Models of Moderation based instructions in teaching English at Islamic Senior High Schools in Makassar

Hanafie Pelu(1), Murni Mahmud(2*), Sahril Nur(3), Kisman Salija(4),

(1) Universitas Muslim Indonesia
(2) Universitas Negeri Makassar
(3) Universitas Negeri Makassar
(4) Universitas Negeri Makassar
(*) Corresponding Author



Abstract. Moderation is an important aspect in education since it can contribute to democratic education. Educational system in Indonesia needs to consider implementing the concept of moderation, especially in Islamic Schools. For this purpose, this research aims at exploring the models of moderation in Islamic Scools in Makassar. This research focuses on exploring the models of moderation based instruction in teaching English at Islamic Senior High School in Makassar. The subject of the study is an English teacher and the students of one islamic Senior High School in Makassar. This study employed an ethnographic research design. The researchers aaplied observation, interview, note taking, and documentation of English teacher in exploring the implementation of moderation based instruction in teaching English. Findings from this study shows that PELA Model which stands for Preparing material, Established and adopting the local wisdom, Learn to apply in ourselves before teaching others and Applicate imoderation based instruction in English teaching. This model is only suggested model that should be followed up by further research to examine and measure the effectiveness of this model. This study will contribute to the professional knowledge of how to implementation moderation in teaching English in Islamic Schools in Indonesia as well as providing insights for policy- making and improving the quality of primary-school level English language teaching in general.

Keywords: Moderation; instruction; moderation-based instruction; English Language Teaching


Moderation; instruction; moderation-based instruction; English Language Teaching

Full Text:



Aapola, S., Gordon, T., & Lahelma, E. (2003). Citizens in the Text? International Presentations of Citizenship in Textbooks. Teoksessa Torres, Carlos Alberto & Antikainen, Ari (toim.), The international handbook on the sociology of education: An international assessment of new research and theory. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Acker, S. (1995). Chapter 3: Gender and teachers’ work. Review of Research in Education, 21(1), 99–162.

Anderson, L. W., Bloom, B. S., Krathwohl, D. R., Airasian, P., Cruikshank, K., Mayer, R., Pintrich, P., Raths, J., & Wittrock, M. (2001). A Taxonomy for Learning, Teaching, and Assessing: A Revision of Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. Longman.

Arnot, M., & Gordon, T. (1996). Gender, citizenship and marketisation: a dialogue between Madeleine Arnot and Tuula Gordon. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 17(3), 377–388.

Azra, A. (1999). Pendidikan Islam: tradisi dan modernisasi menuju milenium baru. Logos Wacana Ilmu.

Barfield, S. C., & Uzarski, J. (2009). Integrating Indigenous Cultures into English Language Teaching. English Teaching Forum, 47(1), 2–9.

Barron, A., & Schneider, K. P. (2014). 1. Discourse pragmatics: signposting a vast field. In Pragmatics of discourse (pp. 1–34). De Gruyter Mouton.

Carroll, J. B. (1963). A Model of School Learning.

Clark, J. A. (2006). The conditions of Islamist moderation: Unpacking cross-ideological cooperation in Jordan. International Journal of Middle East Studies, 38(4), 539–560.

Dourish, P. (2014). Reading and Interpreting Ethnography. In Ways of Knowing in HCI (pp.1–23). Springer New York.

Esu, A. E. O., Enukoha, I. O., & Umoren, G. U. (2004). Current development in Nigeria for colleges and universities. Owerri: Whyte and White Publishers.

Frey, N., Hattie, J., & Fisher, D. (2018). Developing assessment-capable visible learners, grades K-12: Maximizing skill, will, and thrill. Corwin Press.

Gordon, T., Holland, J., & Lahelma, E. (2014). From pupil to citizen: a gendered route. In Challenging democracy (pp. 201–216). Routledge.

Guthrie, C. E. (2013). Teaching for wisdom in the English language arts: secondary school teachers’ beliefs about literature and life learning in the Classroom. MA_thesis.pdf

Heineke, A. J., & McTighe, J. (2018). Using Understanding by Design in the Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Classroom. ASCD.

Irveanty, M. (2013). Integrasi Nilai-Nilai Karakter Islami dalam Pembelajaran Bahasa Inggris di SMAN Banjarbaru. Pascasarjana.

Jacobs, J. A., & Winslow, S. E. (2004). Overworked faculty: Job stresses and family demands. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 596(1), 104–129.

Johnston, B. (2003). Values in English Language Teaching. Routledge.

Kaltsum, H. U. (2014). Integrating Local Wisdom in The English for Young Learners.

Proceeding of The 3rd UAD TEFL International Conference. Yogyakarta.

Kemendikbud. (2013). Kurikulum 2013: Kompetensi Dasar. Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Krashen, S. (2009). Anything but reading. Knowledge Quest, 37(5), 18.

Lakshmi, K. S., & Kumar, N. S. (2011). Work Life Balance of Women Employee-with reference to Teaching Faculty. E-Proceedings for 2011 International Research Conference and Colloquium, on Contemporary Research Issues and Challenges in Emerging Economies Held on October, 10–11.

Mills, G., & Gay, L. (2018). Educational Research: Competencies for Analysis and Applications. Pearson.

Ministry of National Education of the Republic of Indonesia. (2002). Keputusan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Republik Indonesia Nomor 044/u/2002 Tentang Dewan Pendidikan dan Komite Sekolah [Decree of the Minister of National Education of the Republic of Indonesia Number 044/u/2002 concerning the Board of Education and the Sc.

Mulyana, D. (2006). Metodologi penelitian kualitatif: paradigma baru ilmu komunikasi dan ilmu sosial lainnya. PT Remaja Rosdakarya.

Norris, N., Aspland, R., MacDonald, B., Shostak, J., & Zamorski, B. (1996). An Independent Evaluation of Comprehensive Curriculum Reform in Finland. National Board of Education.

Olaitan, S. O., & Aguisiobo, O. N. (1994). Teaching of clothing and Textile. New York John Wiley and Sons Publishers.

Omabe, C. C. (2006). Instructional materials for social studies education in Nigeria.

Abakaliki: Willy Rose and Apple Seed Publishers.

Omar, N., & Noh, M. A. C. (2015). Islamic Education Teaching Practice Based on the Cultural Diversity of Students. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 4(1 S1), 135.

Ontario Ministry of Education. (2007). Teacher moderation: Collaborative assessment of student work.

Rohman, A. (2017). Pesantren as a Basis for Internalization of Pluralistic Values for Preparing a Democratic Citizens in a Diverse Society. Walisongo: Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan, 25(2), 419–442.

Rosser, V. J. (2004). Faculty Members’ Intentions to Leave: A National Study on Their Worklife and Satisfaction. Research in Higher Education, 45(3), 285–309.

Sallabi, `Ali Muhammad Muhammad. (1999). al-Wasatiyah fi al-Quran al-Karim. Dar al- Nafais.

Schwedler, J., & Schwedler, J. M. (2006). Faith in moderation: Islamist parties in Jordan and Yemen. Cambridge University Press.

Simola, H. (1998). Constructing a school-free pedagogy: Decontextualization of Finnish state educational discourse. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 30(3), 339–356.

Sorcinelli, M. D., & Near, J. P. (1989). Relations between work and life away from work among university faculty. The Journal of Higher Education, 60(1), 59–81.

Spradley, J. P. (2016). Participant observation. Waveland Press.

United Nations Administrative Committee on Coordination. (2000). 4th Report-the world nutrition situation: Nutrition throughout the life cycle. Geneva: ACC/SCN in Collaboration with IFPRI.

Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority. (2002). Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority annual report [2001-02-2019-20].

Walzer, M. (1984). Spheres Of Justice: A Defense Of Pluralism And Equality. Basic Books.

Walzer, Michael. (1995). Education, Democratic Citizenship and Multiculturalism. Journal of Philosophy of Education, 29(2), 181–189. 9752.1995.tb00352.x

Weimer, M. (2008). Learner-Centered Teaching: Five Key Changes to Practice. Wiley.

Wideen, M., Mayer-Smith, J., & Moon, B. (1998). A critical analysis of the research on learning to teach: Making the case for an ecological perspective on inquiry. Review of Educational Research, 68(2), 130–178.

Wulandari, D., Sundari, W., & Ellysafny, C. A. P. (2020). Integrating Local Wisdom into ELT Materials for Secondary School Students in Semarang. PAROLE: Journal of Linguistics and Education, 10(1), 14–21.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 52 times | PDF view : 12 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Hanafie Pelu, Murni Mahmud, Sahril Nur, Kisman Salija

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.