Six Thinking Hats Method for Developing Critical Thinking Skills

Eunice Widyanti Setyaningtyas(1*), Elvira Hoesein Radia(2),

(1) PGSD FKIP UKSW
(2) PGSD FKIP UKSW
(*) Corresponding Author




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26858/est.v5i1.8243

Abstract


The purpose of this research is to assist the student teachers in their final year to think critically in analyzing the lesson plan document in the Kurikulum 2013 framework using the Six Thinking Hats method as a tool. This tool has visual imagery similar to colorful hats, with a specific point of view. The white hat acts as an information source, black hat identifies threats, the red hat represents emotion and intuition, the yellow hat identifies support and strength, the green hat stimulates creative ideas, and the blue hat becomes the leader of the discussion. This is a one-group post-test only experiment. The data is analyzed descriptively and interpreted qualitatively. The instrument is rubrics for analysis, also documentation and interview. The result shows that the average of the analysis scored 27,5 (out of 57) in a "moderate" level. This means students give short analysis with less-detailed description and the reasoning is less clear. The order from the lowest to the highest score is: yellow (scored 1,1)- white (1,2)-green (1,3)-red (1,5)-black (2,0). Although the result is still in the middle level, it still can be seen that this method is very potential to assist students to think critically, with a step by step development.

Keywords


critical thinking; Six Thinking Hats; analysis; HOTS; lesson plan

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aithal, P. S., & Suresh Kumar, P. M. (2017). Managerial Decision Making Through Six Thinking Hats Technique. In International Journal of Scientific Research and Modern Education (Vol. 225). Retrieved from www.rdmodernresearch.com

Badrujaman, A., Filliani, R., & Herdiyani, A. (2016). Pengaruh Metode The Six Thinking Hats Dalam Bimbingan Klasikal Untuk Meningkatkan Emotional Literacy. INSIGHT: JURNAL BIMBINGAN KONSELING, 5(2), 145. https://doi.org/10.21009/INSIGHT.052.01

De Bono, E. (1992). Mengajar Berpikir (Kedua; H. Sinaga, Ed.). Jakarta: PT. Gelora Aksara Pratama.

Dhanapal, S., Tabitha, K., & Ling, W. (2014). Six Thinking Hats: A Study to Understand the Reasons and Extent of their Application in the English Language Classroom. In Journal of English Language and Literature (Vol. 1). Retrieved from https://umexpert.um.edu.my/file/publication/00001089_139133.pdf

Ercan, Orhan; Bilen, K. (n.d.). (2014) European journal of educational research. In European Journal of Educational Research (Vol. 3). Retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/26233983/Effect_of_web_assisted_education_supported_by_six_thinking_hats_on_students_academic_achievement_in_science_and_technology_classes

Fisher, A. (2011). Critical thinking : an introduction. Cambridge University Press.

Goodman, B. (2014.). Leadership and Management in Nursing -a critical approach. Retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/4710241/Leadership_and_Management_in_Nursing_-a_critical_approach

Hennesey, Peter. (2004). Retrieved from https://humanistperspectives.org/issue150/

Kabilan, M. K. (2000). Creative and Critical Thinking in Language Classrooms (TESL/TEFL). Retrieved May 12, 2019, from The Internet TESL Journal website: http://iteslj.org/Techniques/Kabilan-CriticalThinking.html

Kaur, M. (2017). Six Thinking Hats: An Instructional Strategy for Developing Creative Thinking. International Journal of Research of Social Sciences, 7(10), 520–528.

Kivunja, C., & Kivunja, C. (2015). Why Students Don’t Like Assessment and How to Change Their Perceptions in 21st Century Pedagogies. Creative Education, 06(20), 2117–2126. https://doi.org/10.4236/ce.2015.620215

Marzano, R. J. (n.d.). (1998) What Are the General Skills of Thinking and Reasoning and How Do You Teach Them? The Clearing House, Vol. 71, pp. 268–273. https://doi.org/10.2307/30189371

Nugraha, W. S. (2018). Peningkatan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis dan Penguasaan Konsep IPA Siswa SD Dengan Menggunakan Model Problem Based Learning. EDUHUMANIORA: Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar, 10(2), 115–127. https://doi.org/10.17509/EH.V10I2.11907

Paul, R. W., & Elder, L. (2002). Critical Thinking: Tools for Taking Charge of Your Professional and Personal Life. Retrieved from http://www.bisenter.com

Sariyem, S. (2016). Hubungan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis dan Minat Baca Dengan Kemampuan Membaca Kritis Siswa Kelas Tinggi SD Negeri di Kabupaten Bogor. Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar, 7(2), 329. https://doi.org/10.21009/JPD.072.11

Egok, S. (2016) STKIP Lubuk Linggau Sumatera Selatan asep, A. (n.d.). Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis dan Kemandirian Belajar Dengan Hasil Belajar Matematika.

Upadana, I. G., Lasmawan, I. W., & Atmadja, N. B. (2013). Pengaruh Metode Pembelajaran Six Thinking Hats Terhadap Kreativitas dan Hasil Belajar IPS. PENDASI: Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar Indonesia, 3(1). Retrieved from http://oldpasca.undiksha.ac.id/e-journal/index.php/jurnal_pendas/article/view/527

Üstünlüoğlu. (n.d.). (2014). English Teaching Forum 56, Number 4 | American English. Retrieved May 7, 2019, from https://americanenglish.state.gov/resources/english-teaching-forum-56-number-4

Wulandari, R. R. (2017). DALAM PEMBELAJARAN BERDISKUSI ( Kuasi Eksperimen pada Siswa Kelas XI SMK Negeri 13 Bandung Tahun Ajaran 2009 / 2010 ). 7(1), 61–70.

Zireva, D., & Letseka, M. (2013). Obstacles to the Development of Critical Thinking Dispositions Among Student Teachers at Morgenster Teachers’ College, Zimbabwe. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 4(6), 671–680. https://doi.org/10.5901/mjss.2013.v4n6p671


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 369 times | PDF view : 103 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Eunice Widyanti Setyaningtyas, Elvira Hoesein Radia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office

Journal of Educational Science and Technology
Graduate Program Universitas Negeri Makassar

   

address icon red

 Jalan Bonto Langkasa Gunungsari Baru Makassar, 90222 Kampus PPs UNM Makassar Gedung AD Ruang 406 Lt 4, Indonesia  
  [email protected] | [email protected] 
  https://ojs.unm.ac.id/JEST/index 
   085299898201 (WA) 
 

EST Index by: