Academic Anxiety sebagai Distorsi Kognitif terhadap Skripsi: Penerapan Konseling Cognitive Behavior Therapy dengan Musik

Dominikus David Biondi Situmorang

Abstract


In Indonesia, undergraduate thesis is still a pretty scary end task for most students. Many of them do procrastination, keep away from supervisors, do non-productive things as a form of anxiety diversion, and the most extreme is to commit suicide as a result of excessive academic anxiety on undergraduate thesis. The education counselor as one of the college internal agents is expected to solve the problems that often occur every year. Based on Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) counseling approach, the academic anxiety experienced by students is a cognitive distortion caused by maladaptive core beliefs. The process to change the student's core beliefs to be more adaptive can be done with a modern technique, that is through music. In its application, CBT counseling using integrative technique through music consists of two, passive and active music therapy. What we need to know more about how CBT views academic anxiety as a problem and how the way to use integrative technique through music, so that counselors in Indonesia can comprehend conceptually about CBT counseling intervention with music appropriately in the future, in order to help students free from academic anxiety towards undergraduate thesis.


Keywords


academic anxiety, skripsi, konseling, cognitive behavior therapy, musik

Full Text:

PDF

References


Baker, F.A., Gleadhill, L.M., Dingle, G.A. (2007). Music therapy and emotional exploration: Exposing substance abuse clients to the experiences of non-drug-induced emotions. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 34, 321–330. Doi:10.1016/j.aip.2007.04.005

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: WH. Freeman.

Bastemur, S., Dursun-Bilgin, M., Yildiz, Y., & Ucar, S. (2016). Alternative therapies: New approaches in counseling. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 217, 1157-1166.

Bradley, L. J., Whiting, P., Hendricks, B., Parr, G., & Jones Jr, E. G. (2014). The use of expressive techniques in counseling. Journal of Creativity in Mental Health, 3(1), 44-59.

Capuzzi, D., & Gross, D.R. (2011). Counseling and psychotherapy: Theories and intervention (5th Edition). New Jersey: Merril Prentice Hall.

Clements-Cortés, A. (2016). Development and efficacy of music therapy techniques within palliative care. Complementary therapies in clinical practice, 23, 125-129.

Corey, G. (2012). Theory and practice of group counseling (8th edition). American Board of Professional Psychology: Brooks/Cole.

Corey, G. (2013). Theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy (9th edition). California: Brooks/Cole.

Cornell University. (2007). Understanding academic anxiety. USA: Cornell University.

Dewi, M. P. (2015). Studi Metaanalisis: Musik untuk menurunkan stres. Jurnal Psikologi, 36(2), 106-115.

Djohan. (2006). Terapi musik teori dan aplikasi. Yogyakarta: Galang Press.

Fredenburg, H.A., Silverman, M.J. (2014). Psychotherapy effects of cognitive-behavioral music therapy on fatigue in patients in a blood and marrow transplantation unit: A mixed-method pilot study. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 41, 433–444. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aip.2014.09.002

Giovagnoli, A. R., Oliveri, S., Schifano, L., & Raglio, A. (2014). Active music therapy improves cognition and behaviour in chronic vascular encephalopathy: A case report. Complementary therapies in medicine, 22(1), 57-62.

Gladding, S.T. (2016). The creative arts in counseling. Alexandria, VA – USA: American Counseling Association.

Gómez Gallego, M., & Gómez Garcia, J. (2017). Music therapy and Alzheimer’s disease: Cognitive, psychological, and behavioural effects. Journal of Neurología, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nrl.2015.12.003

Gómez-Romero, M., Jiménez-Palomares, M., Rodríguez-Mansilla, J., Flores-Nieto, A., Garrido-Ardila, E.M., González-López-Arza, M.V. (2016). Benefits of music therapy on behaviour disorders insubjects diagnosed with dementia: A systematicreview. Journal of Neurología, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nrl.2014.11.001

Hui-Chi Li RN, Hsiu-Hung Wang RN, Fan-Hao Chou RN, & Kuei-Min Chen RN. (2015). The effect of music therapy on cognitive functioning among older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMDA The Society for Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine., 16, 71-77. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2014.10.004

Indrawan, A.F. (2016). Stres skripsi ditolak, Efren tewas gantung diri. https://news.detik.com/berita/3263003/stres-skripsi-ditolak-efren-tewas-gantung-diri. (Diakses pada 2 Oktober 2016).

Kompas.com. (2008). Hendrawan nekat bunuh diri karena masalah kuliah. http://nasional.kompas.com/read/2008/12/15/17173291/hendrawan.nekat.bunuh.diri.karena.masalah.kuliah. (Diakses pada 2 Oktober 2016).

Laura, D., Sylvie, J., & Aurore, S. (2015). The effects of music therapy on anxiety and depression. Ann Depress Anxiety, 2(4), 1057.

Lilley, J. L., Oberle, C. D., & Thompson Jr, J. G. (2014). Effects of music and grade consequences on test anxiety and performance. Psychomusicology: Music, Mind, and Brain, 24(2), 184.

Mucci, R. dan Mucci, K. (2002). The healing sound of music. Jakarta. PT Gramedia Pustaka Umum.

Ottens, A. J. (1991). Coping with academic anxiety. New York: The Rosen Publishing Group.

Rogers, D.R.B., Sue Ei, Rogers, K.R., Cross, C.L. (2007). Evaluation of a multi-component approach to cognitive–behavioral therapy (CBT) using guided visualizations, cranial electrotherapy stimulation, and vibroacoustic sound. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 13, 95–101. Doi:10.1016/j.ctcp.2006.10.002

Rosanty, R. (2014). Pengaruh musik mozart dalam mengurangi stres pada mahasiswa yang sedang skripsi. Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, 3(2), 71-78.

Sharf, R.S. (2012). Theories of psychotherapy and counseling: Concepts and cases (5th Edition). California: Brooks/Cole.

Sharma, M., & Jagdev, T. (2012). Use of music therapy for enhancing self-esteem among academically stressed adolescents. Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 27(1), 53.

Schunk, D.H., Pintrich, P.R., Meece, J.L. (2008). Motivation in education, theory, research, and applications. Third Edition. New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc.

Skudrzyk, B., Zera, D. A., McMahon, G., Schmidt, R., Boyne, J., & Spannaus, R. L. (2014). Learning to relate: Interweaving creative approaches in group counseling with adolescents. Journal of Creativity in Mental Health, 4(3), 249-261.

Situmorang, D.D.B. (2016). Hubungan antara potensi kreativitas dan motivasi berprestasi mahasiswa program studi bimbingan dan konseling angkatan 2010 FKIP Unika Atma Jaya . JBKI (Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling Indonesia), 1(1), 6-9.

Situmorang, D.D.B. (2017). Efektivitas pemberian layanan intervensi music therapy untuk mereduksi academic anxiety mahasiswa terhadap skripsi. JBKI (Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling Indonesia), 2(1), 4-8.

Situmorang, D.D.B. (2018). Keefektifan konseling kelompok cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) dengan teknik passive dan active music therapy terhadap academic anxiety dan self-efficacy (Tesis, tidak dipublikasikan). Program Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia.

Spahn, C. (2015). Treatment and prevention of music performance anxiety. Progress in Brain Research, ISSN 0079-6123, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/bs.pbr.2014.11.024

Stamoua V., Chatzoudi, T., Stamouc, L., Romod, L., Grazianie, P. (2016). Music-assisted systematic desensitization for the reduction of craving in response to drug-conditioned cues: a pilot study. The Arts in Psychotherapy, S0197-4556(15)30023-X. http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.aip.2016.08.003

Sudarnoto, L.F.N., Pedhu, Y., Mamahit, H.C., & Prasetiyo, T.D. (2012). Panduan penulisan skripsi. Jakarta: FKIP Unika Atma Jaya.

Vargas, M.E.R. (2015). Music as a resource to develop cognition. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 174, 2989 – 2994.

White, S.D., & Davis, N.L. (2011). Integrating the expressive arts into counseling practice (Theory-based interventions). New York: Springer Publishing Company.

Wigram, T., Pedersen, I.N., & Bonde, L.O. (2002). A comprehensive guide to music therapy (Theory, clinical practice, research and training). London: Jessica Kingsley Publisher, Ltd.

Wika. (2016). 10 fakta mahasiswa bunuh dosen di toilet. http://kompasnasional.com/10-fakta-mahasiswa-bunuh-dosen-umsu-di-toilet/. (Diakses pada 2 Oktober 2016).

Zarate, R. (2016). Clinical improvisation and its effect on anxiety: A multiple single subject design. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 48, 46-53.

Zhang, Y., Jiayi Cai, Li An, Fuhai Hui, Tianshu Ren, Hongda Ma, & Qingchun Zhao. (2017). Does music therapy enhance behavioral and cognitive function in elderly dementia patients? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Ageing Research Reviews, S1568-1637(16)30280-X. http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.arr.2016.12.003




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26858/jpkk.v4i2.5252

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 93 times | PDF view : 12 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Psikologi Pendidikan dan Konseling: Jurnal Kajian Psikologi Pendidikan dan Bimbingan Konseling

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Published by:

Guidance and Counseling Study Program,

Graduate Program of Universitas Negeri Makassar

Address : Jalan Bonto Langkasa Gunungsari Baru Makassar,

90222 .Kampus PPs UNM Makassar, Building AD Room 306

Lt II Study Program BK, Indonesia

Email: jppk@unm.ac.id / ilhambakhtiar@unm.ac.id

p-ISSN : 2443-2202

e-ISSN : 2477-2518


JPPK UNM Indexed by:

 

Lisensi Creative Commons
JPPK UNM is licensed under a
Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-NonKomersial-TanpaTurunan 4.0 Internasional.

 

View JPPK UNM My Stats