Gender Inequality in The Novel “Death of an Ex-Minister” by Nawal El Saadawi

Juhana Juhana(1*), Nur Qalbi(2), Sri Arfani(3),

(1) Universitas Terbuka
(2) Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar
(3) Universitas Bina Sarana Informatika
(*) Corresponding Author




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26858/eralingua.v5i1.12543

Abstract


Abstract. This study aims to describe the gender inequality contained in the novel Death of an Ex-Minister by Nawal el Saadawi using gender theory by Mansour Fakih (2005) which includes marginalization, subordination, stereotype, violence, and workload. The method used was descriptive qualitative. The results showed that there was gender inequality that was manifested in four forms: marginalization, subordination, stereotyping, and violence. Marginalization occurs in the form of dismissals by male superiors to female employees who were considered to often express opinions that differ from them. Subordination was indicated by the position of women who were lower than men. Whereas, stereotyping occurred with the negative attachment of a husband to his wife that because he was the one who gave food he had the right to do anything to his wife. The violence occurred in the form of physical violence by a husband against his wife and sexual violence experienced by a woman who was raped by ten men.

 

Keywords: Gender, Gender Inequality, the novel Death of an Ex-Minister


Full Text:

PDF

References


Albantani, A. M., & Madkur, A. (2017). “ Musyahadat Al Fidyu”: YouTube-Based Teaching and Learning of Arabic as Foreign Language (AFL). Dinamika Ilmu, 17(2), 291–308.

Baliamoune–Lutz, M., & McGillivray, M. (2015). The impact of gender inequality in education on income in Africa and the Middle East. Economic Modelling, 47, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ECONMOD.2014.11.031

Bauer, N. M. (2013). Rethinking stereotype reliance: Understanding the connection between female candidates and gender stereotypes. Politics and the Life Sciences, 32(01), 22–42. https://doi.org/10.2990/32_1_22

Cooray, A., & Potrafke, N. (2011). Gender inequality in education: Political institutions or culture and religion? European Journal of Political Economy, 27(2), 268–280. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.EJPOLECO.2010.08.004

Emzir, & Rohman, S. (2015). Teori dan Pengajaran Sastra. Jakarta: Rajawali Press.

Fakih, M. (1997). Analisis Gender & Transformasi Sosial. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Fakih, M. (2005). Analisis Gender & Transformasi Sosial. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Garcia-Moreno, C., & Watts, C. (2011). Violence against women: an urgent public health priority. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 89(1), 2–2. https://doi.org/10.2471/BLT.10.085217

Haryanti, A., & Suwana, F. (2014). The Construction of Feminism in Indonesian Film: Arisan 2! Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 155, 236–241. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.SBSPRO.2014.10.285

Hentschel, T., Heilman, M. E., & Peus, C. V. (2019). The Multiple Dimensions of Gender Stereotypes: A Current Look at Men’s and Women’s Characterizations of Others and Themselves. Frontiers in Psychology, 10(JAN), 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00011

Herawati, Y. (2013). Citra Perempuan Dalam Novel Upacara, Api Awan Asap, Dan Bunga Karya Korrie Layun Rampan (Image Women in Novels Upacara, Api Awan Asap, and Bunga of Korrie Layun Rampan ). ATAVISME, 16(1), 43–56.

Hidayah, S., Subiyantoro, S., Wardhani, N., & Saddhono, K. (2019). Feminism in Javanese Culture: An Analysis of Gender Inequality in Alun Samudra Rasa Novel. In Proceedings of the Proceedings of the 1st Seminar and Workshop on Research Design, for Education, Social Science, Arts, and Humanities, SEWORD FRESSH 2019, April 27 2019, Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia. EAI. https://doi.org/10.4108/eai.27-4-2019.2286909

Kaprisma, H., Studi, P., Fakultas, R., Pengetahuan Budaya, I., Indonesia, U., & Id, K. A. (2018). Representation of Women to Gender Construction: Analysis of Memoar Comparative Literature of A Women’s Doctor and My Hiroko. ELite Journal : International Journal of Education, Language, and Literature E-ISSN (Vol. 1). Retrieved from https://journal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/elite

Krob, D. B., & Steffen, L. (2015). Religious Influence on Education and Culture: Violence Against Women as Common Sense. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 174, 2374–2379. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.SBSPRO.2015.01.903

Leiliyanti, E. (2009). Pola Pencapaian Kesadaran Tokoh Utama Perempuan Tertindas Dalam Novel Far From The Madding Crowd Karya Thomas hardy dan The Tenant Of Wildfell Hall Karya Anne Bronte. ATAVISME, 12(2), 113–126. https://doi.org/10.24257/atavisme.v12i2.163.113-126

Nurgiyantoro, B. (2009). Teori Pengkajian Fiksi. Yogyakarta: Gadjahmada University Press.

Permatasari, D. B. A. (2017). Resistensi Tokoh-Tokoh Perempuan Terhadap Patriarki Dalam Novel Garis Perempuan Karya Sanie B. Kuncoro (Resistence of Women Characters to Patriarchy in Novel Garis Perempuan by Sanie B. Kuncoro). Jentera: Jurnal Kajian Sastra, 6(2), 94–109.

Prasetyawan Purnomosidhi, N. A., & Lustyantie, N. (2018). Characterizations Of Women Widowed In The Short Story Namanya, Massa, Tarian Hamil Dan Penyair Bulan, And Norhayati (Literary Review Cross Reference). BAHTERA : Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Dan Sastra, 17(1), 111–122. https://doi.org/10.21009/BAHTERA.171.9

Quyoom, S. (2017). Women Struggle: A Critical Analysis Of Woman At Point Zero And The Color Purple. People: International Journal of Social Sciences, 3(1), 890–807. https://doi.org/10.20319/pijss.2017.s31.890907

Santosa, A. (2013). Posisi Perempuan dalam Tempurung dan Ayu Manda: Dua Novel Karya Perempuan dan Laki­Laki Pengarang Bali. ATAVISME, 16(2), 229–245. https://doi.org/10.24257/atavisme.v16i2.96.229-245

Sultana, A. (2011). Patriarchy and Women’s Subordination: A Theoretical Analysis. The Arts Faculty Journal, (June 2010-July 2011).

Turaeni, N. N. T. (2010). Resistensi Perempuan Multikultural dalam Novel Seroja Karya Sunaryono Basuki: Kajian Feminis. ATAVISME, 13(2), 257–264. https://doi.org/10.24257/atavisme.v13i2.136.257-264

Xu, H., Zhang, Z., Wu, L., & Wang, C.-J. (2019). The Cinderella Complex: Word embeddings reveal gender stereotypes in movies and books. PLOS ONE, 14(11), e0225385. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0225385

Yahya, M. I. S. (2016). Perjuangan Perempuan Meraih Kemandirian Dalam Ruang Sosial Studi Atas Novel Midah Simanis Bergigi Emas Karya Pramodya Ananta Toer. Retorika: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Pengajarannya, 9(1). https://doi.org/10.26858/RETORIKA.V9I1.3792


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 64 times | PDF view : 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

 

Flag Counter