Verb Conjugation in Different Languages: A Preliminary Study in Developing German Grammar Book Based Contrastive Analysis

Mantasiah R(1), Yusri Yusri(2), Arlian Fachrul Syaputra(3), Femmy Angreany(4), Hasmawati Hasmawati(5*),

(1) Universitas Negeri Makassar
(2) Universitas Fajar
(3) Universitas Negeri Makassar
(4) Universitas Negeri Makassar
(5) Universitas Negeri Makassar
(*) Corresponding Author




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26858/eralingua.v4i2.13121

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to investigate the verb conjugation process of German, Bahasa, and English. This study used a contrastive analysis which is one of approaches in applied linguistics. Data consisted of words and sentences in German, Bahasa, and English, and were analyzed descriptively. This article is a preliminary study which aims to do need analysis in developing German grammar book based contrastive analysis approach. Finding shows that there are 4 factors causing verb of a sentence should be conjugated: 1) Verb Conjugation Adjusted with Person as Subject,  2) Verb Conjugation Adjusted with active-passive voice sentence, 3) Verb Conjugation Adjusted with tenses of sentence, 4) Verb Conjugation Adjusted with quantifier factor of sentence subject.

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