An Optimization of Language Learning in Writing Through E-Learning: Encountering Covid-19 Pandemic

Sariani Sariani(1*), Mutia El Khairat(2), - Yaningsih(3),

(1) English Department, Politeknik Negeri Padang
(2) English Department, Politeknik Negeri Padang
(3) English Department, Politeknik Negeri Padang
(*) Corresponding Author




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26858/ijole.v5i1.15375

Abstract


In response to the current situation of the pandemic covid-19 outbreak which has been affected worldwide, this study examines the opt on online learning for writing skill, and to assess the development of the writing task. It draws the data from an English as a Foreign Language (EFL) student’s writing documents, and marking documents of three experienced English teachers’s using the “Analytical Marking Scheme”. A qualitative approach was employed where the data was obtained during the online supervision of the student’s final project (TA) by integrating visual images into her writing project. The participant is in her final year at English Department, Politeknik Negeri Padang who focuses on writing brochure as her TA. The findings of this study show that there are two major progresses found in the writing documents of the first draft to the final draft. First, the content of the writing has been improved as seen from the variation of vocabulary used within. The essay has been organized well where the ideas are developed, and the information shared is logical and complete. Second, even though there is still a few errors occured in grammar, punctuation, and spelling, they have no influence on the idea conveyed. The student is able to adjust into the online learning, and increase her writing performance by utilizing the visual images given. The findings suggest that there should be more innovative learning designs to accommodate the needs of online learning. Since this type of learning is challenging for both teachers and student, teachers need to be able to put their role as facilitator to establish more engagements with the student, and to trigger the student to be more autonomous in learning. 


Keywords


Analytic evaluation; e-learning; pandemic; visual image; writing

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abouchedid, K., & Eid, G. M. (2004). E-learning Challenges in the Arab World: Revelations from A Case Study Profile. Quality Assurance in Education, 12(1), 15–27. https://doi.org/10.1108/09684880410517405

Ahmadi, M. R. (2018). The Use of Technology in English language Learning: A Literature Review. International Journal of Research in English Education, 3(2), 115–125. Retrieved from www.ijreeonline.com

Al-Maqtri, M. A. T. (2014). How Effective is E-learning in Teaching English? : A Case Study. Journal of Education and Human Development, 3(2), 647–669. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/316158487

Ali, T. S. D. D. A. (2008). Issues & Challenges in Implementing E-learning in Malaysia. Retrieved April 13, 2020, from http://asiapacific-odl.oum.edu.my/c33/f80.pdf

Baker, L. (2015). How Many Words Is a Picture Worth? Integrating Visual Literacy in Language Learning with Photographs. In ENG L I S H T E A C H ING FO RUM. Retrieved from americanenglish.state.gov/english-teaching-forum

Bonciu, F. (2017). Evaluation of the Impact of the 4th Industrial Revolution on the Labor Market. Journal Romanian Economic and Business Review, 12(2), 7–16.

Brown, J. D. (2004). Performance Assessment: Existing Literature and Directions for Research. Second Language Studies, 22(2), 91–139.

Cai, H. (2012). E-learning and English Teaching. In International Conference on Future Computer Supported Education (pp. 841 – 846). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ieri.2012.06.180

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) technical guidance: Maintaining Essential Health Services and Systems. (2020). Retrieved April 8, 2020, from https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/technical-guidance/maintaining-essential-health-services-and-systems

Dornyei, S. (2007). Research Methods in Applied Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Dukchak, O. (2014). Visual Literacy in Educational Practice. Czech-Polish Historical and Pedagogical Journal, 6(2), 41–48. https://doi.org/10.247/cphpj-2014-0017

El Khairat, M., & Sariani, S. (2018). Developing Students’ Skill in Script Writing for Their Final Project by Applying Guided Writing Task. Journal Humaniora, 9(2), 141–148.

Fisk, P. (2017). Education 4.0 … the future of learning will be dramatically different, in school and throughout life. Retrieved March 18, 2020, from http://www.thegeniusworks.com/2017/01/future-education-young-everyone-taught-together/

George-Palilonis, J., & Filak, V. (2009). Blended Learning in the Visual Communications Classroom: Student Reflections on a Multimedia Course. Electronic Journal of E-Learning, 7(3), 247–256.

Ghaffari, A., & Emami, A. (2011). Improving Education in Adult through Online Learning. Life Science Journal, 8(3). Retrieved from http://www.lifesciencesite.com

Ghalib, Thikra K. Al-Hattami, A. A. (2015). Holistic versus Analytic Evaluation of EFL Writing: A Case Study. English Language Teaching, 8(7), 225–236. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v8n7p225

González, C. (2010). What do University Teachers Think eLearning is Good for in Their Teaching? Journal Studies in Higher Education, 35(1), 61–78. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075070902874632

Harmer, J. (2007). How to Teach English. Essex, England: Pearson Education Limited.

Hussin, A. A. (2018). Education 4.0 Made Simple: Ideas For Teaching. International Journal of Education & Literacy Studies, 6(3), 92–98. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijels.v.6n.3p.92

Hyland, K. (2016). Methods and Methodologies in Second language Writing Research. System, 59, 116–125.

Jabeen, Shazi Shah Thomas, A. J. (2015). Effectiveness of Online Language Learning. In World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science.

Junco, R., & Mastrodicasa, J. (2016). Students’ Engagement in Social Media and Its Mainstay for Teaching and Learning. The Case of the Wa Nursing Training College. American Journal of Educational Research, 4(13), 961–969. https://doi.org/10.12691/education-4-13-8

Khatib, M., & Mirzaii, M. (2016). Developing an Analytic Scale for Scoring EFL Descriptive Writing. Journal of English Language Teaching and Learning, 8(17), 49–73. Retrieved from elt.tabrizu.ac.ir%0A

Kozinski, S. (2017). How generation Z is shaping the change in education. Retrieved March 18, 2020, from https://www.forbes.com/sites/sievakozinsky/2017/07/24/how-generation-z-is-shaping-the-change-in-education/#304059746520

Kumaravadivelu, B. (2001). Toward a Postmethod Pedagogy. TESOL Quarterly, 3(4), 537–560. https://doi.org/10.2307/3588427

Lan, Y. ., Hung, C. ., & Hsu, H. . (2011). Effects of Guided Writing Strategies on Students’ Writing Attitude Based on Media Richness. TOJET: Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 10(4), 148–164.

Laraswati, I., & Suhartono, S. (2016). The Use of Visual Media in Teaching Writing. Journal of English Teaching and Research, 1(1). https://doi.org/10.29407/jetar.v1i1.274

Lasse, D. (2019). Education and Industrial Revolution 4.0. Jurnal Handayani, 10(1), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.24114/jh.v10i1

Latief, M. A. (2009). Collecting Research Data on StudentsWriting Skills. University of Pittsburgh State University of Malang.

Liu, X., Lee, S., & Furdyna, J. K. (2005). The Effectiveness of Online Situated Environments for Language Learning. In Proceedings of 21st Annual Conference on Distance Teaching and Learning (pp. 1–4).

Mackey, A., & Gass, S. M. (2005). Second Language Research. New Jersey: Lawrence Erbaulm Associates, Inc.

McCombs, B. L., & Vakili, D. (2005). A learner-centered Framework for E-learning. Teachers College Record, 107(8), 1582–1600. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467- 9620.2005.00534.x

McDonough, S., & McDonough, J. (1997). Research Method for English Language Teachers. Great Britain: Arnold.

Metros, S. E. (2008). Educator’s Role in Preparing Visually Literate Learners. Theory Into Practice, 47(2), 102–109. https://doi.org/10.1080/00405840801992264

Metros, S. E., & Woolsey, K. (2006). Visual literacy: An institutional imperative. EDUCAUSE Review, 41(3), 80–82. Retrieved from https://er.educause.edu/articles/2006/1/visual-literacy-an-institutional-imperative

Mohammadi, N., Ghorbani, V., & Hamidi, F. (2011). Effects of e-learning on Language Learning. Procedia Computer Science, 3, 464–468. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2010.12.078

Montaño-González, J. X. (2017). Learning Strategies in Second Language Acquisition. US-China Foreign Language, 15(8), 479–492. https://doi.org/10.17265/1539-8080/2017.08.001

Murray, N. (2012). Writing Essays in English Language and Linguistics: Principles, Tips and Strategies for Undergraduate. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

Nahla, B. (2001). Writing Evaluation: What Can Analytic Versus Holistic Scoring Tell Us? System, 29, 371–383. Retrieved from www.elsevier.com/locate/system

Patesan, M., Balagiu, A., & Alibec, C. (2018). Visual Aids in Language Education. In International Conference KNOWLEDGE-BASED ORGANIZATION.

Ramim, M., & Levy, Y. (2006). Securing E-Learning Systems: A Case of Insider Cyber Attacks and Novice IT Management in a Small University. Journal of Cases on Information Technology (JCIT), 8(4). https://doi.org/10.4018/jcit.2006100103

Rao, Z. (2007). Training in Brainstorming and Developing Writing Skills. ELT Journal, 61(2), 100–106. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1093/elt/ccm002

Rausch, P. (2015). The Relationship between English Speaking and Writing Proficiency and Its Implications for Instruction. St. Cloud State.

Razı, S. (2005). Development of a Rubric to Assess Academic Writing Incorporating Plagiarism Detectors. SAGE Open. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244015590162

Richard, J. C., & Renandya, W. A. (2020). Methodology in language learning: An Anthology of Current Teaching. Cambridge: University Press.

Rosell, C. D. (2020). Advantages of eLearning for Language Teachers. Retrieved April 13, 2020, from https://www.cae.net/advantages-of-elearning-for-language-teachers/

Roziewicz, K. (2015). Language e-Learning Redefined. Retrieved April 14, 2020, from https://elearningindustry.com/language-e-learning-redefined

Sariani, S., Yaningsih, Y., & El Khairat, M. (2020). Assessing the Effectiveness of Mobile-Application Technology: A Project-Based Learning. Journal of English Educators Society, 5(1), 67–73. https://doi.org/10.21070/jees.v5i1.376

Shabiralyani, G., Hasan, K. S., Hamad, N., & Iqbal, N. (2015). Impact of Visual Aids in Enhancing the Learning Process Case Research: District Dera Ghazi Khan. Journal of Education and Practice, 6(19), 226–233.

Social distancing. (2020). Retrieved April 8, 2020, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_distancing

Solak, E., & Cakir, R. (2014). Face to face or E-Learning in Turkish EFL Context. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education-TOJDE, 15(3), 37–49.

Thomas, M., & Keinders, H. (2010). Task-based language learning and teaching with technology. London; New York: Continuum.

Urquhart, V., & McIver, M. (2005). Teaching Writing in the Content Areas. Virginia: ASCD.

Virginio, C., Porta, M., & Cellario, M. (2004). Perspectives and cCallenges in E-learning: Towards Natural Interaction Paradigms. Journal of Visual Languages and Computing, 15(5), 333–345. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvlc.2003.10.002

Westberry, N. C. (2009). ). An Activity Theory Analysis of Social Epistemologies within Tertiary-level eLearning Environments. University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10289/4184

WHO Timeline - COVID-19. (2020). Retrieved April 8, 2020, from https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/08-04-2020-who-timeline---covid-19

Zakarneh, B. M. (2018). Effectiveness of E-learning Mode for Teaching English Language in Arab Universities. International Journal of Applied Linguistics & English Literature, 7(7), 171–181. Retrieved from www.ijalel.aiac.org.au


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 898 times | PDF view : 210 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


License URL: https://creativecommons.org/

 

 

 

Creative Commons License


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.