现代汉语与印尼语人称代词对比研究

Asmuliyati Nahnu(1*),

(1) Universitas Negeri Makassar
(*) Corresponding Author




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26858/wenchuang.v3i1.45997

Abstract


摘要

 

本文研究的对象是现汉印尼语的人称代词的三类,包括第一人称代词、第二人称代词和第三人称代词。本文对现汉印尼语人称代词的研究方法运用语言对比分析理论、语义和语用分析理论来进行分析。本文对比研究的结果指出不仅从词语方面也从使用功能方面现代汉语和印尼语人称代词都有异同点。现汉印尼语人称代词的相同点:有排除式和包括式,有人称代词单复数转换形式,没有男女性别的区别,有敬称式。而现汉印尼语人称代词的不同点:复数形式,感情色彩,语法上功能,定语语序。

 

关键词: 现代汉语、印尼语、人称代词、对比分析.

 

ABSTRACT

 

The object of this paper is the three types of personal pronouns in modern Chinese Indonesian, including first-person pronouns, second-person pronouns and third-person pronouns. This paper analyzes the research methods of personal pronouns in Chinese and Indonesian by using the theory of linguistic contrastive analysis, semantic and pragmatic analysis. The results of the comparative study in this paper point out that there are similarities and differences between modern Chinese and Indonesian personal pronouns not only in terms of words but also in terms of usage functions. The similarities between Chinese and Indonesian personal pronouns: there are exclusionary and inclusive forms, personal pronouns can be converted into plural and singular, there is no distinction between male and female, and there are respectful forms. However, the differences between personal pronouns in Chinese and Indonesian languages are: plural form, emotional color, grammatical function, attributive word order.

 

Key words: modern Chinese, Indonesian language, Personal pronouns, Contrastive analysis


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