The Scientific Approach Using Inquiry Learning Model in Improving Forehand Drive Performance of Table Tennis

Wahyudin Wahyudin(1*), Saharullah Saharullah(2), Muhammad Aras Malik(3),

(1) Universitas Negeri Makassar
(2) Universitas Negeri Makassar
(3) Universitas Negeri Makassar
(*) Corresponding Author



This study aims to test an increase in the ability of a forehand drive in the game table tennis through the implementation of a scientific approach using inquiry learning model for one of Junior High Schools in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. This study applied a classroom action research conducted in two cycles. Each cycle consists of four steps, they are Planning, Implementation, Observation, and Reflection. Seventeen male students and eight females were involved as respondents in this study. Data collection techniques were conducted in the form of field observations and documentation. The data analysis technique used in this study was descriptive qualitative. This study found that the ability of the forehand drive of Junior High School students increased significantly from cycle I to cycle II. Learning outcomes in the first cycle in the complete category was 44%. In the second cycle, an increase of student learning outcomes in the complete category was 80%. Thus, learning table tennis through scientific application using inquiry learning models can improve the ability of students’ forehand drive.


scientific approach, inquiry learning model, Forehand drive.

Full Text:



Boleng, L. M., & Rahayu, T. (2016). Evaluation of The 2013 Curriculum Implementation for Physical Education, Sport and Health. The Journal of Educational Development, 4(2), 99–105.

Bonwell, C. C., & Sutherland, T. E. (1996). The active learning continuum: Choosing activities to engage students in the classroom. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 1996(67), 3–16.

Chenchen, X., Rong, G., & Shuaijing, X. (2019). Impact of a Sport Education Season on Students’ Table Tennis Skills and Attitudes in China’s High School. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 9(11).

Farias, C., Hastie, P. A., & Mesquita, I. (2018). Scaffolding student–coaches’ instructional leadership toward student-centred peer interactions: A yearlong action-research intervention in sport education. European Physical Education Review, 24(3), 269–291.

Fuchs, M., Liu, R., Malagoli Lanzoni, I., Munivrana, G., Straub, G., Tamaki, S., … Lames, M. (2018). Table tennis match analysis: a review. Journal of Sports Sciences, 36(23), 2653–2662.

Han, L. (2019). Application research of internet multimedia technology in the teaching of table tennis difficult movement skills. Multimedia Tools and Applications, 1–19.

Handayani, T. (2016). Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran Dengan Pendekatan Saintifik Model Inkuiri Terbimbing untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar IPA Siswa Kelas IV Sekolah Dasar. Jurnal Review Pendidikan Dasar: Jurnal Kajian Pendidikan Dan Hasil Penelitian, 2(2), 195–203.

Handriani, L. S., Harjono, A., & Doyan, A. (2017). Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Inkuiri Terstruktur dengan Pendekatan Saintifik Terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis dan Hasil Belajar Fisika Siswa. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Dan Teknologi, 1(3), 210–220.

He, J., & Li, J. (2018). Study on the Application of Microteaching Method in the Popularization of Sports Table Tennis in Colleges and Universities in Southwest China. 2018 International Conference on Management and Education, Humanities and Social Sciences (MEHSS 2018). Atlantis Press.

Hosnan, M. (2016). Pendekatan saintifik dan kontekstual dalam pembelajaran abad 21. bogor: penerbit Ghalia Indonesia.

Jia, W. (2019). Inquiry Teaching Method and Its Application in College Tennis Teaching.

Johnson, A. P. (2012). A short guide to action research.

Levitt, K. E. (2002). An analysis of elementary teachers’ beliefs regarding the teaching and learning of science. Science Education, 86(1), 1–22.

Ma, Y., He, J., & Yu, Q. (2019). Modeling on social popularity and achievement: A case study on table tennis. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and Its Applications, 524, 235–245.

Maksimović, J., & Jelena, O. (2018). Physical education teachers as reflective practitioners and action researchers in their work. Facta Universitatis, Series: Physical Education and Sport, 375–386.

Mani, M., & Milan, A. K. (2020). Co-Construction of Knowledge: Teaching-Learning Redefined in the Light of Constructivism. Studies in Indian Place Names, 40(3), 6575–6592.

McCourt, D. M. (2016). Practice theory and relationalism as the new constructivism. International Studies Quarterly, 60(3), 475–485.

Mettetal, G. (2002). The what, why and how of classroom action research. Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 6–13.

Naderi, A., Degens, H., Rezvani, M. H., & Shaabani, F. (2018). A retrospective comparison of physical health in regular recreational table tennis participants and sedentary elderly men. Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions, 18(2), 200.

Naderi, A., Zagatto, A. M., Akbari, F., & Sakinepoor, A. (2018). Body composition and lipid profile of regular recreational table tennis participants: a cross-sectional study of older adult men. Sport Sciences for Health, 14(2), 265–274.

Nonis, S. A., & Hudson, G. I. (2019). Developing and assessing critical thinking skills in marketing students: The power of making explicit problem-solving processes. Journal of Education for Business, 94(3), 195–203.

Putman, S. M., & Rock, T. (2016). Action Research: Using Strategic Inquiry to Improve Teaching and Learning. Retrieved from

Riehl, F., Dannemann, A., Zetzsche, R., & Maiwald, C. (2019). Inquiry-Based Learning in Sports/the Movement Sciences. In Inquiry-Based Learning–Undergraduate Research (pp. 321–330). Springer.

Sekiya, H., & Tanaka, Y. (2019). Movement Modifications Related to Psychological Pressure in a Table Tennis Forehand Task. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 126(1), 143–156.

Sihombing, A. S., & Dewi, R. (2019). Development of Table Tennis Game Rules Through Modification of Game Rules Model Ams32 in Class VIII Middle School Students. 4th Annual International Seminar on Transformative Education and Educational Leadership (AISTEEL 2019). Atlantis Press.

Zhang, H., Zhou, Z., & Yang, Q. (2018). Match analyses of table tennis in China: a systematic review. Journal of Sports Sciences, 36(23), 2663–2674.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 527 times | PDF view : 1 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Wahyudin Wahyudin, Saharullah Saharullah, Muh. Aras Malik

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office

Journal of Educational Science and Technology
Graduate Program Universitas Negeri Makassar


address icon red

 Jl Bonto Langkasa Gunungsari Baru Makassar, 90222 Kampus PPs UNM Makassar Gedung AD Ruang 406 Lt 4, Indonesia | 
   085299898201 (WA) 

EST Index by: