Psychological well-being of ex-drug addicted counselee in post-rehabilitation education

Rudi Haryadi(1*), Eka Sri Handayani(2), Sri Ayatina Hayati(3),

(1) Program Studi Bimbingan dan Konseling, Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Islam Kalimantan Muhammad Arsyad Al Banjari
(2) Program Studi Bimbingan dan Konseling, Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Islam Kalimantan Muhammad Arsyad Al Banjari
(3) Program Studi Bimbingan dan Konseling, Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Islam Kalimantan Muhammad Arsyad Al Banjari
(*) Corresponding Author




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26858/jppk.v6i1.12422

Abstract


This study aims to analyze the level of psychological well-being of ex-drug addicted counselee in post-rehabilitation education. The study was conducted in 2 communities of post-rehabilitation education providers in Semarang city. The level of psychological well-being of 40 respondents was measured by filling in the 18-item psychological well-being scale developed by Ryff (r = 0.83; v = 0.97). Measurement includes indicators: (1) self-acceptance; (2) positive relationships with others; (3) autonomy; (4) environmental mastery; (5) purpose in life; and (6) personal growth. Hypothesis test results indicate that the level of psychological well-being of ex-drug addicted counselee in post-rehabilitation education is significantly greater or equal to 80 (t = 49,140; sig = 0,000). Based on the results of this study, it is recommended to further researchers to further explore certain differences in the level of psychological well-being of the counselee by the factors of age, demographics, educational background, and length of abstinence. In addition, further studies with a larger number of samples and questionnaire items are needed so that study results can be generalized to a wider population.

Ardiantina, D. (2016). Studi Kasus Kehidupan Remaja Mantan Pecandu Narkoba. Jurnal Bimbingan dan Konseling, 5(1), 1-12.

Astuti, R., & Ismandari, F. (2014). Gambaran Umum Penyalahgunaan Narkoba di Indonesia. Buletin Jendela Data dan Informasi Kesehatan. I, pp. 1-52. Jakarta: Kementrian Kesehatan RI.

Aztri, S., & Milla, M. N. (2013). Rasa Berharga Dan Pelajaran Hidup Mencegah Kekambuhan Kembali Pada Pecandu Narkoba Studi Kualitatif Fenomenologis. Jurnal Psikologi, 9(1), 48-63.

Bhandari, S., Dahal, M., & Neupane, G. (2015). Factors Associated With Drug Abuse Relapse: A Study On The Clients Of Rehabilitation Centers. Al-Ameen Journal of Medicine and Science, 8(4), 293-298.

BNN. (2015). Laporan Akhir Survei Nasional Perkembangan Penyalahgunaan Narkoba Tahun Anggaran 2014. Jakarta: Badan Narkotika Nasional Indonesia.

Buchanan, T. (2011). Attention Defi cit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Well-being: Is Social Impairment an Issue for College Students with ADHD? Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, 24(3), 193-210.

Bukoye, R. O. (2017). Academic Stress and Drug Abuse as Factors Inhibiting Psychological Well-Being Among Undergraduates: It’s Counselling Implications. European Scientific Journal, 13(8), 60-74.

Chong, J., & Lopez, D. (2008). Predictors of Relapse for American Indian Women After Substance Abuse Treatment. Journal of The National Center, 14(3), 24-47.

Dogaheh, E. R., Jafari, F., Sadeghpour, A., Mirzaei, S., Maddahi, M. E., Hosseinkhanzadeh, A. A., & Arya, A. R. (2013). Psychological Well-Being and Quality of Sleep in Addicts under Methadone Maintenance Treatment. Research Papers, 1(2), 71-75.

Fard, A. E., Rajabi, H., Delgoshad, A., Rad, S. A., & Akbari, S. (2014). The Possible Relationship between University Students' Personality Traits, Psychological Well-being and Addiction Potential. International Journal of Social Science Studies, 2(2), 120-125.

Garcia, D., Nima, A. A., & Kjell, O. N. (2014). The Affective Profiles, Psychological Well-Being, and Harmony: Environmental Mastery and Self-Acceptance Predict the Sense of a Harmonious Life. PeerJ, 1-21.

Green, M., & Elliott, M. (2010). Religion, Health, and Psychological Well-Being. Journal of Religion and Health, 49, 149-163.

Greenfield, E., Vaillant, G., & Marks, N. (2009). Doformal religious participation and spiritual perceptions have independent linkages with diverse dimensions of psychological well-being? Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 50, 196–212.

Haryadi, R. (2018). Prospek Konseling Komunitas bagi Individu Eks-Pecandu Narkoba (Studi Pada Lembaga Pasca-Rehabilitasi Narkoba Di Kota Semarang). Konseli (Jurnal Bimbingan dan Konseling), 5(1), 73 - 84.

Ibrahim, F., & Kumar, N. (2009). Factors Effecting Drug Relapse in Malaysia: An Empirical Evidence. Asian Social Science, 5(12), 37-44.

Lindfors, P., Berntsson, L., & Lundberg, U. (2007). Total workload as related to psychological well-being and symptoms in full-time employed female and male white-collar workers. International Journal of Behavior and Medicine, 13, 131-137.

Martin, R. A., MacKinnon, S., Johnson, J., & Rohsenow, D. J. (2011). Purpose in life predicts treatment outcome among adult cocaine abusers in treatment. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 40, 183–188.

Ryff, C. D. (2014). Psychological Well-Being Revisited: Advanced in the Science and Practice of Eudaimonia. Psychoterapy and Psychosmoatics, 83, 10-28.

Ryff, C. D., Love, G. D., Miyamoto, Y., Markus, H. R., Curhan, K. B., Kitayama, S., . . . Karasawa, M. (2014). Culture and the promotion of well-being in East and West: Understanding varieties of attunement to the surrounding context. In G. A. Fava, & C. Ruini, Increasing psychological well-being in clinical and education settings: Interventions and cultural contexts (Vol. 8th, pp. 1-19). New York: Springer.

Schaefer, S. M., Boylan, J. M., Reekum, C. M., Lapate, R. C., Norris, C. J., Ryff, C. D., & Davidson, R. J. (2013). Purpose in Life Predicts Better Emotional Recovery for Negative Stimuli. Plos ONE, 8(11), 1-9.

Schwartz, R. P., Kelly, S. M., O’Grady, K. E., Mitchell, S. G., Peterson, J. A., Reisinger, H. S., . . . Brown, B. S. (2008). Attitudes toward buprenorphine and methadone among opioid-dependent individuals. American Journal of Addicton, 17, 396–401.

Seligman, M. E. (2010). Flourish: Positive Psychology and Positive Intervention. Michigan: University of Michigan.

Sharma, A. K., Upadhyaya, S. K., Bansal, P., Nijhawan, M., & Sharma, D. (2012). A Study of Factors Affecting Relapse in Substance Abuse. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 2(1), 31-35.

Siddiqui, S. (2015). Impact of self-efficacy on psychological well-being among undergraduate students. The International Journal of Indian Psychology, 2(3), 5-17.

Strauser, D., Lustig, D., & Çıftçı, A. (2008). Psychological well-being: its relation to work personality, vocational identity, and career thoughts. Journal of Psychology, 142, 21–35.

Vasquez, C., & Castilla, C. (2007). Emociones Positivas y Crecimiento Postraumatico en el Cancer de Mama. Psicooncologia, 4, 385-404.


Keywords


Psychological Well-being; Ex-drug Addicted; Post-rehabilitation Education

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References


Ardiantina, D. (2016). Studi Kasus Kehidupan Remaja Mantan Pecandu Narkoba. Jurnal Bimbingan dan Konseling, 5(1), 1-12.

Astuti, R., & Ismandari, F. (2014). Gambaran Umum Penyalahgunaan Narkoba di Indonesia. Buletin Jendela Data dan Informasi Kesehatan. I, pp. 1-52. Jakarta: Kementrian Kesehatan RI.

Aztri, S., & Milla, M. N. (2013). Rasa Berharga Dan Pelajaran Hidup Mencegah Kekambuhan Kembali Pada Pecandu Narkoba Studi Kualitatif Fenomenologis. Jurnal Psikologi, 9(1), 48-63.

Bhandari, S., Dahal, M., & Neupane, G. (2015). Factors Associated With Drug Abuse Relapse: A Study On The Clients Of Rehabilitation Centers. Al-Ameen Journal of Medicine and Science, 8(4), 293-298.

BNN. (2015). Laporan Akhir Survei Nasional Perkembangan Penyalahgunaan Narkoba Tahun Anggaran 2014. Jakarta: Badan Narkotika Nasional Indonesia.

Buchanan, T. (2011). Attention Defi cit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Well-being: Is Social Impairment an Issue for College Students with ADHD? Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, 24(3), 193-210.

Bukoye, R. O. (2017). Academic Stress and Drug Abuse as Factors Inhibiting Psychological Well-Being Among Undergraduates: It’s Counselling Implications. European Scientific Journal, 13(8), 60-74.

Chong, J., & Lopez, D. (2008). Predictors of Relapse for American Indian Women After Substance Abuse Treatment. Journal of The National Center, 14(3), 24-47.

Dogaheh, E. R., Jafari, F., Sadeghpour, A., Mirzaei, S., Maddahi, M. E., Hosseinkhanzadeh, A. A., & Arya, A. R. (2013). Psychological Well-Being and Quality of Sleep in Addicts under Methadone Maintenance Treatment. Research Papers, 1(2), 71-75.

Fard, A. E., Rajabi, H., Delgoshad, A., Rad, S. A., & Akbari, S. (2014). The Possible Relationship between University Students' Personality Traits, Psychological Well-being and Addiction Potential. International Journal of Social Science Studies, 2(2), 120-125.

Garcia, D., Nima, A. A., & Kjell, O. N. (2014). The Affective Profiles, Psychological Well-Being, and Harmony: Environmental Mastery and Self-Acceptance Predict the Sense of a Harmonious Life. PeerJ, 1-21.

Green, M., & Elliott, M. (2010). Religion, Health, and Psychological Well-Being. Journal of Religion and Health, 49, 149-163.

Greenfield, E., Vaillant, G., & Marks, N. (2009). Doformal religious participation and spiritual perceptions have independent linkages with diverse dimensions of psychological well-being? Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 50, 196–212.

Haryadi, R. (2018). Prospek Konseling Komunitas bagi Individu Eks-Pecandu Narkoba (Studi Pada Lembaga Pasca-Rehabilitasi Narkoba Di Kota Semarang). Konseli (Jurnal Bimbingan dan Konseling), 5(1), 73 - 84.

Ibrahim, F., & Kumar, N. (2009). Factors Effecting Drug Relapse in Malaysia: An Empirical Evidence. Asian Social Science, 5(12), 37-44.

Lindfors, P., Berntsson, L., & Lundberg, U. (2007). Total workload as related to psychological well-being and symptoms in full-time employed female and male white-collar workers. International Journal of Behavior and Medicine, 13, 131-137.

Martin, R. A., MacKinnon, S., Johnson, J., & Rohsenow, D. J. (2011). Purpose in life predicts treatment outcome among adult cocaine abusers in treatment. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 40, 183–188.

Ryff, C. D. (2014). Psychological Well-Being Revisited: Advanced in the Science and Practice of Eudaimonia. Psychoterapy and Psychosmoatics, 83, 10-28.

Ryff, C. D., Love, G. D., Miyamoto, Y., Markus, H. R., Curhan, K. B., Kitayama, S., . . . Karasawa, M. (2014). Culture and the promotion of well-being in East and West: Understanding varieties of attunement to the surrounding context. In G. A. Fava, & C. Ruini, Increasing psychological well-being in clinical and education settings: Interventions and cultural contexts (Vol. 8th, pp. 1-19). New York: Springer.

Schaefer, S. M., Boylan, J. M., Reekum, C. M., Lapate, R. C., Norris, C. J., Ryff, C. D., & Davidson, R. J. (2013). Purpose in Life Predicts Better Emotional Recovery for Negative Stimuli. Plos ONE, 8(11), 1-9.

Schwartz, R. P., Kelly, S. M., O’Grady, K. E., Mitchell, S. G., Peterson, J. A., Reisinger, H. S., . . . Brown, B. S. (2008). Attitudes toward buprenorphine and methadone among opioid-dependent individuals. American Journal of Addicton, 17, 396–401.

Seligman, M. E. (2010). Flourish: Positive Psychology and Positive Intervention. Michigan: University of Michigan.

Sharma, A. K., Upadhyaya, S. K., Bansal, P., Nijhawan, M., & Sharma, D. (2012). A Study of Factors Affecting Relapse in Substance Abuse. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 2(1), 31-35.

Siddiqui, S. (2015). Impact of self-efficacy on psychological well-being among undergraduate students. The International Journal of Indian Psychology, 2(3), 5-17.

Strauser, D., Lustig, D., & Çıftçı, A. (2008). Psychological well-being: its relation to work personality, vocational identity, and career thoughts. Journal of Psychology, 142, 21–35.

Vasquez, C., & Castilla, C. (2007). Emociones Positivas y Crecimiento Postraumatico en el Cancer de Mama. Psicooncologia, 4, 385-404.


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