Graduate Students’ Perceptions and Practices on the Use of ICT for Promoting Learning Autonomy

Karunia Eka Nafilatul Janah(1*), Pratiwi Retnaningdyah(2), Ali Mustofa(3),

(1) Universitas Negeri Surabaya
(2) Universitas Negeri Surabaya
(3) Universitas Negeri Surabaya
(*) Corresponding Author



Some previous studies have proven that the use of ICT for learning gives some benefits as well as challenges for promoting learning autonomy. Thus, this research is aimed at investigating graduate students’ perceptions and practices on the use of ICT for promoting learning autonomy during the Covid-19 pandemic as well as the opportunities and challenges. This research employed a case study of qualitative research design involving ten graduate students of a state university in Surabaya. The data of this research is collected through an online questionnaire. This research revealed that all graduate students involved in this research have been familiar with the term ‘ICT’ and ‘learning autonomy’ in general. Furthermore, they have positive perceptions on the use of ICT for promoting learning autonomy during the Covid-19 pandemic. In addition, the technologies and applications that they utilize during the Covid-19 pandemic are Google apps, LMS (Learning Management System), Reference Management Software (RMS), electronic devices, etc. Then, they also experience some opportunities which are getting to know applications, websites, and tools to support their learning, providing up to date materials, articles, information, and resources or references for their learning, and helping them to communicate or interact with their teachers and classmates. Finally, the challenges that they experience are internet connection problem, unnecessary or unclear information & irrelevant contents that make them unfocused or distracted, and problem in operating the applications or devices.


graduate students; ICT; learning autonomy; perceptions; practices

Full Text:



Al-Ansi, A. M., Garad, A., & Al-Ansi, A. (2021). ICT-Based Learning During Covid-19 Outbreak: Advantages, Opportunities and Challenges. Gagasan Pendidikan Indonesia, 2(1), 10–26.

Alkamel, M. A. A., & Chouthaiwale, S. S. (2018). The Use of ICT Tools in English Language Teaching and Learning: A Literature Review. Journal of English Language and Literature (JOELL), 5(2), 0–5.

Amnan, A. (2020). The Use of ICT in English Teaching at SMK (Vocational High School) Regency of Ngawi during Covid-19 Pandemic. ELTALL: English Language Teaching, Applied Linguistics and Literature, 1(2), 45–50.

ÇAKICI, D. (2016). The use of ICT in teaching English as a foreign language. Participatory Educational Research (PER), 4, 73–77.

Fitri, Y., & Putro, N. H. P. S. (2021). EFL Teachers’ Perception of the Effectiveness of ICT-ELT Integration during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Proceedings of the International Conference on Educational Sciences and Teacher Profession (ICETeP 2020), 532(532), 502–508.

Kamilah, N. (2017). Does Technology Always Promote Learner Autonomy? Investigating University Teacher’s Attitude. NELTAL Conference Proceedings The 9th National English Language Teachers and Lecturers Conference 2017, 115–119.

Khulaifiyah, Widiati, U., Anugerahwati, M., & Suryati, N. (2021). Autonomous Learning Activities: The Perceptions of English Language Students in Indonesia. Pegem Journal of Education and Instruction, 11(3), 34–49.

Melvina, Lengkanawati, N. S., & Wirza, Y. (2020). The Use of Technology to Promote Learner Autonomy in Teaching English. Proceedings of the Thirteenth Conference on Applied Linguistics (CONAPLIN 2020), 546(Conaplin 2020), 315–321.

Murray, G., & Lamb, T. (2018). Space, Place and Autonomy in Language Learning. Routledge.

Nurani, S. G., & Widiati, U. (2021). Students’ Perceptions about the Online Listening Courses during the Covid-19 Pandemic. Celtic: A Journal of Culture, English Language Teaching, Literature and Linguistics, 8(1), 126–139.

Pahrudin, P., Liu, L. W., & Chang, C. Y. (2021). The Influencing Factors of ICT Use in Online Learning during Covid-19 Pandemic in Indonesia. Engineering Letters, 29(2), 382–390.

Rank, T., Warren, C., & Millum, T. (2011). Teaching English Using ICT. Continuum International Publishing Group.

Roslina, R., Harapan, E., & Wardiah, D. (2021). The developing of studying learning culture and the developing of ICT in pandemic covid-19 in junior high school of rambutan. JPGI (Jurnal Penelitian Guru Indonesia), 6(1), 250–253.

Warni, S., Aziz, T. A., & Febriawan, D. (2018). The use of technology in English as a foreign language learning outside the classroom: An insight into learner autonomy. LLT Journal: A Journal on Language and Language Teaching, 21(2), 148–156.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 224 times | PDF view : 104 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats

Published by:

Pascasarjana, Universitas Negeri Makassar

Jalan Bonto Langkasa, Banta-Bantaeng, Rappocini, Banta-Bantaeng, Kec. Rappocini, Kota Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan 90222

E-ISSN: 2503-2291

P-ISSN: 2303-3037

ELT Worldwide: Journal of English Language Teaching is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial- 4.0 International License.