Contestation of Perspectives Toward Suicide in The Film Monsieur Lazhar (2011) by Philippe Falardeau

Tesya Imanisa Setiadi(1), Wening Udasmoro(2*), Hayatul Cholsy(3),

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author



Abstract. Suicide is one of the causes of death that occurs in a global scope but always causes divisive perspectives in various circles of society. For most people, suicide is a taboo topic, but not for other groups. The film Monsieur Lazhar (2011) is a film that shows the different perspectives between different age groups, namely the adult age group and the young age group, on a suicide that occurred at an elementary school in Montreal, Canada. This study aims at determining the different perspectives of the two different parties on suicide and the reasons for these differences in views. Pierre Bourdieu’s Champ de Force theory is the lens used in this research. The difference in perspective is influenced by the disposition system which Bourdieu calls the habitus. Habitus operates in a realm (champ). In the film, the domain in question is school. Meanwhile, Durkheim’s theory of suicide was chosen to determine the relationship of social problems to suicide. The method used in this research is content analysis. The data used are the chronological text of the scenes and the transcript of the conversations from the film. From the research, it was found that the school, which is the adult age group, has a counter and stigmatic view of suicide, reinforced by perceptions of psychological problems and social taboos. Meanwhile, students, who are in the young age group, tend to view suicide as a problem related to personal aspects and personal experiences so that they do not have a judgmental attitude like the school.


Keywords : Suicide, Contestation, Realm, Perspective, Habitus

Full Text:



Adelino A. G. Pereira & Francisco M. S. Cardoso. (2019). Stigmatising Attitudes Towards Suicide by Gender and Age. CES Psicología, 12(1), 3–16.

Al-Harrasi, A., Al Maqbali, M., & Al-Sinawi, H. (2016). Surviving a Suicide Attempt. Oman Medical Journal, 31(5), 378–380.

Ayuningtyas, I. P. I. (2018, October 10). Penerapan strategi penanggulangan penanganan PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) pada anak-anak dan remaja. 1st ASEAN School Counselor Conference on Innovation and Creativity in Counseling.

Biroli, A. (2018). Bunuh Diri Dalam Perspektif Sosiologi. Simulacra, 1(2), 213–223.

Bourdieu, P. (1980). Questions de sociologie (The Question of Sociology). Minuit.

Bourdieu, P. (1994). The Field of Cultural Production: Essays on Art and Literature (R. Johnson, Trans.). Columbia University Press.

Brådvik, L. (2018). Suicide Risk and Mental Disorders. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(9), 2028.

Carpiniello, B., & Pinna, F. (2017). The Reciprocal Relationship between Suicidality and Stigma. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 8.

Cvinar, J. G. (2005). Do suicide survivors suffer social stigma: A review of the literature. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 41(1), 14–21.

Dumesnil, H., & Verger, P. (2009). Public Awareness Campaigns About Depression and Suicide: A Review. Psychiatric Services, 60(9), 1203–1213.

Dupéré, V., Leventhal, T., & Lacourse, E. (2009). Neighborhood poverty and suicidal thoughts and attempts in late adolescence. Psychological Medicine, 39(8), 1295–1306.

Eskin, M. (2020). Suicidal Behavior in the Mediterranean Countries. Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health, 16(1).

Evans-Lacko, S., Henderson, C., & Thornicroft, G. (2013). Public knowledge, attitudes and behaviour regarding people with mental illness in England 2009-2012. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 202(s55), s51–s57.

Foo, X. Y., Mohd. Alwi, Muhd. N., Ismail, S. I. F., Ibrahim, N., & Jamil Osman, Z. (2014). Religious Commitment, Attitudes Toward Suicide, and Suicidal Behaviors Among College Students of Different Ethnic and Religious Groups in Malaysia. Journal of Religion and Health, 53(3), 731–746.

Fulginiti, A., & Frey, L. M. (2019). Exploring suicide-related disclosure motivation and the impact on mechanisms linked to suicide. Death Studies, 43(9), 562–569.

Grover, K. E., Green, K. L., Pettit, J. W., Monteith, L. L., Garza, M. J., & Venta, A. (2009). Problem solving moderates the effects of life event stress and chronic stress on suicidal behaviors in adolescence. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 65(12), 1281–1290.

Harada, K., Eto, N., Honda, Y., Kawano, N., Ogushi, Y., Matsuo, M., & Nishimura, R. (2014). A comparison of the characteristics of suicide attempters with and without psychiatric consultation before their suicidal behaviours: A cross-sectional study. BMC Psychiatry, 14(1), 146.

Haryatmoko. (2014, December 10). Habitus dan Kapital dalam Strategi Kekuasaan (Teori Strukturasi Pierre Bourdieu dengan Orientasi Budaya). Lecture Series, Ruang Sidang 1 FIB UGM.

Karnanta, K. Y. (2013). Paradigma Teori Arena Produksi Kultural Sastra: Kajian Terhadap Pemikiran Pierre Bourdieu. Poetika : Jurnal Ilmu Sastra, 1(1), Article 1.

Keller, S., McNeill, V., Honea, J., & Paulson Miller, L. (2019). A Look at Culture and Stigma of Suicide: Textual Analysis of Community Theatre Performances. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(3), 352.

Kirnandita, P., & Putsanra, D. V. (2018). Beban Berlapis Orang-Orang yang Ditinggal Bunuh Diri.

Krisdinanto, N. (2016). Pierre Bourdieu, Sang Juru Damai. Kanal: Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi, 2(2), 189-206–206.

Kumar, C. T. S., Mohan, R., Ranjith, G., & Chandrasekaran, R. (2006). Characteristics of high intent suicide attempters admitted to a general hospital. Journal of Affective Disorders, 91(1), 77–81.

Lafontaine, S. (2016). Quid de l’habitus ?. Réflexions en compagnie de Pierre Bourdieu et d’Edmund Husserl. Revue de l’Institut de Sociologie, 86, 119–134.

Laglaoui Bakhiyi, C., Jaussent, I., Beziat, S., Cohen, R., Genty, C., Kahn, J.-P., Leboyer, M., Le Vaou, P., Guillaume, S., & Courtet, P. (2017). Positive and negative life events and reasons for living modulate suicidal ideation in a sample of patients with history of suicide attempts. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 88, 64–71.

Leo, N. (2018, May 16). 3 Azab Mengerikan dalam Islam Ini Akan Diterima oleh Setiap Pelaku Bunuh Diri—Pos Kupang. Pos-Kupang.

Linggasari, Y. (2015, November 9). WHO: Tiap 40 Detik, Satu Orang Mati Bunuh Diri. CNN Indonesia.

Little, W. (2014). Introduction to Sociology—1st Canadian Edition. OpenStax College.

Liu, X., & Tein, J.-Y. (2005). Life events, psychopathology, and suicidal behavior in Chinese adolescents. Journal of Affective Disorders, 86(2–3), 195–203.

Mannarini, S., & Boffo, M. (2015). Anxiety, bulimia, drug and alcohol addiction, depression, and schizophrenia: What do you think about their aetiology, dangerousness, social distance, and treatment? A latent class analysis approach. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 50(1), 27–37.

Milner, A., Witt, K., LaMontagne, A. D., & Niedhammer, I. (2018). Psychosocial job stressors and suicidality: A meta-analysis and systematic review. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 75(4), 245–253.

Na, K.-S., Oh, K.-S., Lim, S.-W., Ryu, S.-H., Lee, J.-Y., Hong, J. P., & Cho, S.-J. (2018). Association between age and attitudes toward suicide. The European Journal of Psychiatry, 32(1), 44–51.

Nursalam, N., & Nugrawati, N. (2018). Gantung Diri Sebagai Penyimpangan Sosial Terhadap Norma Agama. Equilibrium: Jurnal Pendidikan, 6(1), 44–52.

Oexle, N., Ajdacic-Gross, V., Kilian, R., Müller, M., Rodgers, S., Xu, Z., Rössler, W., & Rüsch, N. (2017). Mental illness stigma, secrecy and suicidal ideation. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 26(1), 53–60.

Olson, R. (2013). Suicide and Stigma. Centre for Suicide Prevention.

O’Reilly, D., & Rosato, M. (2015). Religion and the risk of suicide: Longitudinal study of over 1 million people. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 206(6), 466–470.

Quidu, M. (1983). La prévention du suicide. Soins. Psychiatrie, 32–33, 31–34.

Safitri, A. N. (2015). Pergulatan Iman Budhi Santosa untuk Mencapai Posisi Terkonsekrasi dalam Arena Sastra Yogyakarta. Poetika : Jurnal Ilmu Sastra, 3(2), Article 2.

Siauw, B. P. (2018, July 26). Bahaya Bagi Kesehatan Jiwa dalam Berita Bunuh Diri—Remotivi. Remotivi.

Stack, S., & Kposowa, A. J. (2011). Religion and Suicide Acceptability: A Cross-National Analysis. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 50(2), 289–306.

Sussman, T. (2019, October 25). To die well, we must talk about death before the end of life. The Conversation.

Tichote. (2010, August 19). Parler du suicide, c’est tabou: Ne pas en parler c’est un crime. AgoraVox.

Udasmoro, W. (2012). Pendidikan Karakter dalam Sastra Anak. Sastra Prancis Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Udasmoro, W. (2014). Konstruksi Indentitas Remaja dalam Karya Sastra. Program Studi Sastra Prancis Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Windfuhr, K., & Kapur, N. (2011). Suicide and mental illness: A clinical review of 15 years findings from the UK National Confidential Inquiry into Suicide. British Medical Bulletin, 100(1), 101–121.

Yen, S., Pagano, M. E., Shea, M. T., Grilo, C. M., Gunderson, J. G., Skodol, A. E., McGlashan, T. H., Sanislow, C. A., Bender, D. S., & Zanarini, M. C. (2005). Recent life events preceding suicide attempts in a personality disorder sample: Findings from the collaborative longitudinal personality disorders study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73(1), 99–105.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 411 times | PDF view : 5 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


Flag Counter


Eralingua has been indexed by: