Analysis of Genesis Rain in Spring Transition in Makassar

Candra Febryanto Patandean(1*),

(1) Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency IV Makassar
(*) Corresponding Author



Extreme weather in this case heavy rains is common in the city of Makassar, both of which resulted in a flood or no flood.  This type of research is descriptive research that aims to describe the incidence of rain in the transition season in Makassar. The source of data used in obtaining data on research in Makassar is secondary data. His research methods such as analysis method is based on monthly rainfall data to determine the monthly rainfall pattern using the Log Pearson III distribution methods and daily rainfall data duration of 3 hours early to analyze the frequency of rain by using Gumbel distribution methods. Based on the results in a graph of monthly rainfall patterns in the city of Makassar in the year (1985-2014) for 30 years and chart the frequency of daily rainfall duration 3 hours late in the year (2005 to 2014) for 10 years in the transition season in the city of Makassar, we can conclude that monthly rainfall patterns in Makassar is a monsoonal pattern with the second-largest peak intensity of rainfall occurs in January and December and the smallest intensity of rainfall occurs in August.


Rainfall; Rain Patterns; Frequency Rain; Transition Season.

Full Text:



Carvalho, L. (2002). Extreme Preciitation Events in Southeastern South America and Large Scale Convective Patterns in the South Atlantic Convergence Zone. Journal of Climate, 23(77), 23–94.

Davolio, S. B. (2012). Analyzes of Heavy Precipitation Events Over Ligurian Region. . Institute of Atmospheric Science and Climate (ISAC) of the Italian National Research Coil (CNR).

Galvan, L. (2013). Rainfall estimation in SWAT: an alternative method to simulate orographic precipitation. Journal of Hydrology, 509, 257–265.

Giannini, A., Robertson, A. W., & Qian, J. H. (2007). A role for tropical tropospheric temperature adjustment to El Niño-Southern Oscillation in the seasonality of monsoonal Indonesia precipitation predictability. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres.

Handoko. (1994). Basic Climatology: The Foundation for Understanding Atmospheric Physics and Climate Elements. Bogor: IPB Publishing Agency.

Hendon, H. . (2003). Indonesian rainfall variability: impacts of ENSO and local air-sea interaction. Journal of Climate, 16, 1775–1790.

Hilario, F. (2009). El Niño Southern Oscillation in the Philippines: impacts, forecasts, and risk management. Philippine Journal of Development, 36(66).

Jones, C. O. (2004). An introduction to the study of public policy. Massachusetts: Duxbury Press.

Nontji, A. (2002). Laut Nusantara (Third Prin). Jakarta: Djambat Issuing Agency.

Qian, J. H. (2008). Why precipitation is mostly concentrated over Islands in the Maritime Continent. Journal of The-Atmospheric Sciences, 65, 1428–1441.

Ropelewski, C. F., & Halpert, M. S. (1987). Global and Regional Scale Precipitation Patterns Associated with the El Niño/Southern Oscillation. Monthly Weather Review.<1606:garspp>;2

Soewarno. (1995). Hydrology Application of Volume I. Bandung: Nova Publishing Agency.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 200 times | PDF view : 19 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Ad'ministrare

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.