Survey on EFL Students’ Writing Anxiety: Level, Types, and Causes

Syarifudin Syarifudin(1*),

(1) UIN Mataram
(*) Corresponding Author




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26858/eralingua.v4i2.13925

Abstract


This study attempts to investigate the EFL learners’ writing anxiety. Being more specific, the researcher was interested to measure the EFL learners’ writing anxiety levels, to find out types of writing anxieties (i.e., Somatic Anxiety, Cognitive Anxiety, Avoidance Behavior), and elaborate the triggering factors of writing anxiety. The research subjects were 28students who registered for Essay Writing in English Study Program; Two different questionnaires were administered to gather the data; SLWAI questionnaire designed by Cheng (2004) and another questionnaire developed by Zhang (2011). To investigate the level of writing anxiety and its types, the data from the SLWAI questionnaire were analyzed and calculated to find the mean. Moreover, to find out the causes of writing anxiety, the data from the second questionnaire were ranked from 1-7 based on the most chosen items. The findings showed that students experience high level of anxiety (M=65.86, >65). Then the most common type of anxiety was Cognitive Anxiety, and the mean score is 23.9 in which it was the highest of all the types. Furthermore, linguistics difficulties (82%), lack of topical knowledge (68%), and insufficient writing technique (60%) were the dominant sources of students’ writing anxiety


Full Text:

PDF

References


Aljafen, B., S. (2013). Writing Anxiety among EFL Saudi Students in Science Colleges and Departments at Saudi University. (Thesis). Retrieved from http://dspace.iup.edu/bitstream/handle/2069/1956/Bandar%20Saleh%20Aljafen.pdf?sequence=1

Ariyanti, A., & Fitriana, R. (2017). EFL Students’ Difficulties and Needs in Essay Writing.Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research (ASSEHR), 158, 111–121.

Armendaris, F. (2009).Writing Anxiety Among English As A Second Language Students Enrolled In Academic English Writing Classes. The Claremont Graduate University: ProQuest

Baleghizadeh, S., &Gordani, Y. (2012). Academic writing and grammatical accuracy: The role of corrective feedback. Gist Education and Learning Research Journal, 6, 159-176.

Chen, Y. M. (Fall/Winter 2002). The problems of university EFL writing in Taiwan. The Korea TESOL Journal.5(1), 59-79.

Cheng, Y., S. (2004). A Measure of Second Language Writing Anxiety: Scale Development and Preliminary Validation. Journal of Second Language Writing, 13, 313-15.

Cohen, Louis., L. Manion & K. Morrison. (2000). Research Method in Education: 5 th edition. New York: Routledge Falmer.

Daud, N. S. M., Daud, N. M., & Kassim, L. N. A. (2005). Second language writing anxiety: Cause or effect? Malaysian Journal of ELT Research, Inaugural. Retrieved fromhttp://www.melta.org.my/Doc/second_lang_writing_anxiety.pdf

Fareed, M., Ashraf, A., & Bilal, M. (2016). ESL Learners’ Writing Skills: Problems, Factors, and Suggestions. Journal of Education and Social Sciences, 4(2), 81–92

Fitrianada, D. M., Loeneto, B. A., & Fiftinova, (2018), Students’ Writing Anxiety and Its Correlation wth Writing Performance. The Journal of English Literacy Education, 5(2), 194-206

Hasan, J., & Marzuki, M. (2017). An Analysis of Student’s Ability in Writing at Riau University Pekanbaru. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 7(5), 380–388.

Huwari, I. F., & Aziz, N. H. A. (2011). Writing apprehension in English among Jordanian Postgraduate students at Universiti Utara Malaysia (UMM). Academic Research International, 1(2), 190-198.

Krashen, S. D. (1982). Principle and practice in second language acquisition. Univesity of southern California: Pergamon Press

Mojica, L.A. (2010). An investigation on self-reported writing problems and actual writing deficiencies of EFL learners in the beginners’ level. TESOL Journal.vol. 2, pp 24-38.

Pratiwi, K. D., (2011). Students’ Difficulties in Writing English. Skripsi. University of Bengkulu

Rahmatunisa, W. (2014). Problems Faced by Indonesian EFL Learners in

Writing Argumentative Essay. Journal of English Education, 3(1)

Rima, R. (2013, May). Speeding up students’ writing through ungraded writing activity. Poster session presented at the International TEFL Conference, UNS: Solo

Sarfaz, S. (2011). Error Analysis of the Written English Essays of Pakistani Undergraduate Students: A Case Study. Asian Transactions on Basic & Applied Sciences (ATBAS), 1(3), 29-51.

Toba, R., Noor, W. N., & Sanu, L. O., (2019). The Current Issues of Indonesian EFL Students’ Writing Skills: Ability, Problem, and Reason in Writing Comparison and Contrast Essay. Dinamika Ilmu, 19 (1).

Wahyuni, D., Mukhaiyar, & Syarif H. (2013), Fossilized Spelling Errors in Paragraph Writing Committed by the English Department Students at the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education of Bung Hatta University. Journal English Language Teaching (ELT), 1(1), 65-78

Wahyuni, S., & Umam, M. K. (2017). An Analysis on Writing Anxiety of Indonesian EFL College Learners. JEELS, 4(1).

Zhang, H. (2011). A Study On ESL Writing Anxiety Among Chinese English Majors - Causes, Effects And Coping Strategies For ESL Writing Anxiety. Kristianstad University: Sweden


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 1161 times | PDF view : 3 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

 

Flag Counter