SEMIOTIC ANALYSIS OF THE MEANING OF WOOD CARVINGS IN TONGKONAN

Soekarno Buhari Pasyah(1*),

(1) Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar
(*) Corresponding Author




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26858/p.v7i2.39359

Abstract


The symbol on the wooden carving of the Toraja traditional house (Tongkonan) is an important part of its construction, so the purpose of this article is to describe and analyze the symbol of power. This exploration uses subjective interpretive examination techniques, breaks down and describes the significance of things that are concentrated considering the reality on the ground, involves key witnesses as sources of information, utilizes essential and optional information through top-down meetings, field perceptions, action documentation, and references related to this examination. The semiotic model developed by Charles Sanders Peirce is used in this research data analysis method. The Toraja traditional house has sixty-seven types of wood carvings, but only four represent the symbol of the strength of the Tongkonan owner for the present and the future. In addition, the Tongkonan carving patterns represent the social status of the Toraja people. From the underlying information From information obtained, it can be said that the carvings on the Tongkonan depict images of objects and animals that exist in the Toraja people. The message contained in cutting the Tongkonan is a way of thinking about the life of the Toraja people themselves.


Keywords


Semiotics; Carving; Tongkonan

Full Text:

PDF

References


Sande, J. S. (1989). Toraja in Carving’s. Ujung Pandang: Balai Penelitian Bahasa.

Sugiyono (2008). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R & D. Bandung: Alfabet

Setiady, P. & Usman, H. (2004). Metodologi Penelitian Sosial. Jakarta: PT. Bumi Aksara

Umberto. E. (1979). A Theory of Semiotics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Eco, U. (1980). Function and Sign: The Semiotics of Architecture. In G. Broadbent, R. Bunt, & C. Jencks (Eds.), Signs, Symbols, and Architecture (pp. 11–69). John Wiley & Sons.

Sobur, A. (2006). Semiotika Komunikasi. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya.

Yeniyati, Prisca. 2015. Bentuk dan Makna Simbolis Ornamen Atap Rumah Limas Palembang. Palembang: Universitas Musi Charitas.

Syafwandi, dkk. 2018. Makna filosofi Ornamen Hias Tradisional Minangkabau Masihkah Relefan dengan Pola Kehidupan Masyarakat Sekarang. Padang: Universitas Negeri Padang

Maulana, Indra. Dkk. 2018. Estetika Ornamen Rumoh Aceh Lubuk Sukon Kecamatan Ingin Jaya Kabupaten Aceh besar. Padangpanjang: Institut Seni Indonesia.

Ilham. 2018. Kajian Estetika Ragam Hias Rumah Adat (Balla Lompoa) Galesong Kabupaten Takalar. Makassar: Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar.

Yusuf, M. Sandy. 2019. Ornamen Dekoratif-Konstruktif Kala di Candi Sewu. (daring) situs: https://www.researchgate.net/figure/gambar-7-ornamen- dekoratif-konstruktif-kala-di-candi-sewu-kusen-dkk- 1992_fig3_33762907. Diakses pada tanggal 15 Maret 2021

Kadang, K. (1960 ). Ukiran Rumah Toraja . Jakarta: Dinas Penerbitan Balai Pustaka.

Kobong, T. (1983). Manusia Toraja . Rantepao : Institut Theologia Gereja Toraja . Panganna, Y. S. (2018). Bisikan Suci Passura' Toraya. Klaten : Nugra Media .

Rahayu, W. (2017). Tongkonan Mahakarya Arsitektur Tradisional Suku Toraja. Jakarta Timur : Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa.

Said, A. A. (2004). Simbolisme Unsur Visual Rumah Tradisional . Yogyakarta : Ombak .

Salam, S., Husain, M. S., & Tangsi. (2017). Makna Simbolik Motif Hias Ukir Toraja. Jurnal Panggung, 284-292.

Sandarupa, S. (2014). Kebudayaan Toraja Modal Bangsa Milik Dunia. Jurnal Sosio humaniora, vol.16, No.1 PP 1-9.

Sumarto, S. (2019 ). Budaya, Pemahaman, dan Penerapannya. vol. 1 No.2,PP 144-159. Tandilingtin, L. T. (2014). Toraja dan Kebudayaannya. Makassar: Lembaga Kajian dan Penulisan Sejarah Budaya Sulawesi Selatan.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 2403 times | PDF view : 3 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL PAKARENA

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Alamat Redaksi:

Program Studi Pendidikan Sendratasik
Fakultas Seni dan Desain
Universitas Negeri Makassar

Gedung DE Lantai 2 Kampus FSD UNM Parangtambung 
Jl.
Daeng Tata Makassar 90224

E-mail: pakarena@unm.ac.id

Lisensi Creative Commons
Jurnal Pakarena  dilisensikan di bawah  Lisensi Atribusi-Nonkomersial 4.0 Internasional Creative Commons .

Index by