Contrastive Study of Chinese and Indonesian Passive Sentences

Karina Fefi Laksana Sakti(1*), Sunarti Sunarti(2), Aiga Ventivani(3),

(1) Prodi Pendidikan Bahasa Mandarin Fakultas Sastra Universitas Negeri Malang
(2) Chinese Study Program, Faculty of Letters, Universitas Negeri Malang1
(3) Chinese Study Program, Faculty of Letters, Universitas Negeri Malang1
(*) Corresponding Author




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26858/eralingua.v4i2.11505

Abstract


 The purpose of this study was to compare Chinese and Indonesian passive sentences. This article belongs to the description of qualitative research. The research methods used in this paper are description and contrastive analysis method.  The data source of this research is the Chinese and Indonesian references. The data of this research are in the form of descriptions of Mandarin passive sentences and Indonesian passive sentences. Data collection techniques in this research is to collect data relevant to research from various sources then arranged, analyzed, and drawn conclusions. First of all, describe the syntactic structures of Chinese and ndonesian passive sentences. Then comparing the syntactic structures of Chinese and ndonesian passive sentences to find out the difference of syntactic structures between Chinese and Indonesian passive sentences. The same point between Chinese and Indonesian passive syntactic structures is that both languages can change from active sentences to passive sentences, and sometimes there is no promoter. The difference between Chinese and Indonesian passive sentences lies in the position of the promoter; the morphology of predicate verb of Chinese passive sentences and Chinese active sentences are same, while the morphology of predicate verb of Indonesian Passive Sentences active sentences is different; and passive sentences in Indonesian can carry single verb. The predicate verb of the passive sentence in Chinese cannot be a single verb.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Napitupulu, Erene. (2015). Contrastive Analysis of Chinese and Indonesian passive sentences. Fujian Normal University.

Men-ji, W. U., & Xiao-bing, Z. H. O. U. (2004). On the detachment of" Bei"-marked passive sentences from" JiaoRang"-marked ones in Chinese pedagogical grammar. Journal of Yunnan Normal University, 4.

Pusanti. (2016). Analysis of mastery of the passive sentence "被" by Indonesian students. Central China Normal University.

Putri, Oviananta Tiara. (2017). Kesalahan Penggunaan Kata Kerja Pasif "被" Dan "让" Dalam Kalimat Bahasa Mandarin Mahasiswa Angkatan 2014 Jurusan Bahasa Dan Sastra Mandarin Universitas Negeri Surabaya. Jurnal Mahasiswa Unesa, Vol. 2, No. 2.

Xiao, R., McEnery, T., & Qian, Y. (2006). Passive constructions in English and Chinese: A corpus-based contrastive study. Languages in contrast, 6(1), 109-149.

Hong, Lin. (2002). Contrastive Analysis of Chinese and English Passive Sentences. Journal of Liaoning Normal University.

Li, Shan. (1994). Research on passive centences in Modern Chinese . Beijing: Beijing University Press.

Liu, Yinglü. (2000). Contrastive Analysis of Chinese and Korean Passive Sentences —— Verb Error Analysis of Korean Students. Journal of Learning Chinese, 1.

Ma, Zhen. (1981). Concise Use of Chinese Grammar. Beijing: Beijing University Press.

Yu, Genyuan, dkk. (2004). Practical Chinese Rhetoric. Beijing: Beijing Broadcasting College Press.

Zhu, Dexi. (2006). Grammar notes. Beijing: Komersial Press.

Zhang, Qiongyu. (1993). Modern Indonesian Grammar. Beijing:Pengajaran dan Penelitian Bahasa Asing Press.

Zhao, Huangai. (2007). Terms of Use of Unmarked Passive Sentences in Mandarin. Beijing University.

Zhao, Huiqing. (2016). Contrastive Analysis of Chinese and Russian Passive Sentence Structures. Journal of Jilin Radio & TV University, 8.

Wang, Juan. (2007). Error Analysis of the Use of Passive Chinese Sentences by Foreign Students. Sichuan Normal University.

Wang, Zhenlai. (2004). Error Analysis of Korean Students in Learning Passive Sentences. Journal of Yunnan Normal University (Teaching and Researching Mandarin as a Foreign Language), 4.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 224 times | PDF view : 2 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

 

Flag Counter