Phonological Adaptation of Hokkien Loanwords in Indonesian

Uti Aryanti(1*),

(1) Department of Chinese Language and Literature, Peking University
(*) Corresponding Author




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26858/eralingua.v5i1.15887

Abstract


Abstract. The Chinese loan words in Indonesian mainly come from the Hokkien. Many scholars have studied the Hokkien loanwords in Indonesian, but they analyzed from the perspective of semantics and culture, and there is still little research on phonological adaptation. This research attempts to answer three questions, namely, what phonological adaptation do the Hokkien loanwords in Indonesian have in the process of being accepted? Are there sound correspondences between Hokkien loanwords in Indonesian? What are the phonological rules for phonological adaptation of Hokkien loanwords in Indonesian? This research is mainly based on the literature method and comparative research method. Data were collected through literature search and recording. The collected data were processed for natural hearing, a comparative analysis of two Indonesian Hokkien speakers' sound production, and four Indonesian speakers' sound production is conducted. The sound production of the speakers are segmented and coded manually using Praat Version 6.0 (Boersma & Weenink, 2015) focused on the measurements of the acoustic parameters of the sounds produced differently by the two groups of informants and, finally, summed up. Since Indonesian has a more uncomplicated vowel system and a different consonant inventory, when we look at the Hokkien loanwords in Indonesian, we will observe many substitution rules. To maintain the Indonesian syllable structure and phonological restrictions, the Indonesian phonological rules that appear in certain environments are considered to apply to Hokkien loanwords.

Keywords: Language contact, Hokkien loanwords, Phonological adaptation


Full Text:

PDF

References


Alwi, H (et.al). (2003). Tata Bahasa Baku Bahasa Indonesia. Balai Pustaka.

Boersma, P., & Weenink, D. (2015). Praat: doing phonetics by computer [Computer program]. https://www.fon.hum.uva.nl/praat/

Jones, R. (gen. ed.). (2008). Loanwords in Indonesian and Malay. KITLV & Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Kabul, A. R. (2007). Kata Serapan Bahasa Hokkian: Subdialek Xiamen dalam Bahasa Indonesia. Fakultas Ilmu Pengetahuan Budaya Universitas Indonesia.

Kong, Y. (1987). A Study of Chinese Loanwords (South Fujian Dialect) in the Malay and Indonesia. Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences of Southeast Asia and Oceania 143 (4).

Leo, P. (1975). Chinese Loan-words Spoken by the Inhabitants of the City of Jakarta. LIPI.

Lewis, M. Paul, ed. (2005), "Indonesia", Ethnologue: Languages of the World (15th ed.). SIL International.

Lin, X. (2016). Xīnjiāpō Mǐnnánhuà Yīngyǔ jiècí de yīnxì fènxī (Phonological adaptation of English loanwords in Singapore Hokkien) (Unpublished masters’ thesis). The National University of Singapore.

Mei, D. (2017). Yǔyánxué yǔ yīngyòng yǔyánxué bǎikē quánshū (Encyclopedia of Linguistics and Applied Linguistics. Beijing University Press.

Samsuri. (1981). Analisis Bahasa. Penerbit Erlangga.

Skinner, G. William. (1963). ‘The Chinese minority’, in R.T. McVey (ed.), Indonesia. Survey of World Cultures (Southeast Asia Studies, Yale University), 97–117, New Haven (CT): Human Relations Area Files.

Tang, G & Guo Xi. (2016). Yìnníyǔzhōng de Hànyǔ jiècí (Chinese loanwords in Indonesian). Yǔyán Wénzì Yīngyòng, (3), 144.

Thomason, Sarah & Terrence Kaufman. (1988). Language Contact,

Creolization and Genetic Linguistics. University of California Press.

Verhaar, J. W. M. (1982). Pengantar Linguistik. Gadjah Mada University Press.

Verhaar, J. W. M. (1996). Asas-asas Linguistik Umum. Gadjah Mada University Press.

Yang, Q. (2008). Yìnníyǔ Mǐnnánhuà jiècí jí qí yánjiū de wénhuà yǔyánxué sīkǎo (Cultural and Linguistic Ponder of Hokkien Loanwords in Indonesian and It's Research). Shǒujiè Hǎiwài Hànyǔ Fāngyán Guójì Yántǎohuì (The first International Conference on Overseas Chinese Dialects).


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 115 times | PDF view : 3 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

 

Flag Counter