A Critical Study about the Human Rights Concerns in the Kashmir Valley

Taha Shabbir(1*), Zafar Ali(2), Shuja Uddin(3), Mohsin Wazir(4), Muhammad Ali Gopang(5),

(1) Federal Urdu University, Karachi
(2) Federal Urdu University, Karachi
(3) Federal Urdu University, Karachi
(4) MPhil SMIU, Karachi
(5) MPhil QAU, Islamabad
(*) Corresponding Author




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26858/.v1i1.20586

Abstract


While the United Nations is authorized to impose final remedies in Kashmir, it has limited itself to making recommendations in the hope of achieving a just and impartial settlement acceptable to all parties to the dispute. This thesis will do an observational examination of the different proposals, utilizing this accurate and positivist assessment of the United Nations' behavior as a case study. To resolve the Kashmir situation, the Security Council must substantiate the following hypothesis: Any decision or omission took by the United Nations Security Council was motivated by a desire to maintain a negotiated stalemate between India and Pakistan, a kind of status quo, before all remaining issues, whether factual or legal, are settled by direct negotiations between the two disputing parties. The United Nations took action after concluding that it could not resolve the issues under the circumstances, partly due to the conflicting positions and aspirations of the Kashmir dispute's parties and partly due to the UN system's shortcomings. From a positivist perspective, this study will aim to include an empirical examination of the United Nations' actions in settling an international dispute. It will assist in dispelling common misconceptions regarding the United Nations' status, which I assume are the product of an excessively positive or overly pessimistic appraisal of the UN's capacity and belief of its own will to enact a specific solution situation. I will attempt to explain in the concluding chapter of this study why I believe the United Nations is vital to global security, including in its handling of the Kashmir dispute. I am well aware that scholars and leaders in India and Pakistan will almost certainly cast doubt on my primary theory. This is fair since their active involvement in the issue will easily skew their perception of the UN's role. All also threatened the UN with a rejection of "fairness and impartiality," which is unsurprising. Additionally, they ultimately rejected the most, if not all, United Nations proposals owing to their inability to fulfill their demands. The Kashmir dispute did not begin with India's "invasion" of Kashmir or its protest to the UN Security Council.

 


Full Text:

PDF

References


Bazaz, Prem Nath, The History Of Struggle For Freedom In Kashmir; Cultural And Political, From The Earliest Times To The Present Day, New Delhi: Pamposh Publications, 1954

Behera, Navnita Chadha, State, Identity And Violence: Jammu, Kashmir And Ladakh, Center For Policy Research, New Delhi: Manohar, 2000

Birdwood, Lord. "Kashmir." International Affairs, XXVIII (July, 1952), Pp. 299-309.

Blinkenberg, Lars, India-Pakistan. The History Of Unsolved Conflicts, Odense: Odense Universtetsforlag, 1998

Brecher, Michael • .!H!. Struggle~ Kashmir. New York: Oxford University Press, 1953.

Brierly, Js. Thelawofnations. New York: New York And Oxford, 1963.

Callard, Keith B. Pakistan's Foreign Policy:~ Interpretation.New York:Institute Of Pacific Relations, 1957.

Campbell-Johnson, Alan.Mission With Mountbatten.New York:E.P.Dutton And Co.,Inc.,1953.

Colucci, B., Lemish, D., 2011, Communicating With Violance, NEW YORK, UNICEF, ISBN: 978-0-578-09512-7

Crawford, B. And Lipschutz, R., The Myth Of "Ethnic Conflict": Politics, Economics, And "Cultural" Violence: "Cultural Conflict In India: Punjab And Kashmir", By Nirvikar Singh, United States: University Of California, 1998.

Crocker,Walter. Nehru.New York:Oxford University Press,1966.

Das, Taraknath. "The Kashmir Issue And The United Nations." Political Science Quarterly, LXV (June, 1950), Pp. 264-282,

Girl Scout Research Institute. (2002). The Net Effect: Girls And New Media. New York: Girl Scouts Of The U.S.A.

Government Of India.White Paper.Indian States.New Delhi: Government Publication,1950.

Inis L. Swords~ Plowshares, Third Edition. New York: Random House,1954.

Ireland F.C., 2018, Mob Attack OR The Phychology OF Violance, U.S.A., Forgotten Books, ISBN-10: 0267627165. Cramer S., Inkster D.B., 2017, Op.Cit.

Jacob, Philip E. And Alexine L. Atherton. The Dynamics Of International Organizations. Illinois: The Dorsey Press, 1965. –

Jagmohan, My Frozen Turbulence, New Delhi: Allied Publishers, 1992

Kodanda Rao, P. "Conununalism In India." Current History, XXX (February, 1956), Pp. 79-84.

Korbel, Joseph. Danger .!!!.,Kashmir. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1954.

Lilienthal, David E. "Another 'Korea' In The Making?" Colliers. New York, August 4,1951, Pp. 23-58.

Lumby,E.W.R. The Transfer Of Power In India. New York: Frederick A. Praeger,1954.

Madan, T.N., Muslim Communities Of South Asia: Culture, Society, And Power, 3rd Edition, Institute Of Economic Growth, New Delhi: Manohar, 2001

Menon,V.P.The Integration Of The Indian States. New York: The Mcmillan Company,1956.

Messervy, General Sir Frank."Kashmir." Asian Review, XLV (January, 1949)1 PP• 469-483.

O'Connell, D.P.The Law Of State Succession. Cambridge: The University Press,1956

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2018, Children & Young People's Mental Health in the Kashmir, OECD.

Razdan, Omkar, The Trauma Of Kashmir: The Untold Reality, New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House, 1999

Schofield, Victoria, Kashmir In Conflict, London / New York: I.B. Tauris, 2000

Security Council Official Records, 1948-1965. United States Government. Department Of State Bulletin. Washington, September 27, 1965.

Shabbir, T., M Nadeemullah, & Saeed Memon. (2020). Uses And Impact Of 'Open Data' Technology For Developing Social Sector In Pakistan. Pakistan Journal Of Multidisciplinary Research, 1(1), 50-64. Retrieved From Https://Www.Pjmr.Org/Pjmr/Article/View/24

Shabbir, T., Mohsin, & Auj E Kamal. (2020). Use Of 'Open Data' In Urdu Literature Research And Its Effectiveness. Liberal Arts And Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ), 4(1), 219-230. Retrieved From Http://Journals.Pu.Edu.Pk/Journals/Index.Php/Jms/Article/Viewfile/3734/1824

Shabbir,T.,Abro.M. (2019). Impact Of 'Open Data' On 'News Media' And Its Effectiveness In Social And Political Development Of Pakistan (A Case Study From U.K. Perspective). Dialogue, 14(3), 161-171. Retrieved From Https://Ideapublishers.Org/Index.Php/Lassij/Article/View/163/99

Sharma, Usha, Cultural, Religious And Economic Life Of Jammu, Kashmir, And Ladakh, New Delhi: Radha Publications, 2001

Smith, Vincent A. The Oxford History Press, 1958.2!. India. London: The Clarendon

Talbot, Philips. "Kashmir And Hyderabad." World Politics, I Pp. 321-332. (April, 1949),

Thorner, Alice. "The Issues In Kashmir." Far Eastern Survey, XVII (August, 1948), Pp. 173-178

United Nations. Press Release (PM 473, August 12, 1947)

Valkenburg, P.M., Piotrowski J.T., 2017, Plugged In: How Media Attract And Affect Youth, New Haven, And London, Yale University PRESS, ISBN 978-0-300-21887-9

White Paper On Jammu And Kashmir. New Delhi: Government -1948. Hindustan Times,Year 1950.

William, Rushbrook. "The Indus Canal Watet's Problem." Asian Review, LI (April, 1955), Pp. 137-154.

Zinkin, Taya. "Indian Foreign Policy." World Politics, VII (January, 1955), Pp. 179-208.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 246 times | PDF view : 31 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.