Project Based Learning in Tourism Subjects to Increase Student’s Academic Motivation and Life Skills

Muh. Anwar(1*), Yusri Yusri(2), Mantasiah R.(3),

(1) Foreign Language Education, Universitas Negeri Makassar
(2) Foreign Language Education, Universitas Negeri Makassar
(3) Foreign Language Education, Universitas Negeri Makassar
(*) Corresponding Author



Abstract This study aims to determine the effect of the project-based learning model that is integrated into tourism courses in increasing student academic motivation and life skills. This study used a quasi-experimental approach involving 1 experimental class and 1 control class. The intervention process was carried out for 6 meetings, where the duration of each meeting was 2 hours. The participants in this study were 41 students majoring in German Education which were divided into a control class (20 students) and an experimental class (21 people). Students' academic motivation was measured using a scale developed by Vallerand et al. (1992) consisting of 28 items that had been translated into Indonesian and tested by Natalya & Purwanto (2018). The learning outcome variable was developed by the researcher in the form of a multiple choice test consisting of 25 questions. This learning outcome test has been validated by 2 lecturers who are experts in learning evaluation. The life skill variable was measured using students' perceptions regarding the extent to which the influence of the Project Based learning model could improve their life skills. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. Research findings indicate that the integration of the Project Based learning model in learning tourism courses can increase students' academic motivation. Increased academic motivation directly has an impact on improving student learning outcomes. In addition, the Project Based learning model can have a positive influence on students' life skills.


Academic Motivation, Project Based Learning, Life Skill, Tourism Subject

Full Text:



Agustina, I. W. (2022). Media Literacy-Based And Project-Based Syllabus For The English In Media Discourse Subject. Indonesian Journal of Educational Assessment, 4(2).

Amrai, K., Motlagh, S. E., Zalani, H. A., & Parhon, H. (2011). The relationship between academic motivation and academic achievement students. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 15, 399-402.

Aparna, N., & Raakhee, A. S. (2011). Life skill education for adolescents: Its relevance and importance. Education Sciences and Psychology, (2), 3-7.

Ariani, R. P., Darmawan, D. P., Atmaja, N. B., & Wijaya, I. A. S. (2018). Balinese traditional culinary promotes food skills and its positive impact on tourism vocational school. International Journal of Life Sciences, 2(1), 50-62.

Barak, M., & Yuan, S. (2021). A cultural perspective to project-based learning and the cultivation of innovative thinking. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 39, 100766.

Boardman, A. G., Garcia, A., Dalton, B., & Polman, J. L. (2021). Compose Our World: Project-based learning in secondary English language arts. Language and Literacy.

Çetinkaya, T. (2019). The Analysis of Academic Motivation and Career Stress Relationships of the Students in Department of Physical Education and Sport. International Education Studies, 12(4), 24-35.

Ginaya, G., Kanca, I. N., Astuti, S., & Nyoman, N. (2020). Designing problem-based learning (PBL) model for tourism vocational education in 4. o industry. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Culture, 6(1), 14-23.

Hadin, H., Pauji, H. M., & Aripin, U. (2018). Analisis Kemampuan Koneksi Matematik Siswa MTS Ditinjau Dari Self Regulated Learning. JPMI (Jurnal Pembelajaran Matematika Inovatif), 1(4), 657-666.

Koyuncuoglu, Ö. (2021). An Investigation of Academic Motivation and Career Decidedness among University Students. International Journal of Research in Education and Science, 7(1), 125-143.

Li, S., & Zheng, J. (2017). The effect of academic motivation on students’ English learning achievement in the eSchoolbag-based learning environment. Smart Learning Environments, 4(1), 1-14.

Morais, P., Ferreira, M. J., & Veloso, B. (2021). Improving student engagement with Project-Based Learning: A case study in Software Engineering. IEEE Revista Iberoamericana de Tecnologias del Aprendizaje, 16(1), 21-28.

Putra, A. K., Deffinika, I., & Islam, M. N. (2021). The Effect of Blended Project-Based Learning with STEM Approach to Spatial Thinking Ability and Geographic Skill. International Journal of Instruction, 14(3), 685-704.

Rozal, E., Ananda, R., Zb, A., Fauziddin, M., & Sulman, F. (2021). The Effect of Project-Based Learning through YouTube Presentations on English Learning Outcomes in Physics. AL-Ishlah: Jurnal Pendidikan, 13(3), 1924-1933

Saifulloh, A. M., & Darwis, M. (2020). Manajemen Pembelajaran dalam Meningkatkan Efektivitas Proses Belajar Mengajar di Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Bidayatuna Jurnal Pendidikan Guru Mandrasah Ibtidaiyah, 3(2), 285-312.

Saravanakumar, A. R. (2020). Life skill education for creative and productive citizens. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7(9), 554-558.

Sharma, R. (2022). Importance of Life Skill Education. International Journal of Research in Engineering, Science and Management, 5(4), 71-72.

Sumartono, I. (2019). Analisis Perancangan Sistem Rencana Pembelajaran Terpadu dalam Mendukung Efektivitas dan Mutu Pengajaran Dosen (Studi Kasus: Fakultas Ilmu Komputer Universitas Pembangunan Panca Budi). Jurnal Teknik dan Informatika, 6(1), 12-17.

Umar, M., & Ko, I. (2022). E-Learning: Direct Effect of Student Learning Effectiveness and Engagement through Project-Based Learning, Team Cohesion, and Flipped Learning during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Sustainability, 14(3), 1724

Wigfield, A., & Koenka, A. C. (2020). Where do we go from here in academic motivation theory and research? Some reflections and recommendations for future work. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 61, 101872.

Yuliansyah, A., & Ayu, M. (2021). The implementation of project-based assignment in online learning during covid-19. Journal of English Language Teaching and Learning, 2(1), 32-38.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 156 times | PDF view : 37 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Muh. Anwar, Yusri Yusri, Mantasiah R.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.