieved on 20/05/2020.

Onyemachi, F. C. (2020). Complementary Leadership: A Neglected Key to National Security Issues in Nigeria. GNOSI: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Human Theory and Praxis, 3(1), 76-84.

Ozili, P (2020) “COVID-19 Pandemic and Economic Crisis: The Nigerian Experience and Structural Causes” Retrieved from Https://www.researchgate.net/publication/340439471. 23/05/2020.

Rawls, J. (2005) Political Liberalism (Expanded version). New York: Columbia University Press.

Rawls, J. (1971) A Theory of Justice. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Belknap Press of Harvard University.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 430 times | PDF view : 44 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.