Morphology And Syntax Of Tae’ Language

Idawati Garim(1*), Jusmianti Garing(2), Muh. Ridwan(3), Sakinah Sakinah(4),

(1) Faculty of Language and Literature, Makassar State University
(2) Language Institute of South Sulawesi, Makassar-South Sulawesi, Indonesia
(3) Language Institute of South Sulawesi, Makassar-South Sulawesi, Indonesia
(4) Faculty of Language and Literature, Makassar State University
(*) Corresponding Author



Abstract


Tae’ language as a communication tool of Luwu society has several linguistic
devices that have different functions. Linguistics devices are phonology,
morphology, syntax, and semantics. On this occasion, the author focuses on two
linguistic devices, i.e. morphology and syntactic of Tae’ language. That linguistics
device is being the main focus in this research because the two linguistics devices
have an important role in understanding of structure of Tae' language. Using
descriptive-qualitative method is aimed at finding detailed and complete data. The
collecting data was using library study and field techniques. It means that the writer
has collected the data by reading some books, journals, and other sources that are
related with this research, particularly theories and researches of morphology and
syntax. Then, the field data was collected by giving an instrument that contains of
words, phrases, and sentences to native speakers of Tae’ language. Data analysis is
done by classifying, identifying, and interpreting based on morphology and syntax
theory. The result shows that morphology and syntax in Tae’ language expressed in
different ways. Morphology, in particular, is composed by word-forming process.
The process involves three components, namely affixation, reduplication, and
compound-word. Otherwise, syntax in Tae’ language is expressed by syntactic
functions, namely phrase structure. Phrase in Tae’ language consists of endocentric
phrase and exocentric phrase. Endocentric phrase in Tae’ language is formed by
coordinative endocentric phrase, attributive endocentric phrase, and appositive
endocentric phrase. While exocentric phrase in Tae’ language is formed by directive
exocentric phrase (prepositional phrase) and non-directive exocentric phrase
(objective phrase). Besides, the clause in Tae’ language is described by predicate
functions, namely the nominal clause, a verbal clause, an adjective clause, a
prepositional clause, and a numeral clause. While, sentence in Tae’ language is
divided into two sentences, namely, simple sentences and compound sentences.


Keywords


morpheme, phrase, clause, sentences, Tae’ Language

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