The Use of Lexeme HEAD in English and Indonesian Compound Words: A Contrastive Analysis

Truly Almendo Pasaribu(1), Danang Satria Nugraha(2*),

(1) Sanata Dharma University
(2) Sanata Dharma University
(*) Corresponding Author




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26858/eralingua.v4i2.13073

Abstract


Compounding is a common word-formation process in Bahasa Indonesia (BI) and English (EN) as it can be found in constructions of the words headline, headmaster, and kepala berita, kepala sekolah in BI, which are widely used by the speakers of the languages. This study scrutinizes the constructions and the senses of lexeme HEAD and KEPALA from contrastive linguistic perspective. It aims at describing (1) The constructions of compound words containing lexeme HEAD and (2) the extended senses of lexeme HEAD in the compound word constructions in BI and EN. The data, taken from Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia and Cambridge Online Dictionary, were collected and analyzed using contrastive analysis. The data were collected and analyzed through observation and close reading techniques. The discussion highlighted the similarities and differences of the constructions and extended senses of compound words containing lexeme HEAD. In BI, lexeme kepala is combined with nouns, adjectives, while in English lexeme HEAD is combined with nouns, adjectives, gerunds, and prepositions. In BI the extended senses of lexeme head refer to leader, hair, the most important, the tip of things, and personality, while there are six extended senses in EN, namely leader, hair, the most important part, the tip of things, personality, and movement. The extensions show human creativity to produce and comprehend metaphors and metonymy in context to express ideas that are abstract with something more familiar and concrete

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bandura, A. (1999). A social cognitive theory of personality. In L. Pervin & O. John (Ed.), Handbook of personality (2nd ed., pp. 154-196). New York: Guilford Publications.

Baryadi, I. P. (2011). General Morphology: An Indonesian-language Perspective. Sanata Dharma University Press.

Berg, T. (2017) Compounding in German and English: A quantitative translation study. Languages in Contrast, 17(1), 43–68. doi 10.1075/lic.17.1.03berEnago. (n.d.) Diakses pada 19 April 2020 pada https://www.enago.com/academy/how-to-write-a-running-head/

Finegan, E., Besnier, N., Blair, D., Collins, P. (1992). Language: Its structure and uses. Sydney: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Goddard, C., & Wierzbicka, A. (2009). Contrastive semantics of physical activity verbs: ‘Cutting’ and ‘chopping’ in English, Polish, and Japanese. Language Sciences, 31(1), 60–96. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.langsci.2007.10.002

Goddard, C., & Wierzbicka, A. (2011). Semantics and cognition: Semantics and cognition. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, 2(2), 125–135. https://doi.org/10.1002/wcs.101

Hovav, M. R., Doron, E., & Sichel, I. (Eds.). (2010). Lexical semantics, syntax, and event structure. Oxford University Press.

Kridalaksana, H. (1988). Beberapa Prinsip Perpaduan Leksem dalam Bahasa Indonesia. Kanisius.

Lakoff, G., & Johnson, M. (2003). Metaphors we live by. 1980. Chicago: U Of Chicago P.

Lyons, J. (1968). Introduction to Theoretical Linguistic. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Lefer, M.-A. (2011). Contrastive Word-Formation Today: Retrospect and Prospect. Poznań Studies in Contemporary Linguistics, 47(4), 645–682. https://doi.org/doi:10.2478/psicl-2011-0034

Ningsih. (2004). Perpaduan leksem anggota tubuh dalam bahasa Indonesia. Program Pascasarjana Linguistik, UGM.

Nugraha, D. S. (2016). Perluasan Makna Leksem Anak dalam Bahasa Indonesia. Sirok Bastra, 4(1), 7–16.

Nugraha, D. S. (2018). Perluasan leksem ibu dalam bahasa Indonesia: Tinjauan semantik. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pertemuan Ilmiah Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia XL, 661–672.

Nugraha, D. S., & Baryadi, I. P. (2019). Perbandingan fitur morfologis antara verba denominatif dalam bahasa Indonesia dan bahasa Inggris. Sirok Bastra, 7(2), 107–117.

Pasaribu, T. A. (2014). Polysemy and semantic extension of lexeme HOT. LLT Journal: A Journal on Language and Language Teaching, 17(1), 51–60.

Pasaribu T. A. (2016). Domains of political metaphors in presidential speeches. Language and Language Teaching Journal, 19(2), 96-104

Pasaribu, T. A. (2019). Polysemy and metaphorical extensions of temperature terms: Warm and cool. Scipt Journal: Journal of Linguistics and English Teaching, 4(2), 101–111.

Radden, G., & Dirven, R. (2017). Cognitive English Grammar. Philadelphia: John Benjamin.

Rajeg, G. P. W. (2015) Polisemi pada leksem HEAD: Tinjauan linguistik kognitif. figshare. Master's Thesis, Universitas Udayana, Bali. https://doi.org/10.4225/03/564AAAF9244F7

Salary. (n.d.) Diakses pada 19 April 2020 pada https://www.salary.com/research/jobs/head-teller-jobs/spokane-wa Worcester Public Library. (n.d.) Diakses pada 19 April 2020 pada http://www.gossagesager.com/WPLjobdesc.pdf

Saraswati, B, & Pasaribu, T. A. (2019). Metadiscourse markers and gender variation in journal articles. SKASE Journal of Theoretical Linguistics, 16(1), 79-92

Smolka, E., Komlósi, S., & Rösler, F. (2009). When semantics means less than morphology: The processing of German prefixed verbs. Language and Cognitive Processes, 24(3), 337–375. https://doi.org/10.1080/01690960802075497

Štekauer, P., & Lieber, R. (Eds.). (2005). Handbook of word-formation. Dordrecht: Springer.

Sudaryanto. (2015). Metode dan Aneka Teknik Analisis Bahasa: Pengantar Penelitian Wahana Kebudayaan secara Linguistis. Sanata Dharma University Press.

Ullman, S. (1977). Semantics: An introduction to the science of meaning. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Wallis. (n.d.) Diakses pada 19 April 2020 pada https://www.an-wallis.co.uk/products/earthing/driving-heads

Wijana, I. D. P. (2010). Pengantar Semantik Bahasa Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Prodi S2 Linguistik UGM & Pustaka Pelajar.

Wijana, I. D. P. (2016). Metode Linguistik: Identifikasi Satuan-satuan Lingual. A Com Press.

Zimmermann, M. (2007). Contrastive Focus. In C. Féry, G. Fanselow, & M. Krifka (Eds.), Interdisciplinary Studies on Information Structure (Vol. 6, pp. 147–159). Universitätsverlag Potsdam. http://info.ub.uni-potsdam.de/verlag.htm


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 410 times | PDF view : 2 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

 

Flag Counter