Migration Experiences of A Young Arab Muslim Woman in the West from A Contemporary Young Adult English Novel

Maria Ulfa(1*), Diva Rizkia Nuralisa(2), Tinezia Putri Khairana(3), Annisa Nur Chaliza(4), Azahra Dea Adrian(5), Adinda Angel Aulia D. P.(6),

(1) Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta
(2) Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta
(3) Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta
(4) Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta
(5) Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta
(6) Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26858/interference.v3i1.31567


Abstract. This article discusses migration experiences of a young migrant Arab Muslim woman in a western country portrayed in a contemporary electronic (digital literature) English young adult novel entitled Alina Kanaan written by Rhonda Boldt published in 2021 by Wattpad, a social storytelling application. This research aims to explain migration experiences of a young migrant Arab Muslim woman from Palestine in America through the analysis of the main migrant character with her problems related to hybridity, ambivalence & adjustment, and abandonment & return. The result shows that the novel has many diaspora issues especially through the experiences of migration of the main female character, Alina Kaanan as a young migrant Arab Muslim migrant woman in America. She struggles to face problems and to integrate to the new society through her hybrid identity, ambivalence & adjustment mainly through three issues namely language adjustment, food & drink selection, and avoding “free sex culture,” as well as through the aspects of abandonment and return. Eventhough she receives bad threatments namely discrimination and racism toward Muslims in America from a number of Americans, she decides not to return to her homeland but to continue to live in the hostland America and pursuing her dream to be a successful singer as the winner of American Idol by maintaining her identiy as a migrant Arab Muslim woman and an American resident at the same time.


Keywords: Diaspora, Migration, Arab Muslim Woman, Electronic literature, Wattpad, Young Adult English Novel

Full Text:



Aryand, A. D., Mardiawan, O., & Nurdiyanto, F. A. (2020). Proses Adaptasi Kaum Muda yang Bermigrasi ke Kota Yogyakarta dan Bandung. Psikologika : Jurnal Pemikiran Dan Penelitian Psikologi, 25(2), 215–228. https://doi.org/10.20885/psikologika.vol25.iss2.art4

Awajan, N. W., Al-Shetawi, & Flayeh, M. (2021). Empowering Muslims in Leila Aboulela ’ s Minaret and Mohja Kahf ’ s The Girl in the Tangerine Scarf. International Journal of Arabic English Studies, 21(1), 127–144.

Bhabha, H. K. (1994). The Location of Culture. Routledge.

Boldt, R. (2021). Alina Kanaan. Wattpad.

Chakraborty, R. (2013). New Diasporic Narratives : The Reshaping of the Identities of the female Protagonists in the Diaspora Novel. Journal of Department of English Vidyasagar University, 10, 2012–2013.

Chaudhry, A. M., & Bilal, M. (2021). Migration, Diaspora and Citizenship: A Qualitative Study of the Perceptions of Pakistani Nationals towards the Political Rights of Pakistani Dual Citizens. International Migration, 59(1), 58–73. https://doi.org/10.1111/imig.12717

Cohen, J., & Sirkeci, I. (2021). Handbook of Culture and Migration. In Handbook of Culture and Migration. Edward Elgar Publishing Limited. https://doi.org/10.4337/9781789903461

Furqon, S., & Busro, N. (2020). Hibriditas Postkolonialisme Homi K. Bhabha dalam Novel Midnight’s and Children Salman Rushdie. JENTERA: Jurnal Kajian Sastra, 9(1), 73–95. https://doi.org/10.26499/jentera.v9i1.494

Grossman, J. (2018). Toward a definition of diaspora. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 1–21. https://doi.org/10.1080/01419870.2018.1550261

Hashim, R. S., & Manaf, N. F. A. (2009). Notions of Home for Diasporic Muslim Women Writers. European Journal of Social Sciences, 9(4), 545–556.

Hidayat, I. (2016). Analisis Normatif Tindak Pidana Perzinahan dilihat dalam Perspektif Hukum Islam. 16(1), 44–48.

Jacobs, K. (2011). Journeying South: The Contribution of Contemporary Australian Literature for Migration Research. In Imagining Home: Migrants and the Search for a New Belonging. Wakef.

Kahf, M. (2006). Teaching Diaspora Literature : Muslim American Literature as an Emerging Field by. 4(2), 163–167.

Karim, K. H., & Al-rawi, A. (2018). Diaspora and Media in Europe: Migration, identity, and integration. In Diaspora and Media in Europe. Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-65448-5

Kenny, K. (2013). Diaspora A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press.

Krumm, H., & Plutzar, V. (2008). Tailoring language provision and requirements to the needs and capacities of adult migrants. Thematic Study V. Council of Europe, 1–14.

Lingga, W. P., Purnomowulan, N. R., & Adji, M. (2020). Pembentukan Identitas Hibrid Tokoh Imigran Dalam Roman Landnahme Karya Christoph Hein. Metahumaniora, 9(2), 179. https://doi.org/10.24198/mh.v9i2.22674

Macwan, H. (2014). Struggle for Identity and Diaspora in Jhumpa Lahiri’s the Namesake. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention, 3(12), 45–49. http://www.ijhssi.org/papers/v3(12)/Version-1/G031201045049.pdf

Mansour, A. W. (2022). Arab Diasporic Women Between Challenges and Opportunities in Al- Shaykh’s The Occasional Virgins. International Journal of Literature Studies, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.32996/ijts

Marchi, L. (2014). Ghosts, guests, hosts: Rethinking “illegal” migration and hospitality through arab diasporic literature. Comparative Literature Studies, 51(4), 603–626. https://doi.org/10.1353/cls.2014.0049

Noman, A. W. A., & Shailyasthana. (2015). Woman voice in the arab-american literature. Langlit, 2(1), 494–503.

Pourjafari, F., & Vahidpour, A. (2014). Migration Literature : a Theoretical Perspective. The Dawn Journal, 3(1), 679–692. http://thedawnjournal.in/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/2-Fatemeh-Pourjafari.pdf

Selvakumari, C. N. (2019). Contemporary Issues in Diaspora Literature. 19(49042), 111–115.

Unjore, S. (2014). Excitement or anxiety? A case study of Indian postgraduate sojourners at University of Nottingham. British Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 42(5), 557–567. https://doi.org/10.1080/03069885.2014.933174

Wang, Y., Li, T., Noltemeyer, A., Wang, A., Zhang, J., & Shaw, K. (2018). Cross-cultural adaptation of international college students in the United States. Journal of International Students, 8(2), 821–842. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1250383

Wattpad. (2021). Content Categories. Wattpad.Com. wattpad: https://support.wattpad.com/hc/en-us/articles/360020325871-Content-Categories

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 480 times | PDF view : 48 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.









Creative Commons License

 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.