Interpersonal Relationship and Personality Development on the Main Character in R.J Palacio’s Wonder Novel

Eka Margianti Sagimin(1*), Linda Nurarsita Damayanti(2),

(1) English Department- Universitas Pamulang
(2) English Department- Universitas Pamulang
(*) Corresponding Author



This study aims to find the personality development of the main character in the Wonder novel, August Pullman. The objective of this study is to show how August’s interpersonal relationship depicted in the novel and influenced his personality development. The theory of Interpersonal Relationship from Harry S. Sullivan is used to analyze how August’s social interaction with others affect his personality development. This study found that someone’s personality development can be seen through the relationship between individual and others. In addition, to find out the factors of personality development, this study uses Elizabeth B. Hurlock’s theory of Personality Development. Some factors which are responsible for someone’s change are changes in environment, changes in social pressure and changes in self-concept. Based on the analysis, August’s personality in Wonder novel is described as an unconfident, weak, and has limit social interaction developed into confident, brave, and independent kid

Full Text:



Bennet. A & Royle. N (2004) Introduction to Literature Criticism and Theory. Great Britain: British Library

Creswell. J. W (2003) Educational Research Methodology. Boston: Pearson Education.

Ewen, R. B, (2010) An Introduction to Theories of Personality. New York: Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Feist, J., & Feist, G. J. (2008). Theories of Personality (7th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Forster, E. M. (1956). Aspects of the novel. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.

Hurlock, B. Elizabeth, 1974. Personality Development. New Delhi: Tata Mc Graw Hill.

Naisaban. (2004) Para Psikolog Terkemuka Dunia: pokok Pikiran, riwayat hidup dan karya. Jakarta: Gramedia

Kenney, W. (1966). How to Analyze Fiction. New York : Monarch Press. Print.

Kernberg, O. (2016) Journal of Personality Disorder, Volum 30 (2), 145-156 : The Gullford Press.

Kernberg, O. F., & Caligor, E. (2005). A Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality Disorder. New York: The Guilford Press.

Mangold, R. F. (2012). Richard F. Mangold. Retrieved July, 9 2018, from Illinois Valley Community College:

Marcia, J. E., Waterman, A. S., Matteson, D. R., Archer, S. L., & Orlofsky, J. L. (1993). Ego Identity: A Handbook for Psychosocial Research. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.

Mihailovic, D. & Lojic, R. (2003) Interaction of Personality and Interpersonal Relations. Tour.hosp.manag, 9(2),97-106.

Monte, F. (1877) Beneath the Mask. New York: Praegar Publishers, Print.

Nordelman, P & Reimer, M. (2003). The pleasures of children’s literature. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Oldham, J. M., & Morris, L. B. (1995). New Personality Self Portrait. New York: Bantam Book

Pallacio, R.J (2012). Wonder. Great Britain: Penguin Random House.

Richard Barsam, (2007). Looking at Movies: an Introduction to Film, 2nd ed, New York: W. W. Norton & Company.

Reeve, C. (1785) Progress of Romance. Great Britain: Frederic Warne.

Santrok, J. W (2005), Psychology Updated Seventh Edition. New York: McGraw Hill.

Sullivan, H. S, edited by Perry, H. S & Gawel, M. (1953) The Interpersonal Theory of Psychiatry . Great Britain: Tavistock Publication Limited.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 331 times | PDF view : 43 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


Flag Counter