Pengembangan Instrumen Hasil Belajar Fisika Peserta Didik SMA Negeri 16 Makassar

Jasriah Jasman, Muhammad Sidin Ali, Muhammad Arsyad

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan instrumen penilaian hasil belajar fisika pada SMA Negeri 16 Makassar  dalam ranah pengetahuan. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pengembangan instrumen yang menggunakan model research and development (R&D). Instrumen dikembangkan pada semester genap. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa (i)  Hasil pengembangan instrumen hasil belajar fisika pada peserta didik semester IV kelas XI SMA Negeri 16 Makassar ditinjau secara teoretik pada ranah pengetahuan diperoleh Validasi muka ada 50 butir instrumen yang telah memenuhi syarat sebagai instrumen hasil belajar fisika, Analisis butir secara kualitatif ada 50 soal yang telah memenuhi syarat sebagai instrumen hasil belajar fisika, dan melalui pendapat pakar diperoleh 50 butir instrumen dengan konsistensi internal 0,84; (ii) Hasil pengembangan instrumen hasil belajar fisika pada peserta didik semester IV kelas XI SMA Negeri 16 Makassar ditinjau secara empirik pada ranah pengetahuan menghasilkan sebagai berikut; ujicoba pertama ada 50 item soal dengan tingkat kesukaran butir soal berada pada kategori sukar, daya beda soal berada pada kategori jelek, setiap option jawaban cukup efektif, dan reliabilitas soal 0,40, ujicoba kedua ada 28 item soal dengan tingkat kesukaran butir soal berada pada kategori sedang, daya beda soal berada pada kategori cukup, setiap option jawaban cukup efektif, dan reliabilitas soal 0,76, ujicoba skala besar ada 25 item soal dengan tingkat kesukaran butir soal berada pada kategori sedang, daya beda soal berada pada kategori sangat baik, setiap option jawaban cukup efektif, dan reliabilitas soal 0,84, Sehingga secara empirik instrumen hasil belajar fisika dapat dikatakan memenuhi aspek validitas dan reliabilitas yang baik dan layak untuk digunakan sebagai instrumen penilaian hasil belajar fisika yang baku.

Kata Kunci: Pengembangan Instrumen Penilaian, Hasil Belajar

 

The study aims at developing assessment instrument of Physics learning result at SMAN 16 in Makassar in knowledge domain. The study was research and development (R&D). The instrument developed in the second semester. The results of the study reveal that (i) the result of instrument development of Physics learming result of fourth semester of grade XI students at SMAN 16 in Makassar based on theoretical in knowledge domain obtained cover validation of 50 items instrument had met the requirement as instrument of Physics learning result, item analysis qualitatively there were 50 items had met the requirement as instrument of Physics learning result, and based on the experts assessment, it was obtained 50 items instrument with internal consistency 0.84; (ii) the result of instrument development of Physics learning result of fourth semester of grade XI students at SMAN 16 in Makassar based on empirical in knowledge domain obtained the following: the first test, there were 50 question items with level of difficulty was in difficult category, differentiate item was in poor category, each of options of the answers were relatively effective, and item reliability was 0.40; the second test, there were 28 question items with level of difficulty was in medium category, differentiate item was in fair category, each of options of the answers were relatively effective, and item reliability was 0.76; the large scale test, there were 25 question items with level of difficulty was in medium category, differentiate item was in very good category, each of options of the answers were relatively effective, and item reliability was 0.84. Thus, empirically, the instrument of Physics learning result can be stated as the instrument met good validity and reliability aspects and feasible to be applied as assessment instrument of standard Physics leaning result.

Keywords:  Development of Assessment Instruments, Learning Outcomes


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References


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